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The scope of environment education is also called the content or subject matter of environment education.There are different aspects and components in the environment. Among them, the biological, physical, social and cultural aspects are important.
The scope of environmental education can be divided into biological, physical and sociological aspects.They are described below:
Thus, the environmental education is related with science, economics, geography, technology, population and health education, etc. It helps to develop integrated knowledge and feeling of co- operation in the students. As a result environment education becomes practical and contextual. Environment education can be implemented through formal and non-formal educational means. The basic concepts of ecology, natural resources, population environmental health etc are some of the subject matters in this subject. The environment education helps students to develop integrated knowledge and attitude which will be more effective to the society.
Environment and health is directly inter-related with each other. Environment is the surrounding where we live. Environment comprises of land, soil, natural resources, human beings and artificial things invented by human beings. So, environment terms are plural and cover an infinitive numbers. A person is healthy only when he gets fresh food, water and air to breathe. He also utilizes environment for shelter, utilizes land to grow food to eat. This is only possible if environment is extricated from air pollution and soil pollution.
Therefore, healthy environment helps to make healthier life.
Biological, cultural and physical aspects are the area of environment education. They are explained as follows:
As population is growing day by day and the limited resources are decreasing every second. In addition, environment education as defined by UNESCO, "It is a way of implementing the goals of the environmental protection," The natural environment (system) of relationship between humans, living world and environment should not be disturbed while using the resources. Knowledge, attitudes and skills in this aspect are developed among users by environment education. It gives clear idea about the conservation of management of resources in a suitable way. Wise use of natural resources means using resources in effective and efficient way so they are utilized properly and also conserved for the future. In other words, environment education teaches us about the basic principles of conservation. Thus, environment education teaches us wise-uses of natural resources.
Environment is the surroundings in which we live. Environment comprises various factors like air, water, land, soil, bio diversity, microorganisms, other natural resources and some other abstract components created by human beings. Cultural practices, norms, values, feasts and festivals etc. are some man made abstract components of the environment. All living creatures must develop their capacity to adjust in the environment for healthy survival. The basic components needed for survival are air, water, food, shelter etc. are directly obtained from environment. People with environment each and every moment and the interaction determines their health status. So, if the environment is healthy we obtain healthy foods, water, air which upshot to healthy life.