South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

SAARC is the abbreviation of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. It consists the 8 members that is Nepal, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Introduction:

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional organization of South Asian nations. It had seven founding members, they are Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan. However, later on, Afghanistan joined the organization on 13th November 2005 AD. The countries of South Asia have established this organization to develop the good relationship, extend cooperation and solve their common problems together.It was established on 8th December 1985 AD.

Source:www.sambadmedia.com Fig:
Source:www.sambadmedia.com
Fig:SAARC Countries

Among the eight countries of SAARC, India is the biggest country with an area of 3.287 million square km and Maldives is the smallest country with an area of 298 square km. Similarly, Sri Lanka and Maldives are the island countries whereas Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan are the landlocked countries. Among them, Nepal is the biggest landlocked country with an area of 1,47,181 square km.

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Objective of SAARC

The SAARC countries are different in size, population, economy, etc but they have many things in common. They have more or less similar types of problems and needs.

Thus, they realised that they could develop their countries more rapidly if they helped and cooperated with each other in the fields like agriculture, tourism, education, sports, etc. There are different areas of united action and cooperation of SAARC. The major areas of cooperation are:

  • Agriculture and rural development
  • Environment, forest, and meteorology
  • Science and technology
  • Transport and communication
  • Education, culture and sports
  • Prevention of drug trafficking
  • Promotion of tourism
  • Women empowerment

The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16th January 1987 and was inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. It is the administrative organ of SAARC which carries out day-to-day administrative tasks of SAARC. The head of SAARC Secretariat is known as the Secretary General.

While performing the certain task of SAARC, it needs to follow certain principles. They are:

  • Respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, political equality and independence of all members states.
  • Non-interference in the internal matters is one of its objectives.
  • Cooperation for mutual benefit.
  • All decisions to be taken unanimously and need attendance of all members.
  • All bilateral issues to be kept aside and only multilateral issues to be discussed without being prejudiced by bilateral issues.

The SAARC has its own emblem. The emblem of SAARC consists of seven pigeons held in two hands. It is the symbol of unity, peace, and respect among the seven SAARC member countries.

Things to remember
  • SAARC was established on 14th December 1985 AD.
  • Afghanistan joined the organization on 13th November 2005 AD.
  • India is the biggest and Maldives is the smallest country.
  • Sri Lanka and Maldives are the island countries
  • Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan are the landlocked countries.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The principles of the SAARC are as follows:

  • Respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, political equality and independence of all members states.
  • Non-interference in the internal matters is one of its objectives.
  • Cooperation for mutual benefit.
  • All decisions to be taken unanimously and need attendance of all members.
  • All bilateral issues to be kept aside and only multilateral issues to be discussed without being prejudiced by bilateral issues.

The seven pigeons of  SAARC symbolizes the unity, peace and respect among the SAARC member countries.

Any four most important objective of SAARC are:

  • To achieve in social progress and cultural development.
  • To promote and strengthen collective self-reliance among the countries of South Asia.

The major areas of cooperation of SAARC are as follows:

  • Agriculture and rural development
  • Environment, forest and meteorology
  • Science and technology
  • Transport and communication
  • Education, culture and sports
  • Prevention of drug trafficking
  • Promotion of tourism
  • Women empowerment

Among eight countries India is the biggest country. In the same way, Maldives is the smallest country. Similarly, Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries  and Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan are the Landlocked countries.

SAARC Secretariat was established in the capital city of Nepal that is Kathmandu. SAARC Secretariat was established on 16th January 1987 AD.

The main task of  Secretariat is to carry out day-to-day administrative tasks of SAARC. The head of Secretariat is called the Secretary General.

Meteorology refers to the branch of science related to the study of atmosphere.

SAARC was established on 8th December 1985 AD.

Afghanistan joined SAARC on 13th November 2005 AD.

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