Subject: Social Studies
The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities. Economic activities may be different from person to person as some may involve in farming, the other may involve in industry, business, trade, agriculture and so on. All these activities are the main source of income of our country.
We live in a society with our family but our family can not run without income or money. The family depends on upon income, it will be difficult to manage the family without income but if the family has the strong economic condition then a family can fulfill their needs and desires easily. The economic condition of a family is also determined by the country because when the country is developed than the economic condition of a family will be strong and when underdeveloped then there is a weak economic condition of a family.
In the context of our country, there are four main types of economic activities from which people run their life and family. Most of the people of our country are involved in agriculture. The four type of economic activities is given below;
The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture. Nepal is an agricultural country so the main occupation of the people living in Nepal is agriculture. Nepalese people produce various crops and vegetable to run their life, which also helps in the economic condition of the nation. People use traditional method for agriculture although there are the modern method and technology for agriculture, so the agriculture production of Nepal is low. Nepalese people grow crops like maize, wheat, barley, buckwheat, etc.
Cattle rearing and animal husbandry is also another important economic activities of Nepal. Mostly people living in a mountain region involve in animal husbandry and cattle rearing which is their main occupation. People rear cow, buffalo, sheep, ox, donkey, etc. and use them as means of transport. People get milk, meat, fur ghee, etc. from those aminals and used them in their daily life and also as income generating source.
The industry is another important economic activities of a people in Nepal. Producing different goods and products by using a large number of volume, human resources, labor, technology, and a raw material is known as an industry. It helps to decrease the unemployment from the country because it provides employment opportunities for the people. Although it is very important in the context of Nepal but we are very slow in the industrial development. Some of the industries of Nepal are Pottery, furniture,industry, oil industry, and other small, cottage and large industry. like sugar, jute , textile, noodles, shoes, etc. The tourism industry is the best industry in the context of Nepal because every year more than lakhs tourists come to visit.They come to Nepal for various adventurous activities like trekking, rafting, mountaineering, bungee jumping etc.
Trade and business are also important economic activities of the people living in Nepal. Nepalese people involve in domestic and international trade. The main trade of Nepal is supplying various medicinal herbs, shrubs, and pashmina. Every year millions of people go foreign countries for employment. They earn foreign currency and send it in Nepal as remittance from which many families are running their livelihood. So, it is also an economic activity of Nepal.
In what economic activities are your family members involved? List them.
The economic activities that my family members are involved in are as follow:
What economic activities do you wnt to get involved in future? Why?
I would like to involve in tourism sector because in the context of Nepal it is one of the best economic activities to run the livelihood and also the nation. In our country, there are lots of natural beauties so tourism is best economic activities to earn income and protect and promote the natural environment along with a nation.
Do you want to go to overseas country for job? Why?
No, I don't want to go other countries for a job because our country is underdeveloped country. So, we Nepalese should work in our own country to develop the nation. We should not go other countries to make them forward instead we should work hard in our country to make it forward and developed.
What is economic activity? What are the three main areas of economic activities in Nepal?
The activities which are done to earn income or money is known as economic activities. The three main areas of economic activity in Nepal are as follow:
What is agriculture?
The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture.
Why do more people engage in animal rearing in the mountain region of Nepal?
The people living in mountain region are engaged in animal rearing because they used animals as their means of transportation and they get fur, ghee, milk, meat, etc from animals to run their daily life.
What is an industry?
Producing different goods and products by using a large number of volume, human resources, labor, technology, and a raw material is known as an industry.
Define tourism industry in your own words. Why is it important?
The activities and organizations involved in providing services for people or tourist are known as the tourism industry. The tourism industry is very important because it helps to protect and the promote the nation as well as natural beauties. It also provides lots of employment opportunities for the jobless people and also helps to increase the per capita income of the nation.
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