Composition and Distribution of Population

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

The arrangement of the population which is the basis of their social,economic,and characterise like,occupation,age,religion,sex etc is known as population composition.It is also known as the structure of the population.The arrangement of the population according to their geographical and administrative region is known as Population Distribution.
Composition and Distribution of Population
Source: america.pink Fig: Population
Source: america.pink
Fig: Population composition

The arrangement of the population on the basis of the social, economic, and characterise like, occupation, age, religion, sex etc. is known as population composition. It is also known as the structure of the population. We can see there are different people inside the earth. Some may be rich and some may be poor some may be old and some may be young. The composition of the population helps to find out the structures of the population on the basis of their socio-economic and the demographic characteristics.

Composition of population by occupation

People do different types of jobs or works in order to earn their living. The arrangement of the population on the basis of occupation is known as population composition by occupation.

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Population Composition by Sex

Male and female, both, are the two very important part of society. In the society, we can see either female or male. So, the arrangement of a population on the basis of sex is known as population composition by sex. The following table shows the sex composition according to the census of 2011 AD:

Sex Population Percentage
Male 12,849,041 48.50
Female 13,645,463 51.50
Total 26,494,504 100

The above table shows that the population of the female is more than that of the male. The percentage of the female is greater than the male population.

Population Composition by Age

The composition of the population by the age of the people living in the country is known as population composition by age or the arrangement of the population on the basis of their different age group is also known as population composition by age. The population composition by age can be shown with the help of various age groups. They can be shown by single year age group, broad age or five year age groups. Like the age group 0 to 14 years, 15 to 59 years and 60 years and above 60. The population of the age group of 0-14 years and above 60 are known as dependent population whereas the age group 15-59 are known the active population.

Composition of Population by Caste/Ethnic Group

There are 126 castes in our country Nepal . Like Rai, Lama, Tamang, Sherpa, Magar etc are the castes living in our country. The arrangement of the

source :huebler.blogspot.com Fig :
source :huebler.blogspot.com
Fig :Population Composition by caste

population on the basis of the caste/ethnic group is called composition of the population by caste/ethnicity. The following table shows the composition according to the census of 2011 AD:

Caste population percentage
Chhetri 4,398,053 16.6
Brahman 3,226,903 12.2
Magar 1,887,733 7.1
Tharu 1,737,470 6.6
Tamang 1,539,830 5.8
Newar 1,321,933 5
Kami 1,258,554 4.8
Musalman 1,164,255 4.4
Yadav 1,054,458 4
Rai 620,004 2.3

Introduction to Population Distribution

The arrangement of the population according to their geographical and administrative region is known as Population

source:cbs.gov.np Fig:Population Atlas of Nepal
source:cbs.gov.np
Fig:Population Atlas of Nepal

Distribution. In our country, Nepal the distribution of a population is different according to the place and time. The population distribution by a geographical and administrative division is not found equal in a context of our country. Nowadays in the place where we can find the facilities like education, transportation, communication etc. is more populated or densely populated and the place where there is a lack of these facilities are sparsely populated or have fewer people. The people from village area move to the city areas to have a better facilities.

Distribution of Population based on Geographical region

Our country Nepal is divided into three regions as Mountain, Hill and Terai regions. Different region has its own physical features, land topography, and climatic condition also. In some region, it is very cold and in some region, it is very hot and in some region, it is neither hot nor cold. It is found that the population of Terai region is very high in comparison to other regions. The distribution of population according to the geographical region is given below ;

Area Population Percentage
Mountain 1,795,354 6.73
Hill 11,475,001 43
Terai 13,350,545 50.27
Total 26,494,504 100

The above table shows that 6.67% people live in mountain region and 43% people live in the hilly region and 50.27% of people live in Terai region. It shows that there are very few people in the mountain region and almost half of the total population of the country is living in the Terai regionas there are many facilities and servicesin the Terai region.

Things to remember
  • The arrangement of the population which is the basis of their social,economic,and characterise like,occupation,age,religion,sex etc is known as population composition.'
  • The arrangement of the population on the basis of occupations is known as population composition by jobs.
  •  The arrangement of a population on the basis of sex is known as population composition by sex. 
  • The arrangement of the population on the basis of their different age group is also known as population composition by age.
  • There is 126 caste in our country Nepal .
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

In another word the composition of the population is known as a structure of the population.

The arrangement of the population on the basis of occupations is known as population composition by jobs.

The arrangement of a population on the basis of sex is known as population composition by sex.

The composition of the population by their age is known as population composition by age.

There is 126 caste in our country Nepal .

Population differs according to difference place because due to fertile soil,plain geophysical structure,availability of facilities etc are the major cause of it.

The age group from 0-14 are known as dependent population and the age group 15-59 are known the active population.

Following are the  causes unequal distribution of population :

  • Unequal distribution of health services.
  • Unequal distribution of facilities.
  • Unequal distribution of education facilities.
  • Centralization of services.

The arrangement of the population according to their geographical and administrative region is known as Population Distribution. In our country, Nepal the distribution of a population is different according to the place and time.The population distribution by a geographical and administrative division which is not found equal in a context of our country.Nowadays in the place where we can find the facilities like education,transportation,communication etc is more populated or densely populated and the place where is a lack of these facilities are sparsely populated or have fewer people.

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