Measures of Population Management

Subject: Social Studies

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This note gives information about the measure of population management.It is very important for to run the programmes of population management .The which should be taken for population management in Nepal are:Equal behavior between Son and Daughter,Extension of health services,Appropriate management of migration etc.
Measures of Population Management

The environment is the place where we can find both living things and non-living things and whereas the population means the total number of people living in the particular place in a particular area . Both the population and the environment are related to each other. Nowadays the population is increasing rapidly. Due to population growth, we all arefacingdifferent types of problems. In our country, Nepal, the population growing rapidly. So, due to the growing population, the government are running different types of programmes to control the population growth. There are the different measures which should be followed for population management in the Nepal. They are described below:

  • Source :filmfervor.com Figer: Gender
    Source :filmfervor.com.
    Figer: Gender Equality
    Equal behavior between Son and Daughter
    Girl and boy both are the building blocks of the nation. They are the main parts of the nation. But still, there are lots of discrimination between son and daughter. People prefer boys than girls in the context of our country. Every couple wants to have a son rather than a daughter. In the willing of having a son, they give birth to more children increases the population. So, there should be the end of gender inequality. Both the girl and the boy should be treated equally which helps in the population management.

  • Extension of health services
    Our health is our main wealth. Our country, Nepal is a developing country and still in many places of our country, there is a lack of many things like lack of road,lack of education facilities, lack of communication and lack of health facilities etc. In our country, there is high infant mortality rate which is due to the lack of health services or health facility. Due to the lack of health facilities, many mothers are dying during the time giving birth to the babies. If there will be proper health facilities then this type of problems may be solved which will help in population management.

  • Increase Employment to Women
    Women are the main part of the country. Today's world is a modern world. People are very busy in earning money. People don't have time to born a baby or they don't have time to raise children. The people who do work give birth to very few number of children. People do different types of work like bee keeping, animal husbandry, vegetable and fruit farming etc. These types of activities help to increase the participation of women in income generation.
    Source:profit.ndtv.com Fig:
    Source:profit.ndtv.com
    Fig: EmploymenttoWomen

  • Marriage at appropriate age
    Marriage is the important part in the lives of all the human beings. It helps for population management because it controls birth rate. The legal age of marriage for the male is 21 years and for the female is 18. If people married before this age then it will be very harmful for their health. If people do marry inappropriate age then they will give birth to at least one or two children. Therefore marriage at the appropriate age is useful for population management.

  • Women education and employment generation
    The process of providing education to the women that may be formal education or non-formal education is known as women education. .In a family, it is said that if mother she is educated then the whole family will be educated. All the women are the main key of population management because if women are educated then the population can be managed as they are well known about the demerits of rapid population growth. If women is educated then she may have knowledge about methods of family planning by which it will help in population management.

  • Appropriate management of migration
    The movement of people from one place to another place that may be inside the country or may be country to country is known as migration. People move from one place to another place for good facilities. We have seen the people from hills and mountain moving to terai region or people from rural area migrating to city or town. Due to this type of migration, the population distribution is uneven. So, to solve this problem, the government should provide an equal facility in every part of the country.

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Things to remember
  • The total number of people living in a particular area in a particular time is known as the population.
  • The movement of people from one place to another place that may be inside the country or that may be country to country is known as migration.
  • The process of providing education to the women that may be formal education or non-formal education is known as women education .
  • Family planning is the process of spacing or stopping birth.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The movement of people from one place to another place that may be inside the country or that may be country to country is known as migration.

Contraceptives are those devices which are used to prevent pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of ovulation, fertilization, and implantation.

Poultry farming is the process of raising of domesticated birds such as chickens, turkeys, ducks etc.

Career refers to an occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with opportunities for progress.

As we know that family planning is the process of spacing or stopping birth. Family planning mainly focuses on stopping the unwanted birth. It helps to meet the goals of small family size and leads to the happiness and prosperity in the family. It helps to stop the unnecessary population growth rate and plays an effective role for population management.

Firstly, early marriage is the marriage which is done before the age of 18 years. In the other hand, early marriage is also the social problem. The marriage before the age of 18 is harmful to health on the one hand and one the other hand it increases the birth rate. When one marriage at the age of before 18 she gives birth at least four children but if one marriage at the age of 25 she gives a birth to two children. To control the early marriage, first fall peoples should take the legal action for this and awareness programme should be conducted about good and bad consequences of early marriage. 

Women education refers to the process of educating women providing formal education and non-formal education. Women education helps women to provide the good knowledge about the merits and  demerits of large population size. They will have the good knowledge of contraceptives as well  as methods of family planning. In the same way, employment helps to  make people busy and they will not get enough time to be engaged with each other which can help in population management.

As we know that, health service in the rural areas of Nepal is very low. Because of this Infant mortality rate is high in Nepal. Due to lack of health service many mothers die during the time of delivery.If the health service can be extended in  rural areas this problem can be solved and can help in population management.

Yes, it is very much important to give equal behaviour to the son and daughter.  We can see a lot of discrimination between son and daughter in our Nepalese society. We have seen a lots of examples that in the hope of getting sons, many children are ultimately born and the population is increased. So, gender discrimination should be ended which can help in population management.

The list of population management are as follows:

  1. Increase employment to women
  2. Marriage at appropriate age]
  3. The emphasis in using the means of family planning.
  4. Women education and employment 
  5. Extension of health services
  6. Equal behaviour between son and daughter
  7. Appropriate management of migration.
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