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The environment is the surrounding in which we live. It consists of both living and non- living things. It includes living things like plants, animals, micro- organisms etc and non- living things like air, water, soil, sun- light etc. All the living organisms get necessary materials like air, water, food, shelter, etc from the environment. The living organisms perform their all activities on the environment. They utilize the natural resources of the environment.
Development means positive or progressive change. It is the improvement of certain things that helps to meet requirements or objectives. Human beings perform all the activities on the environment. They utilize the various resources of environment for their benefit or fulfill their needs and desires and makes their life more comfortable and easy. They perform the activities like establishment of factories and industries, construction of canal for irrigation, construction of roads, buildings, and bridges, etc. These activities are known as developmental activities as they improve the lifestyle of human beings. In addition, it also degrades the natural environment. The activities of human beings affect the proper structure of the environment. These activities are not sustainable as it degrades the environment.
Human beings perform all the activities on the environment. They use the natural resources of the environment. But due to the increasing population, the natural resources are not being used wisely and economically. Human beings are using natural resources very rapidly without caring about the environment. They perform the activities like construction of roads, establishment of factories and industries, bridges, dam etc that affect the natural environment. Deforestation causes landslide and soil erosion. Developmental activities not only affect the environment but developmental activities are also affected by the environmental degradation sometimes. Flood and landslide affect the developmental activities. It also causes huge loss of life and properties. So, development activities should be carried out properly with preservation of the environment. These types of developmental activities are known as sustainable developmental activities as it does not degrade the environment.
Development activities should be carried out in hand with hand along with preservation of the environment. We should carry out the developmental activities depending upon the bearing capacity of natural resources without affecting the environment. We should not use the natural resources excessively to fulfill the demands of increasing population. We should use the natural resources very wisely and economically. If natural resources are not used properly, it degrades the environment and creates difficulties for the existence of other living organisms. It also invites various natural calamities such as landslide, soil erosion, floods etc which may cause huge loss of life and properties. So, to prevent all this problem, the concept of sustainable development has been developed.
The word 'Sustainable Development' is derived from two words, 'sustainable' which means capable of being around for a long time and 'development' means growth. Therefore, sustainable development can be defined as those developmental activities that do not degrade the environment and can be carried on for a long period of time. One of the central principles of sustainable development is living within the limits of consumption of natural resources. In sustainable development, there is an equitable distribution of resources and opportunities. It helps in realizing the interconnections among various developmental aspects and environment. Sustainable development can also be defined as the use of natural resources at present without damaging their condition for the future generations. To maintain balance among the population, natural resources, components of environment and development is the main objective of sustainable development. It is also known as retaining development or bearable development. Some of the advantages of sustainable development are discussed below,
To protect nature and natural resources with their wise and judicious use is the main objective of sustainable development. Sustainable developmental activities help to protect nature, environment and its components for sustainable development. Developmental activities should not be carried out without caring about the environment. Development activities should be carried out without destroying nature and its resources. Nature- friendly development are those developmental activities that are carried out without affecting nature and its resources. Developmental activities should be carried out depending upon the bearing capacity of the natural resources and environment.
The earth is not only home to human beings but it also supports millions of living organisms. Our developmental works not only degrade the environment but it also affects the millions of living organisms living on earth. So, it is a common duty and responsibility of every human to conserve and promote the environment. We should stop or modify those developmental activities that affect the environment.
Nature- friendly development helps to conserve nature and its resources. It not only saves our environment but also helps to fulfill the needs of human beings. According to the concept of sustainable development, the economic benefit should be gained with a limited use of natural resources. To make the developmental activities nature- friendly, following things should be done,
Only those development lasts long and becomes sustainable if they are conducted without affecting air, water, and land. Nowadays, it is compulsory to conduct development activities only after environmental impact assessment (EIA).
The concept of sustainable development was considered since a long time. In the past, before carrying out developmental activities, people used to consult seniors or specialists regarding the sustainability. People used to carry out developmental activities along with preservation of the environment. People used to plant trees on the bare and naked land. Similarly, various activities are also conducted in Nepal to make the developmental activities sustainable. Some of them are discussed below,
Any three importance of sustainable development are given below,
Any three things that should be considered to make development activities eco- friendly are given below,
Any three efforts on sustainable development in Nepal are given below,
Any three advantages of sustainable development are given below,