Case study is the intensive investigation of a single unit. The unit may be a single a family, a social group, institution or phenomenon. The main purpose of the case study research is viewing social reality and to understand the important aspect of the life cycle of the social unit. Case study involves measurement, looking what is there and how it got there in historical approach.
In a case of study research the researcher collects the information about the units and analysis the sequences and inter relationship of the collected facts and draw a conclusion from it.
It enable us to explore unravel and understood problems, issues and relationship in a particular situations. It cannot, however, allow us to generalize the research that is to argue that from one case study, the results, finding or theories developed apply to the similar studies.
The case study research can be divided into two groups.
It seeks to discover significant variable and the relationship between them. The relationship between variables is predicated on the type of the study.
It is used for testing the relationship between various variable. Here the researcher would be seeking data perhaps from a number of different case study, situations aimed at proving or disproving the validity of the relationship hypothesis.
The advantage of case studies methods.
The disadvantage of case study.
The disadvantage of the case study are as follows.
Sources of case study.
The sources of the case study are as follows.
The nature of the source depends on the nature of the study topic.
Steps in a case study.
These steps are
Some action, correction or improvement is made and check is carried out on the situation to see what effect the change has brought about.
It gateher the enough information so as to set up hypothesis. However, case study is meaningless in researching situations where imprrtant variable have been already identified conclusively, case study lacks to determine precise relationship btween variables.
In case the same is not true, then consequences follow. Infact, this is more the faultr of the researcher rather than that of the case method.
The Scientific method as described in chapter first. It consists of four following logical steps.
Self correcftion and objectivity are the main characteristics of scientifioc study.
Drawing conclusion by the investigators have two methods of resonating. They are inductive and deductive methods. Inductive is a process of making inference from specific to general instances. There are four conditions necessary for effective induction. They are.
In deductive resonating involves from general to the particular . Two conditions are essential They are.
The conclusion drawn from searching with above condition fulfill eith stand to rigorous scrutiny.
Kerlinger, F.N. Foundation of Behavioural Research. New Delhi: Surjeet Publication, 2000.
Kothari, C.R. Research Methodology. India: Vishwa Prakashan, 1990.
Singh, M.L. and J.M Singh. Understanding Research Methodology. 1998.
Singh, Mrigendra Lal. Understanding Research Methodology. Nepal: National Book center, 2013.
Here the researcher would be seeking data perhaps from a number of the different case study, situations aimed at proving or disproving the validity of the relationship hypothesis.