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Continent of Asia

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Asia is the largest continent among the seven continent of the world. There are 48 countries in Asia. It has the highest point on Earth, which is the Mount Everest (8,848m) and the lowest point, the Dead Sea (400 m below sea level). It is the most mountainous continent in the World. Ten of the World's highest peaks are found in Asia. The Plateau of Tibet, known as the 'Roof of the world" is the highest and largest plateau in the world. Most people of Asia are Chinese, Japanese, Indian, or Arab. The main religions include Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Jainism, Christianity, and Shintoism. The largest cities of Asia are Tokyo, Seoul, Jakarta, Dehli, Mumbai, Manila, and Shanghai. Verkhoyansk, which is in Russia, is the coldest place in the World with a winter temperature of - 70o C. Cherepunji, India has the world's highest rainfall. The land of Asia is divided into six regions. These six regions are North Asia, Central Asia, Southwest Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia. Nearly 60% of the world's population lives in Asia.

Source:wwp.greenwichmeantime.com Fig:Current Time & Time Zone for the continent of
Source:wwp.greenwichmeantime.com Fig:Current Time & Time Zone for the continent of

BOUNDARY OF ASIA

Asia is surrounded by three oceans on three sides- the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Indian ocean in the south and the Pacific ocean in the east. Asia and Europe are separated by the Ural Mountains and the Ural river. The continent of Europe lies to the west of Asia. The connection of Asia with Africa is broken only by the Suez Canal between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.The Suez Canel separates it from Africa and the Bering Strait from North America.

LOCATION

Asia is located between 10oS to 80o N Latitudes and between 25oE to 170oW Longitudes. It is located in the east of Europe, north of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

FACTS ABOUT ASIA

Area 44,387,000 sq km
Seas Sea of Japan, Bering StraitRed Sea, Gulf of Oman,Persian Gulf, Bay of Bengal, China Sea, Yellow sea
Lakes Lake Balkhash, Caspian sea, Aral sea, Lake Sea
Islands Taiwan, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, New Kurile, Honshu, Srilanka, Hokkaido, New Gunea, Cyprus
Mountains Pamir, knot, Himalayas, Karakoram, Hindukush, Elbruz, Sulaiman, Urals, Kunlun, Tien shah, Atai
Plateaus , Plateau of Iran, Anatolia Plateau, Plateau of Tibet, Plateau of Arabia, Plateau of Mongolia, Plateau of Yunnan, Deccan Plateau.
Deserts Arabian Desert, Gobi Desert, Thar Desert
Rivers Indus, Euphrates, Hwang Ho, Yangtse, Sikiang, Amur, Lena, Yenisei, Ob, Irrawadi, Salween, Mekong, Tigris.
Important Cities Manila, Guangzhou, Hongkomg, Shanghai, TokyoAden, New Delhi, Colombo, Yangoon, Kolkatta, Karachi, Kaula Lumpur, Bangkok, Singapore.

PHYSICAL DIVISION

1. The Northern Lowlands

The Norther Lowlands lies in the northern part of Asia. It extends all long the Siberian Plains

2. The Central Mountains and Plateaus

The Central Mountains and Plateaus lies in the central part of Asia. It also comprises of mountain ranges and plateau. The highest plateau, the Tibetan Plateau, and the highest mountain range lies in this area. Similarly, the Himalayan Range also lies here.

3. The Southern Plateaus

The Southern Plateaus comprises of three main plateaus in the southern part of the continent, namely, the plateaus of Arabia, the Deccan plateaus of India and the plateaus of Yunnan and Indo-China.

4.The Great River Plain

It refers the fertile formed by Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, Menam, Yangtse and Hwang Ho rivers.

5. The Island Chain

It is formed by the Japanese Island, the island of Philippines and Indonesia, etc.

CLIMATE

1. Equatorial Climate

It is hot and wet in the Southern part of Asia which is close to the equator. The Countries like Indonesia and Malaysia experience such climate.

2. Monsoon Climate

Monsoon Climate shows that it is hot and wet in summers and cold and dry in winters. The Countries like Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan and China have such type of monsoon climate. Similarly, most part of South and South-East has such type of climate.

3. Desert Climate

The Desert climate lies in the central part and the western parts of Asia. It is dry in all seasons. There is a desert climate. The desert of Arabia, Thar in india, the Gobi and Shamo of Central Asia lies in the Desert climate.

4. Mediterranean Climate

It is hot and dry summers and warm-wet winters in this Mediterranean Climate. The Countries like Syria and Turkey experience such type of Climate.

5. Arctic or Tundra Climate

This Climate is characterized in the extreme north of the continent. It is extremely cold throughout the year.

NATURAL VEGETATION

The Climate of Asia differs from place to place. As we know that the Natural Vegetation of Asia depends on upon the climate. There are different types of natural vegetation in different parts of Asia.

1. The coniferous evergreen forests are found in the Northern parts of Siberia. It is called Taiga.

2. The extreme north of Asia has a cold climate as the land remains covered with snow. It has very little vegetation.

3. The central and western part of Asia is the Arabian, Thar and Gobi desert region of Asia. Here, the only plants and cactus grow there.

4. In the middle of the Central Asia Continent, the rainfall is not enough to support the growth of trees. It is also called Steppes.

5. The Southeast and South-Asia have the hot climate with rainfall in summer. It is also called Monsoon region. These regions have mostly deciduous forests.

6. The South part of the Asia have hot and wet climate all through the year. It is also known as the islands of Asia. These regions have thick evergreen forests.



  • Asia is the largest continent among the seven continent of the world. There are 48 countries in Asia.
  • It has the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest (8,848m) and the lowest point, the Dead Sea (400 m below sea level).
  • The land of Asia is divided into six regions. These six regions are North Asia, Central Asia, Southwest Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia.
  • Asia is surrounded by oceans on three sides- the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Indian ocean in the south and the Pacific ocean in the east.
  • Asia is located between 10oS to 80o N Latitudes and between 25oE to 170oW Longitudes.
  • It is hot and wet in the Southern part of Asia which is close to the equator.
  • Monsoon Climate refers that it is hot and wet in summers and cold and dry in winters.
  • The Desert climate lies in the central part and the western parts of Asia. It is dry in all seasons.
  • It is hot and dry summers and warm-wet winters in this Mediterranean Climate.
  • This Climate is characterized in the extreme north of the continent. It is extremely cold throughout the year.
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Very Short Questions

Asia is surrounded by oceans on three sides- the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Indian ocean in the south and the Pacific ocean in the east

Monsoon Climate of Asia shows that it is hot and wet in summers and cold and dry in winters. The Countries like Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan and China have such type of monsoon climate. Similarly, most part of South and South-East has such type of climate.

The important Cities of Asia are listed below:

Aden,

New Delhi,

Colombo,

Yangoon,

Kolkatta,

Karachi,

Kaula Lumpur,

Bangkok,

Singapore,

Manila,

Guangzhou,

Hongkong,

Shanghai,

Tokyo

The Central Mountains and Plateaus lies in the central part of Asia. It also comprises of mountain ranges and plateau. The higest plateau, the Tibetan Plateau and the highest mountain range lies in this area. Similarly,  the Himalayan Range also lies here.

Asia is located between 10oS to 80o N Latitudes and between 25oE to 170oW Longitudes. It is located in the east of Europe, north of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

0%
  • The Plateau of_________, is known as the 'Roof of the World'.

    Korea
    Tibet
    Russia
    Japan
  • About _________ of the World's population lives in Asia.

    1%
    1%
    1%
    0%
  • Which is the largest continent of the world?

    Europe
    Asia
    Africa
    North America
  • Cherepunji, in _____________ has the highest rainfall in the World.

    Japan
    Nepal
    India
    Korea
  • The Central and western parts of Asia are _______ in all season.

    rainy
    summer
    winter
    dry
  • It is hot and wet in the____________ part of Asia which is close to the equator.

    northern
    western
    eastern
    Southern
  • Asia is seperated from _____________ by Suez Canel.

    South America
    Africa
    North America
    Europe
  • The extreme north of Asia has a______ climate as the land remains covered with snow.

    hot
    winter
    cold
    dry summer
  • What is the area of the Asia?

    44, 387, 000 sq km
    44, 578, 000 sq km
    44, 873, 000 sq km
    44, 378, 000 sq km
  • How many Countries are there in Asia?

    58 countries
    55 countries
    44 countries
    48 countries
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