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US President Franklin D Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in the Atlantic Ocean and decided to prevent the world from any type of war and to maintain collective peace and security throughout the world. So, a treaty called ' Atlantic Charter' was signed in the Atlantic Ocean.
4 years after the treaty was signed, on 24th October 1945 , 15 countries formally established UNO which headquarter is in New York, USA.
The UNO has 6 organs. They are:
UNO stands for United Nations Organization. It was established on 24th October 1945. The headquarter of UNO is in New York, USA. The main objective of its establishment was to maintain international peace and security developing friendly relations among the countries. It also aimed at creating international co-operation and solving various problems of member nations.
In the process of the establishment of the UN, the Atlantic charter has a great importance. While the war was going on, Winston Churchill, the prime minister of Britain, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, the president of the USA, met on a warship in the Atlantic Ocean on August 14, 1941. They had discussion on the measures to be taken to restore peace permanently and maintain security in the world. They signed a treaty for establishment of a world organization. This is known as Atlantic charter. It assumed equality among all the nations, international peace, mutual cooperation and non-acquisition of territory of another country.
The final resolution for the establishment of the UNO was signed in San Francisco in a conference held from 25th April to 26th June, 1945. The representatives of 50 nations signed UN charter. The charter became effective from 24th October in the same year.
Due to the failure of League of Nations, an umbrella organization, established on 10th January, 1920, the need of United Nations like organization was felt necessary. By the result, the United Nations was formally established that way.
United Nations Organization is an umbrella organization of all countries in the world. It develops a set of guidelines for all the member countries that they can accept an implement their programmes.
Any new county if wants to get the membership of UNO; the one has to fulfill certain procedures. Some of the terms and conditions are given below.
Human rights declaration was made public by the general assembly of the United Nations on 10th December, 1948. It was the result of different wars and attacks prior to the date.
The United Nations has contributed for the promotion of human right in Nepal. Some of the roles the UNO played are mentioned below.
After being the member of UN, Nepal has been able to get different benefits. Some of them are mentions below.
The overall activities which are carried out for economic development are called economic plan. It includes studies plan, programmes, strategies etc. utilizing available means and resources to fulfill the specific objectives in specific time period are economic plan.
There are various problems related to economic development in Nepal:
To solve the problems related to economic plans, the following measures can be suitable:
If I were the representative of the member country of the security council of UN, I would do the following activities to solve the present Syrian conflicts.
Availability of natural resources such as river system, land structure, ecological regions can be taken as the bases in naming the provinces of federal state.
The three advantages of federal state are:
Any four reasons to establish UNO are:
To make the functions of UN agencies more active and effective in the social and economic sector on Nepal, the following measures should be taken:
UNO was established on 24th October, 1945 AD. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain and Franklin D. Roosevelt, the President of USA are the two important persons who played a vital role in establishment of UNO. They discussed about the measures to be taken to restore peace and security in the world after the meeting on a battleship in the Atlantic Ocean in August 1941. They jointly issued a declaration charter known as the Atlantic Charter. Finally, UNO was established and the credit goes to them.
We can ask the following model questions to the general secretary of UN regarding the current affairs.
UNO, the only such world trusted humanitarian organization, has multi-dimensional functions. It has got 6 organs. Among them the Security Councilis establishment of the UNO, this organs work very importantly.
The structure of UNO is of two bases. On the one hand there are 5 permanent members like USA, Russia, China, Britain and France. They have got special veto power to use in special conditions. On the other hand 10 countries are temporarily elected from the UN member countries in the tenure of 2 years.
The main functions of UN are to maintain peace and security.
UNO has widened its limitation by working on various humanitarian sectors. Because of war of political instabilities and civil war, or because of natural disaster there is a condition of taking refugees in some other's land. This condition is almost prevailed in various parts of the world. It is humane and economically or socially or mentally a great affect. UNHCR is an important humanitarian agency under UNO. If was established in 1951 AD to help the refugees seem after the World War II. It provides food, accommodation, medicine and educational faculties in coordination with other agencies. It also tries to make environment of sending back or reestablish the refugee back to their respective country. In Nepal also there we have Bhutanese refugees in 7 camps. It contributes to solve the problem in Nepal are:
UNO has played a very significant role in the management of world peace. The Security Council decides to deploy the peace keeping force in the countries where there is civil war, violence. Nepalese arms have been preferably deployed in such areas. Since the inception Nepal force has been mobilized various fronts of the world such as Liberia, Kenya, Somalia, etc. To make the functions of peace keeping force more effective following things have to be done:
After Nepal became the member of UNO in 1955 AD, since then Nepal has been receiving incessant support in various sectors through various agencies of UNO. They have been working to promote the social, economic, educational sector. Below is given the list of agencies of UNO and their functions:
Right to use veto power is in the hands of the five permanent member countries of the Security Council. As the result these countries have become most powerful. This is not right. At the same time of establishment of the UNO, probably it was an appropriate step taken by the founding nations, but, now in 21st century, there are many other countries which have emerged as the new power. They also contribute to run activities of the UNO. Either there should not be any provision of such permanent membership or, it should be broadly revised including other countries on the basis of their areas, population, economic status etc. The UN Security Council should be impartial and responsible to maintain peace and security in the world.
Veto power is defined as
Which organ of the UN mobilizes the peacekeeping forces to maintain peace and security?