Agricultural Activities of Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Nepal is developing the country with an agricultural economy. The main occupation of Nepal is agriculture. The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture. About 80% of people are involved in agriculture as their occupation. Agriculture is the base of the Nepalese people and also for Nepal. This note gives the information about the Agricultural Activities of Nepal.
Agricultural Activities of Nepal

Agricultural Activities of Nepal

Source: ccafs.cgiar.org Fig: Agriculture in Nepal
Source: ccafs.cgiar.org
Fig: Agriculture in Nepal

Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy. The main occupation of Nepal is agriculture.The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture. About 80% of people are involved in agriculture as their occupation. Agriculture is the base of the Nepalese people and also for Nepal. From the agricultural product, people earn income to run their livelihood.

In past, people used cow, buffalo, ox etc. for the cultivation of land and also used old materials. There were no modern equipment and technology for agriculture. But now people use modern equipment and technology for agriculture. They also use chemical fertilizers, seeds improve etc to make production well. In the past, people do agriculture only in the monsoon rain. But nowadays we can cultivate crops at any time whether it is monsoon or dry season because nowadays people use to pump water and fill the field at any time. From the construction of dam and irrigation, canal water can be supplied to the field.

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Agriculture is the main source of income of Nepal. Farmers sell their products in the market at less price. Nepalese farmer gets low income although they struggle hard. They used that money to buy chemical fertilizer, modern equipment, seeds, and other needed things used in their daily life. The daily life of a farmer is depending upon the agriculture to run their livelihood.

In the agriculture of Nepal, there are lots of problems which farmers has to face. Farmers cannot get modern equipment, and other needed things for agriculture because of expensive. The government of Nepal is also impractical in this case because the government should also look after in the sector of agriculture. Due to lack of transportation facility, people can't get a good market for their product. Farmers are not educated and skilled for the betterment of the agriculture. So it is very difficult to improve the agricultural status of Nepal.

Source: reportersnepal.com Fig: Agricultural Development Bank
Source: reportersnepal.com
Fig: Agricultural Development Bank

The government of Nepal should provide needed things and equipment in low price for the farmers to promote agriculture. Agriculture sector should be given more priority. Good market and prices for agricultural products should be decreased. Farmers should provide education facility and training for the betterment of agriculture. New equipment and modern technology should be provided to the farmers. Agriculture is the base of Nepalese people's life so we must focus on the agriculture to run our livelihood.

Things to remember
  • Nepal is developing country with an agricultural economy.
  •  The process of producing foods, vegetable, crops by cultivating land is known as agriculture.
  • About 80% of people are involved in agriculture as their occupation. 
  •  From the construction of dam and irrigation, canal water can be supplied to the field. 
  • Agriculture is the main source of income of Nepal. 
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Agricultural Activities of Nepal
The Story of Agriculture and the Green Economy
Questions and Answers

The list of cash crops, food crop, fruit and vegetable grown in my community are as follow; 

  • Cash Crop: Cardamon, Jute, Sugarcane etc.
  • Food Crop: Wheat, Maize,  Barley etc.
  • Fruit: Orange, Banana, Mango, Pineapple etc.
  • Vegetables: Cauliflower, Cabbage, Pumpkin etc

The major problems in agriculture in Nepal are as follow: 

  • Lack of modern equipment and technology.
  • Lack of skilled manpower
  • Lack of proper market
  • Lack of transportation facility

 

If I became the Minister of Agriculture then I would provide the modern equipment and technology for the effective cultivation of land and to grow the crops. Beside this, I would provide the loan in less interest to the farmers for the agriculture.

Agriculture is very important in the context of Nepal because it is the agro-base country so the land of theNepal is fertile for the cultivation of land and agriculture. 

The four solution for the problems of agriculture in Nepal are as follow: 

  • Top priority should be given to the agriculture 
  • The Proper market for agricultural products.
  • Good transportation facility
  • less interest in loan
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