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Prepositions

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Preposition

A proposition is the words which usually comes in front of the noun showing the direction of the place.

At

specific time at breakfast, at lunch, at tiffin time, at dinner
an activity at school, at home, at ground, at work
rate/price He bought a dozen of pencils at Rs. 50.
fixed watch time at 1 o' clock, at 8 am, at 3:12pm
order at last, at first, at the third attempt,at the first attempt
expressions with 'end' at the end of this month, at the weekend
specific location at the desk, at the bus stop, at the hotel, at the airport
part of the day at morning, at evening, at noon, at night
certain age/speed/temperature She married at twenty-four, water boils at 100° Celsius
festivals and celebrations

at Dashain, at Chhat, at Tihar, at Birthday

towards

look at him, he waved at them

superlatives

at the worst, at its best, at least

with the expressions of place

at the entrance, at the top, at the bottom, at the end

In

colours and types She printed her name in yellow colour.
parts of the day in the afternoon, in the night, in the evening
months in August, in Bhadra, in April, in Baishak
small vechicles She will go there in her car.
within a location in the building, in the room, in the office, in the bathroom
years in 1997, in 2054, in 2010s
condition in a hurry, in good health, in love, in doubt
seasons in winter, in summer, in autumn, in spring
place thought of as an area in Nepal, In America, in Hongkong, in Switzerland
a member of She is in the police. Are you in the army?
duration/within a certain time in four weeks, in five years, in a minute, in four months
wearing the girl in the white skirt, the boy in the black coat
in a line/ row/ queue/ street She is standing in a line.

On

dates on August 21, 7th May, on 29 July
large vehicles on a ship, on an aeroplane, on a train, on a bus
days of a week on Saturday, on Monday, On Friday
physical position on the left, on the right
a state or condition on water, on fire, on holiday, on sale, on credit
to talk about films and plays What's on TV tonight?
about a book on a doctor, an essay on human rights, lecture on population growth
touching the surface of on the desk, on the wall, on his t-shirt, on her skirt
to talk about dependence or survival These insects live on potatoes.
special days on my wedding, on New Year's day, on Women's day
as soon as something happens on reaching the airport, I rang you up.
through the medium of on the radio, on the television, on mobile, on a computer
rides on a cycle, on a horse, on an elephant

Of

possession or belonging a friend of mine, the water of this river, the car of my father, the people of this village.
in the sense of 'by' I like to watch the recent films of SaugatMalla.
containing a box of chocolates, a dozen of bananas, a bag of tomatoes
cause A lot of people per year die of this disease on average.
something made from a skirt of nylon, a sari of silk, a house made of brick.
part of a group a student of this school, one of us, a member of the team.
quantity five kilos of potatoes, three litres of milk, eight kilos of apple
location east of here, the middle of the land
measurement of uncountable nouns a cup of water, a log of wood, a blade of grass

To

with indirect object Please give it to me. He sent a letter to me.
in the direction of a turn to the left, turn to the right
purpose She invited my mum to dinner.
until from Jestha to Magh, 2 minutes to 10
in order to We went to the chemist to buy some aspirin.
desination Im going to Pokhara. She has gone to Kathmandu.
add Add five to ten
as part of infinitive I like to play football. they wanted to meet my dad.
compared with They prefer tea to coffee.

With

manner She did it with pleasure/ ease/ difficulty.
giving assistance Can you help me with the washing up
having; containing Here is the book with a map of the city.
doing things competitively She always argues with me. He is fighting with his girlfriend.
the opposite of 'against' If she is with me, I can easily solve this problem.
accompanying She stayed with me. She came here with her boyfriend.
because of We were paralysed with fear.
by means of; using I repaired the shoes with glue.
physical features and diseases The girl with red hair is my friend.

By

agent (passive) The house was decorated by my mother.
near There is a house by the river. He sat by his mother.
means by cheque, by bus, by debit card, travel by plane.
not later than Try to finish the work by next month.
manner I caught the cat by its tail.
past He waved as he drove by the house.
in units of sold by weight, by the tons, cheaper by the dozen.
to the extent of I beat Sulav by 30 marks.
divide/ multiply Divede 20 by 5. Multiply 8 by 3.

For

in favour of I will for him. Are you for and against the motion.
in view of She is not fit for this post.
inappropriateness for something This is not good for you. it's bad for you.
duration of time We walked for two hours. She has been ill for three days.
distance I walked for ten kilometres.
on behalf of We should fight for the poor.

purpose

These books are for blind people. What is this tool for?
considering The girl is clever for his age.
in the direction of He left for Pokhara last month.

From

cause He suffers from nervousness. Did he suffer from heart disease?
distance The bus park is very far away from here. It's a few minutes' walk from here.
source This saying is from Austen's novel. I knew it from him.
start of a range From 5 to 15 protestors were arrested.
after or onwards The park will be open from Sunday.
place of origin They come from India. He comes from America.
being unlike His behaviour is different from his brother.
getting safety he had to take shelter from the rain. The hunter saved the girl from the tiger.
start of a period of time He was with me from yesterday until today.

Some More Prepositions

about on the subject of: This poem is about zebra in the jungle. Is it about poverty?
approximately: There are about ten students in the hall. He is about 80.
before earlier in time: He came here before lunch. Do you come here before 5 pm?
earlier in a series: A comes before B in the alphabet.
beside next to: Our house is beside the supermarket.
close to near: Our house is close to Starmall.
off away from something: The dog jumped off the roof.
towards

in the direction of: We ran towards the hill.

per for each: He drove around 80 km per hour.
past up to and beyond: I walked past the post office.
Within inside of: I will be there within five minutes. Mark within the circle.
during throuoghout a period: He works during the night.

Preposition Used in Idioms and Phrases

At

not at all: not in any way at all times: always
at first: at the beginning see at a glance: see immediately
at risk: threatened by danger or loss at this point: at this place; at this moment

In

in brief: in a few words in bulk: in large amount
in favour of: supporting (an idea) in flames: burning, with visible flames
in a second: soon; quiclkly in sight: able to be seen

On

on business: as part of one's work on condition that: only if; provided that
to go on foot: to walk get on one's nerves: annoy; irritate
on the whole: talking everything into consideration on the verge of: very close to; about to

By

bit by bit: gradually by chance: by accident; without planning
by mistake: accidentally by no means: not at all
side by side: beside one another by the way: incidentally

For

for a while:for a period of time word for word: exactly as said or written
for certain: definitely: without doubt for example: as an illustration
for living: as a profession or sale intended to be sold

Out of

out of order: not functioning peoperly out of sight: hidden; not able to be seen
out of work: no longer having employment

out of trouble: not in trouble

out of character: unlike a person's known character out of danger: safe

Some other prepositions:

to a certain extent: partly to date: so far; until now
under control: able to be regulated or guided be under the influence of: be affected by
from all sides: from all directions from head to foot: completely; all over
of course: certainly: certainly hard of hearing: somewhat deaf
off one's hands: no longer one's responsibility off and on: from time to time

Nouns followed by prepositions

For

have affection for; a reason for; have a reputation for

In

have an interest in; make progress in; take part in

On

dependence on; an attack; have pity on

Of

an example of; be part of; a token of

To

a response to; an objection to; a reply to

With

fall in love with; change places with; have a connection with

From

absence from

Adjectives and verbs in the passive voice followed by prepositions

To

devoted to; due to; tied to

With

finished with; satisfied with; patient with

About

pleased about; wrong about; happy about

For

late for; fit for; ready for

From

apart from; safe from; distinct from

Of

certain of; sure of; worthy of

At

dept at; amazed at; overjoyed at

By

caused by; written by; accompanied by

In

engaged in; involved in; interested in

On

based on; dependent on; intent on

Verbs followed by prepositions

On

blame on; rely on; report on

To

submit to; pertain to; revert to

With

agree with; mingle with; share with

At

bark at; point at; wave at

For

apply for; shop for; press for

From

flee from; shrink from; stem from

About

care about; talk about; think about

In

invest in; engage in; believe in

Into

change into; plunge into; pry into

Of

beware of ; die of; approve of

Over

preside over; trip over



  • A preposition is the words which usually comes in front of the noun showing the direction of the place.
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