Subject: Social Studies
As Nepal is mentioned in various old literature it was in existence in ancient times. In previous times
Kathmandu valley was known as the Nepal. There are various stories regarding the origin of the Kathmandu. According to the traditional story of Hindus,Kathmandu valley was a lake. Lord Krishna came to Kathmandu in Dwapar Yuga with some milkmen. He cut the hill in Katuwal Daha and water exist out of the valley towards south and Kathmandu became the proper place of human settlement.
However, According to Swyambhu Puran, in the beginning,Kathmandu valley was a lake. Manjushree Bodhisatwocame to Nepal from China. Then, He cut the hill near Chobhar.The water of the lake had flowed out through the gorge and Kathmandu valley and the valley became the suitable place to live.
According to the geologist thousand years ago, Kathmandu valley was a big lake because several rivers around the hills flowed towards the lake. The river brought the fertile soil and gravels in the lake. Gradually, the lake was filled with stone, soil, and gravels. The southern part of the lake was made by the limestone. Slowly, it mixed with water and started to melt. Then, water started to flow out of the valley making gorge wider and wider and making several caves too. After that, the lake was swept away and the valley became the suitable place to live.
Kathmandu valley had very fertile soil and plenty of pasture land. Gopal dynasty was the first dynasty to rule over Kathmandu and ruled about 521 years. After Gopal dynasty, Mahispal dynasty ruled over the valley for 161 years.
After Mahispal dynasty, Kirat dynasty came into the power and ruled about 1118 years. Lichchhavi came into power after Kirat dynasty. Nepal made magnificent development during the rule of Lichchhavi period. So, the Lichchhavi period is known as the golden era in the history of Nepal.
Mallas came into the power after Lichchhavi. They made all round progress in the field of trade, art, architecture etc. The buildings, places, temples, ponds, statues, etc made during the period of Mallas.
Then after, In 1825 BS, the king of Gorkha, Prithivi Narayan Shah defeated the Malla kings of Kathmandu valley and made Nepal the capital of unified Nepal. Kathmandu became the capital city of Nepal. Its total area is 642 square kilometers. Kathmandu is only the only one metropolitan city of Nepal at present.
Which period is known as the period of a golden age?
Lichchhavi period is known as the period of a golden age.
Why is the soil of Kathmandu valley is fertile?
The soil of Kathmandu valley is fertile because all the fertile soil, gravel is deposited in the valley which is brought by the several rivers around the hills which flow into the valley.
Describe the dynasties that ruled over the Kathmandu valley?
There are various dynasties that ruled over Kathmandu valley. Some of them are Kirant dynasty, Mahispal dynasty, Gopal dynasty and Malla dynasty. The first dynasty that ruled over Kathmandu valley is Gopal dynasty which ruled about 521 years. Then after Mahispal dynasty came into the power. Mahispal dynasty ruled over the valley for about 161 years. After Mahispal dynasty, Kirant dynasty ruled over the valley. They ruled for about 1118 years in the valley which was the highest rule over Kathmandu valley in the history of Nepal. After defeating Kirant, Lichchhavi came into the power and after them, Mallas came into the power. After defeating Mallas, King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the whole nation which is called Nepal.
Why is Lichchhavi period known as the Golden age?
Lichchhavi period is known as the Golden age because in LIchchhavi period there was the tremendous progress in the field of art, culture and philosophy.
In what fields did the Mallas do the progress?
Mallas did the progress in all around the development of the country. They did progress in the field of trade, art, architecture, etc. The buildings, palaces, temples, ponds, statues, etc were made in the period of Mallas.
Who cut the hill of Chobhar to flow out the water of a lake?
Manjushree Bodhistwo cut the hill of Chobhar to flow out the water of lake.
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