Introduction to Our Economic Activities

Subject: Social Studies

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The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities. Economic activities may be different from person to person some may involve in farming, the other may involve in industry, business, trade, agriculture and so on. All these activities are the main source of income of our country.This note gives the information about the agriculture, aminal husbandry, industry, trade and overall economic activities of Nepal.
Introduction to Our Economic Activities

Introduction To Our Economic Activities

Source: www.slideshare.net Fig: Introduction to Economic Activity
Source: www.slideshare.net
Fig: Introduction to Economic Activity

The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities. Economic activities may be different from person to person as some may involve in farming, the other may involve in industry, business, trade, agriculture and so on. All these activities are the main source of income of our country.

We live in a society with our family but our family can not run without income or money. The family depends on upon income, it will be difficult to manage the family without income but if the family has the strong economic condition then a family can fulfill their needs and desires easily. The economic condition of a family is also determined by the country because when the country is developed than the economic condition of a family will be strong and when underdeveloped then there is a weak economic condition of a family.

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In the context of our country, there are four main types of economic activities from which people run their life and family. Most of the people of our country are involved in agriculture. The four type of economic activities is given below;

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry
  3. Industry
  4. Trade

Agriculture

Source: www.skymetweather.com Fig: Agriculture
Source: www.skymetweather.com
Fig: Agriculture


The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture. Nepal is an agricultural country so the main occupation of the people living in Nepal is agriculture. Nepalese people produce various crops and vegetable to run their life, which also helps in the economic condition of the nation. People use traditional method for agriculture although there are the modern method and technology for agriculture, so the agriculture production of Nepal is low. Nepalese people grow crops like maize, wheat, barley, buckwheat, etc.

Animal Husbandry
Cattle rearing and animal husbandry is also another important economic activities of Nepal. Mostly people living in a mountain region involve in animal husbandry and cattle rearing which is their main occupation. People rear cow, buffalo, sheep, ox, donkey, etc. and use them as means of transport. People get milk, meat, fur ghee, etc. from those aminals and used them in their daily life and also as income generating source.

Industry

Source: nepalitimes.com Fig: Industry
Source: nepalitimes.com
Fig: Industry

The industry is another important economic activities of a people in Nepal. Producing different goods and products by using a large number of volume, human resources, labor, technology, and a raw material is known as an industry. It helps to decrease the unemployment from the country because it provides employment opportunities for the people. Although it is very important in the context of Nepal but we are very slow in the industrial development. Some of the industries of Nepal are Pottery, furniture,industry, oil industry, and other small, cottage and large industry. like sugar, jute , textile, noodles, shoes, etc. The tourism industry is the best industry in the context of Nepal because every year more than lakhs tourists come to visit.They come to Nepal for various adventurous activities like trekking, rafting, mountaineering, bungee jumping etc.

Trade

Source: jwdconline.com Fig: Trade
Source: jwdconline.com
Fig: Trade


Trade and business are also important economic activities of the people living in Nepal. Nepalese people involve in domestic and international trade. The main trade of Nepal is supplying various medicinal herbs, shrubs, and pashmina. Every year millions of people go foreign countries for employment. They earn foreign currency and send it in Nepal as remittance from which many families are running their livelihood. So, it is also an economic activity of Nepal.



Things to remember
  • The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities.
  • All family is depended on upon income.
  • The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture.
  •  Nepal is an agricultural country so the main occupation of the people living in Nepal is agriculture.
  •  Mostly people living in a mountain region involve in animal husbandry and cattle rearing which is their main occupation. 
  •  Producing different goods and products by using a large number of volume, human resources, labor, technology, a raw material is known as an industry.
  • The main trade of Nepal is supplying various medicinal herbs, shrubs, and pashmina.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The economic activities that my family members are involved in  are as follow: 

  • Agriculture
  • Private Offices
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Government Offices

 

I would like to involve in tourism sector because in the context of Nepal it is one of the best economic activities to run the livelihood and also the nation. In our country, there are lots of natural beauties so tourism is best economic activities to earn income and protect and promote the natural environment along with a nation.

No, I don't want to go other countries for a job because our country is underdeveloped country. So, we Nepalese should work in our own country to develop the nation. We should not go other countries to make them forward instead we should work hard in our country to make it forward and developed.

The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities. The three main areas of economic activity in Nepal are as follow: 

  • Agriculture 
  • Industry 
  • Trade

The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture.

The people living in mountain region are engaged in animal rearing because they used animals as their means of transportation and they get fur, ghee, milk, meat, etc from animals to run their daily life.

Producing different goods and products by using a large number of volume, human resources, labor, technology, and a raw material is known as an industry.

The activities and organizations involved in providing services for people or tourist are known as the tourism industry. The tourism industry is very important because it helps to protect and the promote the nation as well as natural beauties. It also provides lots of employment opportunities for the jobless people and also helps to increase the per capita income of the nation.

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