Political Condition of Ancient Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

This note includes the information about the political condition of ancient Nepal with their achievement and the progress.
Political Condition of Ancient Nepal

Introduction:

Different Kings from different dynasties ruled over Nepal in different eras. According to the rules of different dynasties, the history of Nepal has been divided into three periods. They are:

  1. The Ancient Period (Begining to 935 BS)
  2. The Medieval Period (935 BS - 825 BS)
  3. The Modern Period (1825 BS onward)

Altogether four dynasties ruled over Nepal during the ancient period. They are,

  1. The Gopals
  2. The Mahispals
  3. The Kirants
  4. The Lichchhavi

Reign of Gopal dynasty

It is said that the Gopals came from Mathura with Lord Krishna ion Dwapar Yuga with their cows.

source:en.wikipedia.org Fig:
source:en.wikipedia.org
Fig:Chola dynasty

The first king of Gopal dynasty was Bhuktaman. For 521 years, 8 Gopal kings were ruled over Kathmandu valley.Pashupatinath was also inaugurated by them and began to worship him.

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Reign of Mahispal dynasty:

After Gopal dynasty, Mahispal dynasty had come into the power. They were also called Ahir or Abhir. Only 3 kings ruled for 161 years. The Kirants attacked them from eastern Nepal and started to set up their regime.

The Kirants

The inscription of stone tells that the Kirants probably ruled Nepal about 2700 years ago, even before the birth of Gautam Buddha. The first king of this dynasty was Yalamber. Gautam Buddha visited KathmanduDuring the rule of the seventhKirantkingand introduced Buddhism. The Mahabharata tells that Jitedasti helped Pandavas in the battle of Kurukshetra and the 14th Kirant king Sthunko offered a valuable gift from Yudhishthir on his crowning ceremony. The emperor of India visited Nepal and he built four stupas in Patan and also erected the Ashoka Pillar in Lumbini in Kirant Period. Gasti was the last king of this dynasty.

The Lichchhavis

Actually, Lichchhivis were not the local dynasties. They came to Nepal from Vaishali, India. After defeating Gasti,the Lichchhavi started to rule over Nepal.

source:en.wikipedia.org Fig:
source:en.wikipedia.org
Fig: The Lichchhavis

Mandev, Amshuverma, Shiva Dev and Narendra Dev were some kings of Lichchhavi dynasty who ruled over Nepal.They build Mangriha to run the administrative work. Mandev issued the first coin in the history of Nepal which he named 'MANANKA'. Amshuverma was a great Lichchhavi king of Nepal. During the rule of Shivadev I, he was appointed as a 'Mahasamant'. When Shivadev died in 605 AD, he became the King of Nepal. He had built seven-storeyed palace called 'Kailashkut Bhawan' at Devapatan from where he conducted his administration. The Chinese traveller Hiuen-Tsang has written in his account that Amshuverma was an educated king with noble character. He had written a grammar book in Sanskrit. The Lichchhavis were rich in art, culture, and philosophy.They made all around development of the country. So, the Lichchhavi period is known as the 'Golden Age' in the history of Nepal.

Things to remember
  • The history of Nepal has been divided into three periods. They are:

    1. The Ancient Period (Begining to 935 BS)
    2. The Medieval Period (935 BS - 825 BS)
    3. The Modern Period (1825 BS onward)
  • Altogether four dynasties ruled over Nepal during the ancient period. They are,

    1. The Gopals
    2. The Mahispals
    3. The Kirants
    4. The Lichchhavi
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

After defeating the Gasti, the Lichchhavis started to rule over the country. They came from the Vaishali (India). Mandev, Amshuverma, Shivdev and Narendradev were some of the famous kings of Lichchhavis. Mandev built the Mangriha to run the administrative works. He also made the first coin in the history of Nepal called 'Mananka'.  Amshuverma was the great king of Lichchhavi in the history of Nepal. During the rule of Shivadev, He was appointed as the 'Mahasamanti'. After the death of Shiva Dev he became the King. He built 'Kailashkut Bhavan' in his period of rule.He had also written a grammar book in Sanskrit.  He was a good administrator. He maintained the good relation with India, China and Tibet. The Lichchhavis were rich in art, culture and philosophy. They made the all roupnd progress in the history of Nepal. So, their age is also known as the 'Golden Era' in the history of Nepal.

Only three kings from the Mahispal dynasty ruled over Kathmandu for 161 years.

The different periods with their time period is mentioned below:

  • The Ancient Period (Begining to 935 BS)
  • The Medieval Period (935 BS - 825 BS)
  • The Modern Period (1825 onwards)

Ashoka was the emperor of India. He visited Nepal during the period of Kirant. He built four stupas in Patan and also built the Ashoka pillar in Lumbini.

The contribution that are made by Mandev and Amshuverma are:

Mandev: He built the 'Mangriha Bhavan' to run the administrative works. He also made the first coin of Nepal and named 'Mananka'.

Amshuverma: He also built the 'Kailashkut Bhavan' and conducted the administrative works. He had written the grammar book in Sanskrit.

Gopal dynasty is the first dynasty to rule over Nepal. Bhuktaman was the first king of Gopal dynasty. Eight Gopal kings ruled over Nepal for 521 years. They established Pashupatinath and worshipped him.

Mahispals were also called the Ahir or Abhir.

Gautam Buddha visited Kathmandu and started Buddhism over there.

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