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Alcohols exhibits following three types of isomerism.
Alcohols containing at least 4-carbon atoms form chain isomerism due to the different structure of C-skeleton in the longest chain.
Alcohols containing at least 3 C atoms form position isomerism due to a different position of a hydroxy group (OH).
Alcohols containing at least 2 carbon atoms give functional isomers. The functional isomer of an alcohol is ether.
1. Common system.
In common system of nomenclature,alcohols are named as.
2. IUPAC systems.
In this system, alcohols are given their respective names by adding suffix-'ol' with word root.
Write down the structural formula and IUPAC name of tert.Butyl alcohol.
Structural formula of tertiary butanol is given below and its IUPAC name is 2.methyl propane-2ol
Some more example of Alcohol
Bahl, B S, Bahl, and Arun. Advanced Organic chemistry. S. Chand and company Ltd., n.d.
Sthapit, M K, R R Pradhananga, and K B Bajracharya. Foundations of chemistry. Taleju Prakashan, n.d.
Tewari, K S, S N Mehrotra, and N K Vishnoi. A textbook of organic chemistry. Vikash publishing House Pvt. ltd., n.d.
Verma, N K and S K Khanna. Compressive chemistry. 8th edition. Laxmi publications P. Ltd., 1999.
In the common system of nomenclature,alcohols are named as.