Concept and Process of Socialization

Meaning of Socialisation:

Socialisation helps to develop the brain, body, attitude, behaviour and so on of human being. The method which induces the people into the social world is called socialisation. Socialisation is, of course, a social process. The concept socialisation is the way which refers to the interaction of the growing people who learns the habits, attitudes, values and beliefs of the social group after he comes to the new world. From the society we look socialisation as the method where the society transforms its culture from one generation to other generation and maintains itself. From the individual way we look socialisation as the method that the individual learns, the behaviour of society develops his ‘self. The process functions at two levels first is called the infant also known as the internalisation of objects around and the second is from the outside. Socialisation is mostly looked on the basis of internalisation of social norms. Rules of society are internal to the people where the people are self-imposed in comparison to external regulation and are so part of people develops the personality. The people hence tend to feels an urge of conforming. Secondly, socialisation can be seen on the basis of necessary aspects of social interaction. In this case, individuals become socialised because they tend to fulfil the complex expectations of others with whom they are interacting. The method of socialisation cannot be developed with social interaction. Socialisation is a never ending process. Horton and Hunt define the method where internalising the norms of groups is developed by the single individual, in order to enhance ‘self-emerges, of the unique individual.

Process of Socialisation

Socialisation begins from the day we arrive in this world to the days until the day we die. It develops people from being totally reliant infants and develops our skill and ability to make people self-aware adults and teaches people to behave in the society in order to develop as a human being to act within the society and culture. Because society is dynamic so change is common and people never stop learning to behave in the society and the above reason tells us that the socialisation process never ends throughout an people lifetime. There are two different types of socialisation that occurs in the life of people at different stages. They are,

Primary socialization

Primary socialisation includes an essential stage of that every individual have to pass through. When we come into the new world we failed to understand who we are and about our ‘self’. For instance, a baby does not know that when he shake that is making the noise. Primary socialisation helps in making us self-aware and factor that arise within the baby and the people with whom they make a primary relationship for example parents and very close grandparents. A primary relationship is cordial, personal, internal and face-to-face. The people that make such relationships are known as Agencies of primary socialisation, for example, when the child starts the education from nursery school his capacity will develop fasters. The people are known as Agents of primary socialisation. G.H. describes that children grow from the stage imitation. For instance, they act like the person who they have seen brushing their hair with a brush and will have the urge to do the activities that are being done at home, like bathing and polishing and will develop their own way of ‘bathing and polishing’ as well.

Secondary Socialization

Secondary Socialisation starts from late childhood and develops until we mature into adults. It provides knowledge for all individual the way of behaving as human beings through the study of the values, norms, statuses and roles of our culture. Parsons defines that the main goal of Secondary Socialisation include that it helps to be independent with our primary agents. In other words it aware the person that he came in the stage of adulthood. Similarly to the primary socialisation it still includes Agents and Agencies but in despite with primary socialisation, it is studied from people who have no close relationship to us. In fact, it is not required to meet secondary agents. For example, a popular celebrity advertising the particular product can motivate the people to imitate them and purchase that product.

The most important differences between primary and secondary socialisation are the process where this stage is used through the people lifetime. Primary socialization has responsibility for giving us knowledge about the mechanical skills such as walking, talking and maintaining our psychological behavior by providing the knowledge of understanding right and wrong where secondary socialization gives people the knowledge of the type of our society and provide knowledge of behavior that people use within their own culture and is normally include the teens and adults. The relationship of people is with the agents who come under primary and secondary socialisation is also completely different. The open and intimate communication with the primary agency is our family. However, we must have skills and knowledge for dealing with outsider of primary agencies. This is because the different people from different location will contact during adulthood that we must deal with unemotionally. Secondary socialisation is essential as it provides the method for coping with this interaction. The responsibility and duties of primary socialisation are to teach the children about the role of gender. It is easily understandable that kid does not completely learn their gender when they are in the stage of the child until they reach to five or six years old. From when they come into the new world, infants are provided with the clues about their gender. For instance, in a research six mother were observes interacting with a 7-month kid also known as Ram. They would provide positive reaction to the baby give their playing things and the child was sweet and that he had a cry. Another group of the young mother was with their baby of the same age called the angel. The response of this group was slightly different to the first and angel was offered female toys to play with such as the doll. In fact, Ram and Angel were children who was dressed differently. This proves that the primary agents, parents have the philosophy that of children must develop within their society and culture. So here the child will have the same ideal view of children where they were raised dependant on their gender. By the time we develop to an age where secondary socialisation affects us by providing the knowledge of gender and the way where we behave in the society and in accordance with the culture. However, agencies of secondary socialisation like peer groups reinforce the roles of gender.

References

Dessler, Gary.a Framework for Human Resource Management.FloridaA: Pearson Education Asia, 2002.

https://www.boundless.com/sociology

  • Socialisation helps to develop the brain, body, attitude, behaviour and so on of human being. The method which induces the people into the social world is called socialisation. Socialisation is, of course, a social process.
  • Socialisation begins from the day we arrive in this world to the days until the day we die. It develops people from being totally reliant infants and develops our skill and ability to make people self-aware adults and teaches people to behave in the society in order to develop as a human being to act within the society and culture.
  • . Primary socialisation helps in making us self-aware and factor that arise within the baby and the people with whom they make a primary relationship for example parents and very close grandparents. A primary relationship is cordial, personal, internal and face-to-face. The people that make such relationships are known as Agencies of primary socialisation,
  • Secondary Socialisation starts from late childhood and develops until we mature into adults. It provides knowledge for all individual the way of behaving as human beings through the study of the values, norms, statuses and roles of our culture.
  • The most important differences between primary and secondary socialisation is the process where this stage is used through the people lifetime.
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