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Different kings of different dynasties had ruled over Nepal during the ancient times.
The first king of Nepal is regarded as the Bhuktaman from the Gopal dynasty. After that, Mahispals, Kirants, Mallas, Lichchhavis ruled over Nepal. Altogether 29 Kirants kings ruled about 1200 years in Nepal. When Gasti, the last king of Gopal dynasty was defeated by the Nimish, the Lichchhavi king and started the Lichchhavi regime in Nepal.
The history of Nepal begins with the regime of Kirants. We have some images and stupas built by them. The civilization of Kirants had rich. For examples, Teku from Tengku,Farming from Fanpring, Banepa from Bhajana etc. They used to worship Lord Shiva in the form of Kiranteshor Mahadev. Birupakshya, the oldest statue of Nepal, shows the standardof the sculpture. The Kirant had their own script which was called Sirijangha. The holy book of Kirant is called Mandhum in which the rites and rituals which are to be followed by Kirants are mentioned. Buddhism was flourished under the Kirants.
The physical structure of Kirants was quite good. The Kirants were short but strong. They had broad cheeks, flat nose, dark eyes and thin whiskers. They developed many permanent villages in the valley. They irrigated land and raised cattle for agriculture, meat, and milk. They lived in a joint family and their major food consists of milk, meat, green leaves, vegetables, rice , fruit, and fish. They also drink wine. They enjoyed wrestling and bullfighting. They were simple in their manner and customs.
The society of Lichchhavi was based on the caste system. They separated Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya and Shudra as the major caste. People used to livein the joint family. The situation of women was high in the society. King Mandev had inscribed the image of his Bhogini in his coin. Polygamy system was highly practised. King Mandev had three wives named Gunavati, Bhogini, and KshemSundari. Satee system was not compulsory but it was practised.
Educational system of Lichchhavi period was good. Amshuverma was an educated king. He had also written a book named 'Shabda Vidya'. The Veda, Purana, Smriti, Ramayan, Mahabharat and the ancient religious epics were the main books of that time.
Both male and female could wear the ornaments. King Narendra Dev used to wear various valuable ornaments. People usedto watch various Jatras and festivals for entertainment. The practice of Baraha Jatra, Kailaskut Jatra , etc is mentioned in the inscription. Dashain, Deepawali, Buddha Jayanti, etc were their major festivals. Lichchhavis also enjoyed wrestling and bullfighting.
The name of four places which are derived from Kirant word with their ancient word are:
The education system in Lichchhavi period was good. Amshuverma was an educated king. He had written the book which is called 'Shabda Vidya'. The Veda, Purana, Smriti, Ramayan, Mahabharat and the ancient religious epics were the main subjects to be studied at that time.
The Lichchhavi society is based on the caste system. Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya and Shudra were the main castes. People used to live in a joint family. The status of women was high in the society.
From which time did modern period begin in the history of Nepal?
Who was the first king of Gopal dynasty?
How many Kirants kings ruled over Nepal?
What is the holy book of Kirants?
Who wrote the book called 'Shabda Vidya'?
What is the Kirant script called?
By whom the Gasti was defeated?
How many wives did the Mandev had?
Name the wife of Mandev.
What is the ancient name of Teku?