Unity in Diversity

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Nepal is known for its natural beauty in the World. It has its own cultures. It has more than 70 ethnic groups and more than 123 different languages are spoken in different parts of Nepal. Nepali is the national language of Nepal. People practice several religion. People follow different religion. Among them, Hinduism and Buddhism have the largest population.
Unity in Diversity

Source :kathmandupost.ekantipur.com Fig: Unity in Diversity
Source :kathmandupost.ekantipur.com
Fig: Unity in Diversity

Our country, Nepal is a landlocked country. It is situated between India and China. It is also known as the small Country situated at the foothills of the Himalayas. There are more than hundred races of people live here.It is one of the richest countries in the world in biodiversity. It is also rich in hydropower. Nepal is divided into three ecological zones. The Himalayan regions, the Hilly region, and the Terai region. The Himalayan region covers 15% of land area, the Hilly region has 68% and the Terai region has 17% of land area. It is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts. Nepal has nearly 3 million of the population. Nepalese people speak different languages. There are about 123 languages spoken in Nepal. They are Maithali, Bhojpuri, Magar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, Limbu, Sherpa, Tamang, Tharu, Newari etc. All these are the national languages. Nepali is the language of the nation. People eat different foods, dress differently and celebrate different festivals. In spite of these diversities, there is a mutual understanding and respect among the people. There is unity in diversity.

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The different communities live in the different parts of the country. Kathmandu valley is the traditional home of the Newars. The heritage of art and architecture of Nepal is largely in the contribution of these people. Sherpas live in the high hills of the mountain. Similarly, Tharus, Bhojpuri and Rajbansi people live in Terai. Although, there is the mutual co-operation and understanding among the people. All types religion of Nepal gets equal respect from the people. The people who follow Hindu religion are in great number. Besides this, Buddhism is another popular religion of Nepal. The founder of Buddhism is Gautam Buddha who was born in Lumbini, Nepal. He is famous as the Light of Asia. There are many followers of Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Kirat religion. Every religion has its own values and norms. People of every religion can celebrate their festivals according to their culture and traditions.

Source:glamournepal.net Fig:
Source:glamournepal.net
Fig: Culture

Nepal is also rich in natural resources. There are more than 6000 big and small rivers in Nepal. There are several lakes which flow throughout the country. Different types of forests are found in different regions of Nepal. It occupies about 37% of the total land of Nepal. There are many kinds of animals in the forests of Nepal. Forests provide food and shelter for these animals. There are about 800 types of birds found in Nepal. The rare one-horned rhino, wild buffalo (area), red panda, Royal Bengal Tiger etc. are found in our country.

Things to remember
  • Our Country Nepal is a small landlocked Country.
  • The Himalayan region covers 15% of land area, the Hilly region has 68% and the Terai region has 17% of land area.
  • There are about 123 language spoken in Nepal.
  • They are maithali, Bhojpuri, magar, Limbu, Rai, Gurung, Limbu, Sherpa, Tamang, Tharu, Newari etc.
  • Kathmandu valley is the traditional home of the Newars.
  • Tharus, Bhojpuris and Rajbansis people live in Terai.
  • There are many followers of Islam,Christianity,Shikhism,Jainism and Kirat religion.
  • Nepal is also rich in Natural resources. There are more than 6000 big and small rivers in Nepal. 
  •  The rare one horned rhino, wild buffalo (arna), red panda, Royal Bengal Tiger etc. are found in our Country.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Unity in Diversity
Unity In Diversity
Unity In Diversity of Nepal
Questions and Answers

The name of the girl in the letter is Cathrin. 

It is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts.

The people like Tharus, Bhojpuris and Rajbansis live in Terai.

Gautam Buddha is famous as the light of Asia. 

Sherps live in tye high hills of the mountain.

Nepal is divided into three ecological zone. The Himalayan regions, the Hilly region and the Terai region. The Himalayan region covers 15% of land area, the Hilly region has 68% and the Terai region has 17% of land area. 

We follow our Culture and tradition because of the following reasons:

a.  We are born  with our Culture and tradition.

b.  It is our Identity through which we are recognized as what we are.

c.  It helps to maintain  cultural harmony and feeling of nationhood.

 People speak different languages in the Community. Some of them are listed below:

Rai

Limbu

Newari

Magar

Tamang

 Maithali Bhojpuri

Bhojpuri

Awadhi

Gurung

Sherpa

Tharu etc.

The three reasons to prove I am Nepali are:

a.  I can speak my mother tongue and  National language fluently.

b.  I know my culture and tradition of the Country.

c.  I am born in my  Country Nepal  and I love my Country.

Our Country Nepal is also rich in Natural resources. There are more than 6000 big and small rivers in Nepal. There are several lakes which flow through out the country. Different types of forests are found in different regions of Nepal. It occupies about 37% of the total land of Nepal. There are many kinds of animals in the forests of Nepal. Forests provide food and shelter for these animals. Animals and birds add to the natural beauty of the country. There are about 800 types of birds found in Nepal. The rare one-horned rhino, wild buffalo (area), red panda, Royal Bengal Tiger etc. are found in our Country.

Gautam Buddha is the  founder of Buddhism. He  was born in Lumbini,Nepal. He is famous as the Light of Asia.There are many followers of Buddhism. Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal.

 In my Opinion,  Dowry System is the  Customs and tradition of our Community which needs to be reformed.   Dowry System is the traditional  system which is practised in our Country.  The parents having daughters have the belief of giving dowry in her marriage or the parents of the groom ask for it  because it is also the tradition of our Community. I think this customs or traditions needs to be reformed because it is also the social evils of the Society. Many daughters are abused and killed  for the dowry. This tradition must be eliminated from the Society.  The Parents should give proper education, opportunity and help to daughters. They should invest the money in the education instead of marriage. 

 Newars are one of the  communities of our Country. Kathmandu valley is the traditional home of the Newars. The heritage of art and architecture of Nepal is largely in the contribution of these people.

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