Concept and Process of Socialization

Meaning of Socialisation:

Socialisation helps to develop the brain, body, attitude, behaviour and so on of human being. The method which induces the people into the social world is called socialisation. Socialisation is, of course, a social process. The concept socialisation is the way which refers to the interaction of the growing people who learns the habits, attitudes, values and beliefs of the social group after he comes to the new world. From the society we look socialisation as the method where the society transforms its culture from one generation to other generation and maintains itself. From the individual way we look socialisation as the method that the individual learns, the behaviour of society develops his ‘self. The process functions at two levels first is called the infant also known as the internalisation of objects around and the second is from the outside. Socialisation is mostly looked on the basis of internalisation of social norms. Rules of society are internal to the people where the people are self-imposed in comparison to external regulation and are so part of people develops the personality. The people hence tend to feels an urge of conforming. Secondly, socialisation can be seen on the basis of necessary aspects of social interaction. In this case, individuals become socialised because they tend to fulfil the complex expectations of others with whom they are interacting. The method of socialisation cannot be developed with social interaction. Socialisation is a never ending process. Horton and Hunt define the method where internalising the norms of groups is developed by the single individual, in order to enhance ‘self-emerges, of the unique individual.

Process of Socialisation

Primary Socialization

It can be defined as the process in which the child becomes socialized through the family in the early childhood years .In case of the primary socialization the key agent is the family .Lets take an example: the young child in the family possess very little information about his culture and he/she is not aware about the values, practices and the social norms, they learns about the do’s and don’ts of the society via the family. According to Talcott Parsons two specific processes are conducted by the family when speaking of primary socialization and they are:

-Internalization of the society’s culture

-structuring of the personality


Secondary socialization

It is the process that start in the later years through agencies such as education and peer group. Primary and the secondary socialization occur at the different time period, in case of secondary socialization the involvement of the family will be less and other social agents or the agencies plays the dominant role. This can understood from the schools as school acts as the bridge between the family and the society and in school child learns to be equally  treated as other as they don’t get special attention as in the home .So through school child gets exposed to the actual society.



Dessler, Gary.a Framework for Human Resource Management.FloridaA: Pearson Education Asia, 2002.

  • Socialisation helps to develop the brain, body, attitude, behaviour and so on of human being. The method which induces the people into the social world is called socialisation. Socialisation is, of course, a social process.
  • Socialisation begins from the day we arrive in this world to the days until the day we die. It develops people from being totally reliant infants and develops our skill and ability to make people self-aware adults and teaches people to behave in the society in order to develop as a human being to act within the society and culture.
  • . Primary socialisation helps in making us self-aware and factor that arise within the baby and the people with whom they make a primary relationship for example parents and very close grandparents. A primary relationship is cordial, personal, internal and face-to-face. The people that make such relationships are known as Agencies of primary socialisation,
  • Secondary Socialisation starts from late childhood and develops until we mature into adults. It provides knowledge for all individual the way of behaving as human beings through the study of the values, norms, statuses and roles of our culture.
  • The most important differences between primary and secondary socialisation is the process where this stage is used through the people lifetime.

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