## Map Work

Subject: Social Studies

#### Overview

A map is defined as a representation, usually on a flat surface, of a whole or part of an area. The job of a map is to describe spatial relationships of specific features that the map aims to represent. Maps are of different types and for the different purpose. A physical map shows us natural features like hills, rivers, lakes etc. Symbols are a universal language understood by people all over the world.
##### Map Work

A map is an image of a place at a particular point in time, but that place has been intentionally reduced in size. Its contents are also been selected to focus on one or two particular items. It is also the representation of earth's surface, a continent, a country, a city or a village in a reduced scale. It gives a general idea, such as location, direction, physical and cultural features of any particular place. Maps are a form of symbolization, governed by a set of conventions, that aim to communicate a sense of place.

A map is one of the important tools for a geographer. People encounter maps in everyday life. Weather maps are featured on the news. People even refer to simple maps when trying to navigate around public places, such as libraries and train stations. A Physical map shows us natural features like hills, rivers, lakes etc. Similarly, a political map shows us countries with their capitals, cities, and boundaries. There are also information maps like tourist map, which gives information so they may easily go from one place to another.

### METHODS OF DRAWING MAPS

We have already studied in our previous class about the several methods of drawing a map. Now we are following the Geometrical Measuring Method of drawing the map of Nepal. This is one of the convenient methods of drawing a map.

#### Geometrical measuring

The Geometrical measuring method of drawing a map is very convenient one. Let's see an example about it.

Requirements: An outline map of Nepal, blank sheet of paper, pencil, eraser and ruler.

Method:

• Draw a rectangle PQRS, PQ = 30cm, RS = 30cm, PS= 15cm, QR = 15cm.
• Measure 6cm from P along PQ, mark T
• Measure 6cm from P along PS. mark U
• Measure 6cm from R along QR, mark V
• Measure 6cm from R along RS, mark W
• Join the parts TU, VW, TV, UW. A parallelogram is formed.
• Now we can draw the map of Nepal inside the parallelogram.

### CONVENTIONAL SIGNS AND SYMBOLS

We need various information because simply drawing a map does not give the full information about the necessary things. A conventional sign denotes a word or symbol that achieves a function through a linguistic property The Conventional Symbols or Indexes and information must be expressed into the map. Sometimes, symbols or indexes have to be accompanied with set colours. Similarly,A symbol is an amazing instrument used by different religions and cultures all over the world and language. We recognise hundreds of symbols every day from road signs, currency signs and keyboard symbols to Electrical and Zodiac signs.

Some of the examples of Conventional signs and symbols are as follows:

Water is represented by blue, plain lands by green, hills by yellow or orange, mountains by brown,etc. Indexes are usually drawn at the corner of the map. Also, some of the symbols can be drawn by ourselves, depending on the type of information we wish to represent on the map.Symbols are a universal language understood by people all over the world.

Some Symbols which are used on the map are as follows:

##### Things to remember
•  It is also the representation of earth's surface, a continent, a country, a city or a village in a reduced scale.
• It gives a general idea, such as  location, direction, physical and cultural features of any particular place.
• People even refer to simple maps when trying to navigate around public places, such as libraries and train stations.
• The Geometrical measuring method of drawing a map is very convenient one.
•  A conventional sign denotes a word or symbol that achieves a function through a linguistic property.
• Water is represented by blue, plain lands by green, hills by yellow or orange, mountains by brown,
• Symbols are a universal language understood by people all over the world.
• It includes every relationship which established among the people.
• There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
• It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
• common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
##### How To Draw Nepal Map

Map is also the representation of earth's surface, a continent, a country, a city or a village in a reduced scale.

A political map shows us about the countries with their capitals, cities, and boundaries.

Map gives a general idea, such as location, direction, physical and cultural features of any particular place.

To draw the map of Nepal, an outline map of Nepal, blank sheet of paper, pencil, eraser and ruler are required.

The Indexes are usually drawn at the corner of the map.

Maps gives the general idea, such as location, direction, physical and cultural features of any particular place. Maps are a form of symbolization, governed by a set of conventions. Its main aim is to communicate a sense of place.

Method:

a. Draw a rectangle PQRS, PQ = 30cm, RS = 30cm, PS= 15cm, QR = 15cm.

b. Measure 6cm from P along PQ, mark T

c. Measure 6cm from P along PR. mark U

d. Measure 6cm from R along QR, mark V

e. Measure 6cm from R along RS, mark W

f. Join the parts TU, VW, TV, UW. P parallelogram is formed.

g. Now we can draw the map of Nepal inside the parallelogram.

,A symbol is an amazing instrument used by different religions and cultures all over the world and language. We recognise hundreds of symbols every day from road signs, currency signs and keyboard symbols to Electrical and Zodiac signs.

A Tourist map is a information map just like other maps,  which gives information so they may easily go from one place to another.