Notes on Articles | Grade 9 > Grammar > Articles | KULLABS.COM

Articles

Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on Articles

Please scroll down to get to the study materials.

Registration open for Special Scholarships

  • Note
  • Things to remember

The words 'a', 'an', and 'the' are called articles. Here, 'a' and 'an' are the indefinite article and the definite article is known as 'the'. They are always followed by a noun or noun phrase. An article should be self-contained and about just one subject. There can be many articles in a publication and there may be several on the same subject. An article usually contains more information than the basic facts.

Let's know more about Articles by reading this Story and circle 'a', 'an' and 'the'

A Rising player of Pokhara

Rabindra Bishwokarma is from Pokhara, a famous place for the Tourism of Nepal. Pokhara is also the place of the heaviest rainfall. It is the beautiful place to visit. It is the second largest city of the country by population. It is also the clean city of the whole Country.

Rabindra is an intelligent student. He works hard. He is also one of the football player of the pokhara city. He is an active student of the School. He participates in different extra-curricular activities. Rabindra is selected in the National legue. In the early days, he was not a good player and his friends said it was impossible for him to be selected in the National legue. He wanted to prove that he could do it.

After, selecting for the National legue, he felt soo happy. He would like to play for the Country so that he can raise the name of the Country. All of his friends and relatives Congratulates him for the further success in the future.

Uses of A or AN

Use 'a' and 'an' with the Singular countable noun.

Do not use 'a' or 'an' with the plural or uncountable noun.

Use 'a' with a noun that starts with a consent sound.

Use 'an' with a noun that starts with a vpwel sound.

'an' + vowel sound 'a" + consonant sound

an Orange a cat

an Umbrella a lazy dog

an inkpot a gold ring

an egg a Pilot

In most cases, the letters 'e', 'o' and 'u' are pronounced as vowels but Sometimes they are pronounced as consonants

an electronic a European, a ewe, a Nepali

an ugly girl a utensil, a unicorn, a union, a uniform

an oxe a one eyed man, a one way ticket

An abbreviation whose first letter has a vowel sound comes with 'an'

An abbreviation whose first letter has a consonant sound comes with 'a'

an MBA a BBA

an SLC candidate a UNESCO office

an SDO a VIP

an NTC staff a BBC reporter

an MLA a WHO officer

Abbreviations that start with A, E, F, H, I, L, M, N, O, R, S and X often give vowel sounds. Abbreviations that start with B, C, D, G, J, K, P, Q, T, U, V, W, Yand Z often give consent sounds.

Singular countable nouns that start with the 'h' letter come with 'a' when it is pronounced but they come with 'an' when it is silent

'h' is silent 'h' is pronounced

an heir ahat

an honourable teacher a hunter

an hour a hamburger

an honest person a horse

an hourglass a house

an heirloom a hall

an hour's delay a half yarly meeting

Uses of A/AN

We use 'a' or 'an' with a singular countable noun:

→ in the sense of 'one' Saroj has a dog and a cat. (one cat and one dog)

Yesterday, I bought a shoes. (one shoes)

She bought a new shirt (one shirt)

Anju has an ox.

→ With jobs or professions Ameer is a Doctor and his wife is a Nurse.

Sharmila is a photographer.

Deepa is an engineer.

Sandhya is a successful science teacher.

→in such + singular noun: I want a nice dress.

Ravi cannot solve the puzzle.

Such type of book is essential for Children.

→ with singular exclamations: What a beautiful picture

Such a boring party

What an adorable child

→ to mean 'each' or 'every' They come here for once a month.

Renu earns ten thousand a month.

I brush my teeth twice a day.

He comes here once a year.

→ with units of uncountable nouns:

a piece of bread a lump of Sugar a bar of Chocolate

a piece of Cake a plate of rice a pinch of salt

a glass of milk a tube of toothpaste a bar of soap

a piece of wood a bottle of oil a grain of rice

→ with some phrases:

a dozen a kilo a billion

a few friends a hundred a little salad

a meter a meter a thousand

→ with these expressions

have a rest have a wash have abite

have a cold have a bath take a look

on a diet in a low voice have a pain

a small salary light a fire as arule

give an answer have a holiday take an interest in

at a loss on an average in a bad temper

make a profit make a loss light a fire

Uses of THE

Use 'the' with superlatives and with other words (ordinals, the same, the only one) which imply that there is the only one or which makes something unique
superlatives

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

When is the first flight to Kathmandu?

The next story is very interesting.

the only

Rubi was the only person who danced in the party.

Saru is the only person who solved your problem

the same

Sapana and Nargis are the same age.

They study in the same school.

My pant and shirt are the same colour.

only one in the town the city centre, the police, the army, the fire brigade etc.

Always use 'the' with the names of the following nouns.

→ Religious books: the Ramayan, the Koran, the Mahabharat, the Bible, the Geeta, ....

→ Newspaper: the New York Times, the Rising Nepal, the Gorkhapatra, ....

→ Famous ships: the Titanic, the Queen Marry, the Marry Celeste,....

→ Poltical parties : the Nepali Congress, the Labour Party,....

→ Oceans and Islands: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Oceans, the Isle of Man,....

→ Famous hotels: the Yak and Yeti, the Soaltee, the Annapurna, the Everest,....

→ Mountain ranges: the Himalayas, the Alps, the Rockies, the Andes,......

Use 'the' in the following cases:

→ Parts of the house: the kitchen, the bedroom, the dinning room, the toilet,...

→ Point of the globe: the Equator, the Norrth Pole,....

→ Inventions: Who invented the radio and the telephone?

→ Directions: the east, the west, the north,......

→ Daybreaks: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,....

→ Physical positions: the top, the bottom, the left,....

→ Ordinal numbers: the first, the second, the third, the fifth,....

→ Periods of ten years: the thirties, the sixties, the twenties,.....

→ Proper nouns when they are qualified: the great Caesar, the immortal Shakespeare,...

→ Adjectives representing social groups: the blind, the deaf, the rich, the poor, the old, the unemployed,...

→ Parallel comparatives: The more you practise, the more you learn, The more one has, the more one wants,.....

Use'the' with the following structures that make the noun definite:

→ Quantifiers + of + the +.... Most of the employees in this Office are from Pokhara.

Both of the girls have long hair.

→ Nouns with definite clauses: The Students in this list are from Dhankuta.

The juice in this glass is very tasty.

→ The + noun + relative clause: The girl who stood first is my sister.

Use 'the' with musical instruments when we talk about them in the sense of playing, learning, teaching, having lessons, instructing, etc.

Rabina is playing the piano. Saroj can play Madal.

We use a/an with musical instruments if we talk about them as possessions or objects.

Use'the' with parts of the body when we talk about their measurement, anatomy and function:

The eye is a very sensitive organ.

The heart sends blood around the body.

Use'the' with gerunds (-ing forms) and abstract nouns in the structure....of .......

The sole purpose of our Organization is to help th epoor people.

The buying of this branded shoes was very expensive.

Uses of Articles with Different Nouns

→ Proper nouns

Do not use articles with proper nouns in a general sense. Saroj flew to Singapore last week.
Use 'the' when it is treated as the common noun by Comparision. Rabin is the Shakespeare of this class.

→ Abstract nouns

Do not use articles with abstract nouns in a general sense. Education is the right of every child.
Use 'a/an/the' when it is used as adefinite idea or comes with adjectives. The honesty shown by Saroj is beyond the question.

→ Meals

We do not use articles with meals. Saru invited me to dinner.
Use 'a/an' if an adjective comes before the meal or it refers to a particular meal. Ronal does not like to eat a big dinner.

→ Uncountable nouns

We do not use articles with uncountable nouns. Sheetal likes Orange juice.
Usev 'the' if it is definite. The milk in this glass is fresh.

¸

→ Parts of the body

Use possessive pronouns- his, her, my, your, our, etc with the part of the body when it is referred to the person in the subject position.

Saroj cut his fingure last week.

Her nose was bleeding.

Use 'the' with a part of the body when it is referred to the person in the object position.

Somebody punched Susan on the nose.

Abir gave me a blow on the head.

→ School, college, chuirch, temple, court, hospital, market, bed.............

Do not use article if they are used in the Sentence for their primary purposes.

They sell fruits in the Market.

The Crimals were kept in the Prison.

Use'the' if they are used for other purposes.

He went to teh School to meet the Principal.

She found her lost ring in the bed.

Zero Article

1. We do not use articles before the name of:

Languages and Subjects Renu has a good knowledge of French.
Days and months They got married in June.
Games and sports Saroj likes to play football.
Streets and lakes New Road, Phewa Lake, Putalisadak etc.
Parks and falls Tribhuwan park, Ratha Park, Victoria falls etc.
Colours Pink, Blue etc.
Illness He died of Cancer.
Single Mountains Mount Everest, Mount Blanc etc.
Magazines Wisdom, Himal, Time, Spotlight, Knowledge etc.
Continents and Countries Asia, Europe, Nepal, China etc.

2. We do not use articles with some words:

'Nature' and 'Mankind' Someinventions are useful for all mankind.
appoint, elect, declare, make, turn(become0, etc. The teacher made her monitor.
type of, sort of, kind of, I like this type of dress.
next, last next week, next month, last year, etc
Possessives/apostrophe Saroj's bookm is on the Table.
by + vehicles (transport) Shall we walk or go by Bus?

3. We do not use articles with new headlines in newspapers and titles in notices, posters, lists, etc.

School closed for Festival (The School closed...........)

4. These expressions generally do not take any article:

at dinner at first sight at heart at home

at night at school at work by air

by post by sea by suprise in class

on foot on holiday on top of take pity on

on strike on board on top of at risk

in danger in memoryof in place of in public

in time in town make friends with make peace with



  • The word 'a', 'an' and 'the' are called articles.
  • 'A' and 'an'  are called indefinite articles and 'the' is called definite article. They are always followed by a noun or noun phrase.
  • Use 'a' and 'an' with the Singular countable noun.

  • Do not use 'a' or 'an' with the plural or uncountable noun.

  • Use 'a' with a noun that starts with a consent sound.

  • Use 'an' with a noun that starts with a vpwel sound.

  • An abbreviation whose first letter has a vowel sound comes with 'an'

  • An abbreviation whose first letter has a consonant sound comes with 'a'

  • Singular countable nouns that start with the 'h' letter come with 'a' when it is pronounced but they come with 'an' when it is silent.
.

Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

0%

ASK ANY QUESTION ON Articles

No discussion on this note yet. Be first to comment on this note