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Sociology and Anthropology don’t have a long history in Nepal. Since, 1981 the study of sociology and anthropology was introduced in master degree on the central campus, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur. Before this, some research works on the ethnic group of Nepal, social structure of Nepalese society and cultural studies were made by foreign scholars. During the British colonization in India, some British scholars entered Nepal and describe the vast and diverse Nepali culture and society. Daniel Wright, Col. Kirk Patrick, Brian Hodgson, F.B. Hamilton, Oldfield, and others are the noteworthy scholars who wrote about diversified Nepali culture and society for the first time and introduced Nepal in Europe in early 19th century.
During the Rana period, Nepal was known as the dark country. None of the foreign visitors and scholars was to allow visiting and writing about Nepal. Before it, during the British colonization in India, some British scholars and historians entered Nepal and studied the diversified Nepali society and culture. While talking about the sociology and anthropology in Nepal, this period is known as the age of British historians and missionaries. They were charmed by the diversified Nepali society and culture and wrote their findings. They depicted some important features of Nepalese society and culture such as:
The formal development of the sociology and anthropology began in Nepal after the fall of Rana regime. It was the fertile time for the development of sociological and anthropological studies and researches.
The institutional development of sociology and anthropology began after 1950 A.D. on the process of development of sociology and anthropology. Village development training center was established in 1953. Along with the significant political change in the 1950s, many people were provided with training and mobilized in the rural development program forwarded by the government. In such training sociological and anthropological knowledge was provided to the people. During this phase various institutions were established so has to develop sociology and anthropology in Nepal. Some of them were:
T.U in Nepal was established in 1960 but it took 20 years for the foundation of the department of sociology and anthropology under TU. The academic development for the formal teaching to MA level student was carried out. Therefore:
However, there is no remarkable progress on study and investigation through coordination with an international university. For this, the central department itself should take some initiations. Investigation and coordination with the international university contribute towards the exchange of knowledge and experience at the same time strengthening the ties between two countries.
Although sociological and anthropological researchers has flourished in Nepal after falling of Rana regime. It was existing during the period of European Missionaries and British scholars. This scholar paid attention to study diverse Nepali culture, society, and ethnicity. These studies are of prime importances as these have enriched the ethnography and other sociology and anthropological materials about Nepal and have helped us to learn about our own people and analyze their facts.
Kharel, Durga, Elementary Sociology and Anthropology-XII
Sharma, Kamal Raj, Introduction to Sociology and anthropology in Nepal-XII, Sunrise Prakasan Pvt., Ltd., Kathmandu
Pokharel, Ishwor, Sociology-XII, Ekta Books and Distributors, Kathmandu