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Present State of Agriculture in Nepal

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The Present State of Agriculture in Nepal

Nepal is an agro-base country. 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people living in Nepal. So, Nepal is known as an agricultural country. It helps in the national income of the nation. Nepalese people depend on agriculture. Almost all people have engaged in agriculture but still, they used an old and traditional method of farming. Although top priority has been given to agriculture we could not improve the status of agriculture.

Source: econitynepal.com Fig: State of Agriculture in Nepal
Source: econitynepal.com
Fig: PresentState of Agriculture in Nepal

Farmers are working hard to meet their demand and fulfill their desires. Even they work hard they are not satisfied with their income. They can hardly meet their household expenses and other expenses. They can't afford a good quality of life for them and their family. Because of low income from their occupation, they have a low economic condition. There are various reasons for not developing the agriculture some of them are as follow:

  • Traditional methods of farming
  • Due to lack of proper market
  • Lack of transportation
  • Lack of chemical fertilizers and needed things to improve the seed
  • Due to lack of proper irrigation facilities
  • Distribution of land is unequal
  • Storage facility for production is less
  • Lack of modern agricultural tools and equipment.

Thus, agricultural development in Nepal is very important to provide daily needs to the people, increase trading, slow down imports, solve the problem of unemployment and provide raw materials to industries. The development of the country depends on the agricultural development. The government and responsible sectors should give the top priority to agricultural development for its betterment and development.

Importance of the Agriculture in Nepal

Agriculture has great importance in the context of Nepal and Nepalese people. Some of the importance of agriculture are as follow:

  • About 40% national income comes from agriculture which helps to increase the living standard of the people and helps in to increase a national income.
  • It is the main sources of food for all the living being living in the earth.
  • Agriculture has provided employment opportunities and helps to run the livelihood of Nepalese people.
  • It provides the raw material for the industries and helps to increases trade in the nation.
  • Agriculture also helps to increase the per capita income of a nation.



  • 80% of Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture. 
  • Nepal is known as an agricultural country. 
  • Agriculture helps in the national income of the nation. 
  • Bering an agro-base  the main occupation of the people living in Nepal.
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Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

The four major problem of agriculture in Nepal are as follow: 

  • Lack of transportation 
  • Lack of proper market
  • Traditional way of farming
  • Unequal distribution of land

0%
  • About ______ Nepalese people are engaged in agriculture.

    78%
    68%
    80%
    88%
  • The government should help the farmer to provide improved _______ and irrigation facility. 

    crops
    vegetables
    seed
    cultivation
  • To provide ______ to the farmers, agro-based industries should be established in rural areas.

    loan
    facility 
    equipmets
    employment
  • Farmers are working ______  to meet their demand and fulfill their desires.

    frequently
    soft
    hard
    regularly
  • Most of the raw materials needed for ______ have come from the agriculture.

    industry 
    factory
    transportation
    trade
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