Notes on Disaster Management | Grade 6 > Social Studies > Our Earth | KULLABS.COM

Disaster Management

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Source:www.dailymail.co.uk
Fig:Disaster

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society. Disasters cause damage to human, material, economic or environmental impacts. It also exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Natural calamities make the people handicapped, kill the people and animals and different problems are also created. During such natural calamities, there may be thecrisis of food, water, and shelter. People get rid of many people if they become careful. Here are some of the measure of disaster management.

Before the disaster

1. It is necessary to listen to the information about the climate.

2. The Emergency contact must be kept in our mind.

3. The Emergency aids and things like food, clothes, medicines, radio etc are kept in the right place so that we can use them in the time of emergency.

4. We must be careful about the sudden change of weather.

5. It is necessary to listen to the weather forecast and news regularly related to the weather.

6. We must learn the ideas and knowledge about what should be done during the time of theearthquake and another natural disaster.

7. Develop the information system to get the weather information.

8. Go to the safe place looking at the condition of weather.

9. If you are near the river, look at the level of water in the river and inform by playing siren.

During the disaster

1. Stay with the family and friends.

2. Familiarize yourself with the warning signs.

3. Make sure you have a disaster plan.

4. Do not run here and there with panic. Keep Calm.

5. Be safe from electric wire, broken glass, nail etc.

6. Listen to the Emergency Radio.

7. Provide First Aid to the wounded if possible.

8.Stay Low and Get Away from Windows or Exterior Walls, stay in a safe place and wait for the help.

9. If you're driving when a warning is issued, try to drive to the closest place you can take shelter.

After disaster

1. If the situation is under control, do not return to the home.

2. Tak ethe wounded people to the hospital or nearby health centers.

3. Familiarize yourself with common disaster myths.

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Source:www.newslivetv.org
Fig:Disaster Management

4. Be aware of possible violence and criminal activities.

5. If you're outdoors, get away from tall objects that may collapse.

6. If you're in a vehicle, stop quickly, but try to stay clear of those tall objects.

7. Help in the rescue operation.

8. Listen to the Emergency regularly.

Types of disaster

Natural disasters:

Natural disaster includes floods, hurricanes, earthquakes and volcano etc. It has immediate impacts on human health and secondary impacts causing further death and sufferings.

Environmental emergencies:

It includes technological or industrial accidents. It usually involves the production, use or transportation of hazardous material. It occurs where these materials are produced, used or transported, and forest fires caused by humans.

Complex emergencies:

It involves a break-down of authority, looting, and attacks on strategic installations, including conflict situations and war.

Pandemic emergencies:

It involves a sudden onset of disease that affects health, disturbs services and businesses. It also brings economic and social costs.



  • Before the disaster

    1. It is necessary to listen to the information about the climate.

    2. The Emergency contact must be kept in our mind.

    3. The Emergency aids and things like food, clothes, medicines, radio etc are kept in the right place so that we can use them in the time of emergency.

    4. We must be careful about the sudden change of weather.

    5. It is necessary to listen to listen the weather forecast and news regularly related to the weather.

    6. We must learn the ideas and knowledge about what should be done during the time of earthquack and other natural disaster.

  • During the disaster

    1. Stay with the family and friends.

    2. Familiarize yourself with the warning signs.

    3. Make sure you have a disaster plan.

    4. Do not rum here and there with panic. Keep Calm.

    6. Be safe from electric wire, broken glass, nail etc.

    7. Listen to the Emergency Radio.

    8. Provide First Aid to the woumded if possible.

  • After disaster

    1. If the situation is under control, do not return to the home.

    2. Tak ethe wounded people to the hospital or nearby health centres.

    3. Familiarize yourself with common disaster myths.

    4. Be aware of possible violence and criminal activities.

    5. If you're outdoors, get away from tall objects that may collapse.

    6. If you're in a vehicle, stop quickly, but try to stay clear of those tall objects.

    7. Help in rescue operation.

    8. Listen to the Emergency regularly.

     
.

Very Short Questions

The five measures that we have to adopt during the time of disaster are

1. Be safe from electric wire, broken glass, nail etc.

2. Listen to the Emergency Radio.

3. Provide First Aid to the woumded if possible.

4.Stay Low and Get Away from Windows or Exterior Walls, stay in a safe place and wait for the help

5. If you're driving when a warning is issued, try to drive to the closest place you can take shelter.

The Organizations that are working for disaster management in Nepal are as follows:

Action Aid

CARE International

Concern Worldwide

Lutheran World relief

Oxfam international

Relief International etc.

0%
  • It is necessary to listen to the information about the______________.

    people
    problems
    natural disaster
    climate.
  • We must learn the ideas and________about what should be done during the time of earthquack

    knowledge
    problems
    systems
    techniques
  • If you are near the river, look at the level of water and inform by playing __________.

    guitar
    madal
    piano
    siran.
  • Stay Low and Get Away from Exterior Walls, stay in a_________ place and wait for the help.

    near
    outside
    safe
    cool
  • Do not run here and there with________. Keep Calm.

    happy
    pitty
    panic
    sad
  • Environmental agencies usually involves the__________, use or transportation of hazardous material.

    possible
    information
    careful
    production
  • ________ has immediate impacts on human health and causes further death and sufferings.

    landslides
    Flood
    Environmental
    Natural disaster
  • It involves a sudden onset of disease that affects health, distrubs____________and businesses.

    family
    disaster
    services
    information
  • Be aware of possible violence and criminal ____________ .

    awarness
    management
    activities.
    changes
  • Take the wounded people to the _________ or nearby health centres.

    home
    hotel
    hospital
    park
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