Duties of Citizens

Subject: Social Studies

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Overview

Being citizens we have many duties and responsibilities to be fulfilled. We live in a society so we also have duties of a society which is also considered as the work of a people towards the society. This note gives the information about the moral, legal, civic and all duties of citizens toward its family, society, and nation.
Duties of Citizens

Duties of a Citizen

Being a citizen, we have many duties and responsibilities to be fulfilled. We live in a society so we also have duties of a society which is also considered as the work of a people towards the society. Each and every people have duties like parents have duties towards their children, teacher has duties toward their students, the army has duties towards their nation, likewise engineers, pilot, doctor, and so on. But the duties of a citizen are divided into three types they are as follow:

Source :www.bitlanders.com Fig:
Source :www.bitlanders.com
Fig:Rights and Duties

Moral Duty
Moral duty is related towards our behaviors. It is performed by all citizens from children to old in their daily life activities on their own will. It helps people to be honest, sincere, kind and helpful. All the thing we do in our daily life like respecting elders, loving juniors, helping needed people, showing moral in the society etc are regarded as the moral duty. Creating friendly environment among friends, family, and other people is also regarded as a moral duty.

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Legal Duty
The legal duties are made by a government for its citizens. Law and rules formulated by the government come under the legal duties which help people to use rights. The government provides equal rights and law to all the citizens of a nation so, it is the duty of all citizens to obey the law and work under the law of government. Legal duty makes people complete or fulfills their responsibilities and duties towards their life and a nation.

Civic Duty
Civic duty is the main duty of a citizen to run and develop the nation. All the peace and prosperity of a country should maintain by citizens. Citizens should obey the rules and law of a government and should pay the tax on time to run the government as well as a country. It is the major duty of a citizen to pay a tax on time. Citizens are the base to formed the government and run it. The administrative of a government is run by the tax paid by the citizens. Paying tax, VAT, contributing positive changes in the welfare of a nation are some example of a civic duty.

Things to remember
  • Being citizens we have many duties and responsibilities to be fulfilled. 
  • Moral duty is related towards our behaviours.
  •  Law and rules formulated by the government come under the legal duties which help people to use rights. 
  • Civic duty is the main duty of a citizen to run and develop the nation. 
  • Paying tax, VAT, contributing positive changes in the welfare of a nation are some example of a civic duty. 
  • Moral duty helps people to be honest, sincere, kind and helpful.  

 

  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

 We have lots of duties being a member of a family some of them ar listed below: 

  • We should love our small brother and sisters.
  • We should respect our seniors and parents.
  • We should obey the thing told by our parents.
  • We should always be truthful and helpful towards our family.
  • We should care our family members.

The duties of students in their school are as follow: 

  • We should respect our teachers.
  • We should obey and do  the given homework on time.
  • We should be friendly toward our friends.

Duty is a moral and a legal responsibility which a people need to do on time. Examining the patients and advising them medicine is the duty of a doctor which is one of the example of duty. 

The list of civil duties are as follow: 

  • Paying tax
  • Paying VAT
  • Contributing positive changes in the welfare of a nation etc.

The difference between moral duty and legal duty are as follows:

Moral Duty Legal Duty
Moral duty is related towards our behaviours. The legal duties are made by a government for its citizens.
It is performed by all citizens from children to old in their daily life activities on their own will. It is also performed by all citizens but on the rule and regulation of government.
It helps people to be honest, sincere, kind and helpful. It helps people to use rights.
Respecting elders, loving juniors, helping needed people, showing moral in the society etc are the example of moral duty. Obeying traffic rule, obeying rules and laws of the government are the example of the legal duties.

Citizens should pay tax to run the administrative work of the nation and to run the nation.

A casting vote is an important civic duty of citizens because it helps to select the effective, honest and capable candidate to run the nation.

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