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We have already studied that to develop village areas VDCs are formed . In the same way, to develop urban areas municipality plays a vital role . A municipality is composed of a Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and nine or more ward chairpersons . Mayor is called the head of the municipality . For the term of five years, all the adult citizen of the municipality areas are elected. Our country has 99 municipalities at present.
Into three division municipalities in Nepal are classify on the basis of population , urban facilities and income of a city . They are
Government of Nepal can declare any urban area as a municipality which possesses the following requirements :
A Sub-Metropolis should possess the following requirements:
A metropolitan city should possess the following requirements:
Municipal Ward Committee
Each municipal area has been divided into a certain number of wards on the basis of geographical situations and population. At present, the minimum number of wards are 9 and maximum of 35. Award committee is formed in each ward which consists of the members elected by the adult citizen of the country living in the concerned ward. There shall be award chairperson, a woman ward member and three other ward members in the ward committee.
Every municipality there is a Municipal Assembly which is formed to create a plan, policy and give the budget of a municipality. Following are the members of this Assembly:
To develop urban areas municipality is formed and here, it plays an important role.The municipality is entrusted with several responsibilities and duties. Functions of municipality are given below :
His Majesty's Government of Nepal can declare any urban area as the municipal area which has a minimum population of 20,000 and basic facilities like road, electricity, drinking water and communication are available. In the hilly and mountain regions, however, the minimum population has been fixed at 10,000 people and other requirement remains the same. There shall be a Municipality in each of the Municipal area declared by HMG as an executive body of the municipal council.And the types of municipality are :
The basic requirements needed to be a sub-metropolitan city are :
i. A minimum population of 1 lakh
ii. Minimum Annual Income of 10 crores
iii.Facilities like electricity, drinking water, and communication
iv. Main Road of a city is pitched
v. Facility of higher education and health service
vi. Has minimum physical facilities for conducting national & international sports and games
vii.Facilities like gardens, parks & city hall be available
viii.Has already become Metropolis
Municipalities are formed to develop _____ areas.
A municipality is composed of Mayor, _____ and nine or more ward chairpersons.
Municipalities in Nepal are grouped into three categories on the basis of population , urban facilities and _____ of a city.
There are _____ Sub-metropolitan city in Nepal at present
A municipality is divided into nine to _____ wards.
_____ is an only Metropolitan City in Nepal at present.