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Different hardware and software are required for networking computer. here are some of them.

NIC (Network Interface Card)

It is a hardware device which contains electronic circuitry needed to ensure reliable communication between workstation and server.

Hub

A hub is simply a multiport repeater and is the control component of the network transmission mode.

Router

A router is a network connecting device. Although a router can transfer data between network that uses the same technology, it commonly transfers data between network using different technologies.

Gateway

A gateway is a network connecting device that interconnects two networks using different technologies.

Repeater

A repeater accepts weak signals, electrically regenerates them and then sends the message on their way.

Bridge

A bridge is the connection of hardware and software that connects the network that uses similar communication system.

Bandwidth

It is the amount of data that can be transmitted through communication channel in a fixed time period. It is expressed in Hertz.

Server

Server is the main computer that provides services, data and other resources to other computers.

Workstation

It is the place where the client works. It requests services, data and other resources to other computers.

Modem (Modulator Demodulator)

It is a device which converts analog data to digital and vice -versa.

Protocol

A protocol is a set of rule for communicating across the internet.

List of protocol

  1. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
  2. FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
  3. SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

A hub is simply a multiport repeater and is the control component of the network transmission mode.
A gateway is a network connecting device that interconnects two networks using different technologies.
A repeater accepts weak signals, electrically regenerates them anhd then sends the message on their way.
Server is the main computer that provides services, data and other resources to other computers.
Modem is a device which converts analog data to digital and vice -versa.
A protocol is a set of rule for communicating across the internet.

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Very Short Questions

Protocols are set of rules or language that the computer uses on the network to communicate and exchange data with each other. The network protocol manages and controls how communication between computers on the network takes place.

The common protocols are:
1) ARP (Address Resolution Protocol)
2) POP (Post Office Protocol)
3) FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
4) NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface)
5) IPX/SPX (Internet Packet Exchange/ Sequential Packet Exchange)
6) SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer protocol)
7)HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)
8) TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol)

The bandwidth defines the amount of data transmitted per second through the communication channel or the data handling capacity of a communication system.

A client is a network computer that utilizes the resources of other network computers, including other clients. The client computer has its own processor, memory and storage and can maintain some of its resources and perform its own tasks and processing. A server is a computer on the network which controls and manages other computers on the network. It is provides facilities of the sharing of data, software and hardware resources to other computers. The server computer must be powerful computer having higher processing and storage capacity.

A hub is a network devices having multiple connecting ports or pints. It is used to connect computers or other network devices through its ports. It acts as a central point for different computers and other devices. Hub is mostly used in the connected nodes.

A switch is a networking device that has multiple connecting ports like hub. It is used to connect computers, network devices and network segments. A switch can determine source and destination of the data packets. It does not transmit the data packets to all nodes connected on the network like a hub does. It reduces network traffic and improves the network filtering and performance better.

A bridge is a network device that connects the different network segments or different network having same protocol. Multiple bridges can be used to form a large network by connecting several small networks. It also filters the data or cheeks incoming signals and decides whether to forward the signals or reject them.

A router is a network device that amplifies the incoming signals, creates a new copy of it and transmits the signals on the network. As the cabling distance the electric signals become weak on the network, in such a case a repeater is used to amplify the weak signals.

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  • What is the full form of NIC?

    Network Interface Card

    Network Integrated Card
    Network Interface Code
    Network Internet Card
  • ______ is a network connecting device that interconnects two networks using different technologies.

    Hub

    Gateway

    Router

    Repeater

  • What is the connection of hardware and software that connects the network that uses similar communication system?

    Bandwidth

    Gateway

    Repeater

    Bridge

  • What is the full form of Modem?

    Modulating Device

    My Documents

    Modulation Developer

    Modulator Demodulator

  • What is the full form of HTTP?

    Hypertext Transfer Protocol
    Hypertext Terminator Protocol
    Hypertext Transfer Position
    Hyperlink Text Transfer Protocol
  • What is the full form of FTP?

    File Terminator Protocol
    File Transfer Pentagon
    File Transfer Protocol
    File Text Protocol

  • What is the full form of SMTP?

    Simple Mail Terminator Protocol
    Simple Modulating Transfer Protocol
    Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
    Sample Mail Transfer Protocol
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