Origin of Kathmandu Valley

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This note includes the information about the origin of Kathmandu valley and who helped to get origin the Kathmandu valley.
Origin of Kathmandu Valley

Introduction:

As Nepal is mentioned in various old literature it was in existence in ancient times. In previous times

source ;news.chatoff.by Fig : kathamandu valley at past
source ;news.chatoff.by
Fig : Kathmandu valley at the past

Kathmandu valley was known as the Nepal. There are various stories regarding the origin of the Kathmandu. According to the traditional story of Hindus,Kathmandu valley was a lake. Lord Krishna came to Kathmandu in Dwapar Yuga with some milkmen. He cut the hill in Katuwal Daha and water exist out of the valley towards south and Kathmandu became the proper place of human settlement.

However, According to Swyambhu Puran, in the beginning,Kathmandu valley was a lake. Manjushree Bodhisatwocame to Nepal from China. Then, He cut the hill near Chobhar.The water of the lake had flowed out through the gorge and Kathmandu valley and the valley became the suitable place to live.

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According to the geologist thousand years ago, Kathmandu valley was a big lake because several rivers around the hills flowed towards the lake. The river brought the fertile soil and gravels in the lake. Gradually, the lake was filled with stone, soil, and gravels. The southern part of the lake was made by the limestone. Slowly, it mixed with water and started to melt. Then, water started to flow out of the valley making gorge wider and wider and making several caves too. After that, the lake was swept away and the valley became the suitable place to live.

source :www.nepalguidetrekking.com Fig :Kathmandu valley
source :www.nepalguidetrekking.com
Fig :Kathmandu valley

Kathmandu valley had very fertile soil and plenty of pasture land. Gopal dynasty was the first dynasty to rule over Kathmandu and ruled about 521 years. After Gopal dynasty, Mahispal dynasty ruled over the valley for 161 years.

After Mahispal dynasty, Kirat dynasty came into the power and ruled about 1118 years. Lichchhavi came into power after Kirat dynasty. Nepal made magnificent development during the rule of Lichchhavi period. So, the Lichchhavi period is known as the golden era in the history of Nepal.

Mallas came into the power after Lichchhavi. They made all round progress in the field of trade, art, architecture etc. The buildings, places, temples, ponds, statues, etc made during the period of Mallas.

Then after, In 1825 BS, the king of Gorkha, Prithivi Narayan Shah defeated the Malla kings of Kathmandu valley and made Nepal the capital of unified Nepal. Kathmandu became the capital city of Nepal. Its total area is 642 square kilometers. Kathmandu is only the only one metropolitan city of Nepal at present.

Things to remember
  • Gopal dynasty was the first dynasty to rule over Kathmandu and ruled about 521 years.
  • Mahispal dynasty ruled over the valley for 161 years.
  • Kirat dynasty came into the power and ruled about 1118 years.
  • Lichchhavi period is known as the golden era in the history of Nepal.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Origin of Kathmandu Valley
1950s Nepal Documentary by Toni Hagen Part 1 of 2
Ancient Kathmandu
Questions and Answers

Lichchhavi period is known as the period of a golden age.

The soil of Kathmandu valley is fertile because all the fertile soil, gravel is deposited in the  valley which is brought by the several rivers around the hills which flow into the valley.

There are various dynasties that ruled over Kathmandu valley. Some of them are Kirant dynasty, Mahispal dynasty, Gopal dynasty and Malla dynasty. The first dynasty that ruled over Kathmandu valley is Gopal dynasty which ruled about 521 years. Then after Mahispal dynasty came into the power. Mahispal dynasty ruled over the valley for about 161 years. After Mahispal dynasty, Kirant dynasty ruled over the valley. They ruled for about 1118 years in the valley which was the highest rule over Kathmandu valley in the history of Nepal. After defeating Kirant, Lichchhavi came into the power and after them, Mallas came into the power. After defeating Mallas, King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the whole nation which is called Nepal.  

Lichchhavi period is known as the Golden age because in LIchchhavi period there was the tremendous progress in the field of art, culture and philosophy.

Mallas did the progress in all around the development of the country. They did progress in the field of trade, art, architecture, etc. The buildings, palaces, temples, ponds, statues, etc were made in the period of Mallas.

Manjushree Bodhistwo cut the hill of Chobhar to flow out the water of lake.

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