Research is an aggregate of or as the activities that are carried out by using scientific methods in sequential order to describe an event or phenomenon or arrive or draw the conclusion about the happening of an event, phenomenon, on the basis of available information about a factor (constant) of elements involve in the phenomenon. The research is the process of obtaining the answer related to the question what ,Why, when how, where and who.
Research is systematic careful inquiry or investigation done to discover new information or relationships and expand verify existing knowledge for some specific purpose.
There are different views of the concept of a research.Some people consider it to be a crazy and personal activities that can be indulged in from time to time from the safety of armchair to access to a pile of books/journals, literature.
While for other, the term is considered with rigorous activities which are governed by the scientific methods.The first type of research helps us to keep up to date and improve our personal stock of knowledge.It established what is already known and therefore not necessary for research.The second type of research aims at developing new bodies of knowledge by using scientific approaches.
The research is the process of obtaining the answer to the question what, why, how, where, and who.The following quotations enlighten the scope of research .I keep six honest serving men, they taught me all I know.Their names are what, why, when, how where, and who.
Overall research is a systematic careful, inquiry or investigation done to discover new information or relationships and to expand verify existing knowledge for specific purpose (either academic or applied or both.)
Research commonly research to the search for knowledge.It is careful investigation or inquiry for new facts or existing facts in any branch of knowledge.
Research can be broadly defined as a systematic careful inquiry or the investigation carried out to find out the truth to create something new, or to discover new knowledge or information and to expand verify the existing knowledge.
Or research is defined in different ways as .
Human nature is always curious to learn, understand and investigation the phenomenon raising the question like such as how, what, why, when, where, and also who for any cases. The answer to these question is given by research.The method which man employs for obtaining the knowledge of whatever the unknown can be termed as research. It is a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. It is composed of the word as re+search=research which means search again and again.
There are different views about the concept of a research.The first type of research helps us to keep up to date and improve our personal stock of knowledge.It is established what is already known. The second type of research aims at developing new bodies of knowledge by using scientific approaches.
Both of views identify research as activities for the systematic approaches.
Both of views identify research as an activity for the systematic development and acquisition of knowledge.The first starts with an existing base, the second with the aim of exiting the base.While some views research in terms of theoretical knowledge, another view it as the application of the knowledge.
Research is an aggregation of activities carried out by using scientific methods in sequential order to describe an event or phenomenon.
The research is the process of obtaining the answer to the question .
A definition of research that fits different view as A systematic careful inquiry or investigation done to discover new information or relationship and to expand, verify existing knowledge for some specific purpose.The specific purpose may be academic (I,e a problem of theory) or applied (I,e problem or practice ) or both.
The purpose of research.
The purpose may be academic or applied or both.Research are carried out for a number of very good resonance of reasons are
Generating new knowledge I,e uncovering new facts or phenomenon or establishing the new relationship of a various variable. Example as
-Research for the cure of AIDS.
- Research to find out mass-energy relationship (e=mc2)
The improving understanding I,e helping to explain situations or shed light on misunderstood phenomenon or concept.Example Prepolling before a general election.
Application testing. I,e trying out concept and approaches in the real world to see if they work.Example market research of new product such as soap, noodles.
Comparing best practices I,e gathering information about successful of a subject in different circumstances and looking for the explanation.
Helping with decision making.i,e generating concept frameworks and approaches that help executives or planners to make best and more effective decisions .Example Researches made by planning commissions.
The process of research.
The process starts with some form as well as the problem of an or a question.An exploratory study free from too many biases or free conceives ideas are made. On the basis of the study, a hypothesis or a series of the hypothesis are set up. This hypothesis can be tested against reality.Having formed hypothesis researcher seeks information or data which will allow him to test their validities.
The data collected would then be analysed and subjected possibly to several statistical tests to determine whether the proposed answer hold true or not and with what degree of confidence or faith it can be accepted.The result of this analysis and deliberation would be interpreted and communicate via reports, seminars planning groups or whatever to the client.
Diagrammatic presentation on the major steps in a research process.
Kerlinger, F.N. Foundation of Behavioural Research. New Delhi: Surjeet Publication, 2000.
Kothari, C.R. Research Methodology. India: Vishwa Prakashan, 1990.
Singh, M.L. and J.M Singh. Understanding Research Methodology. 1998.
Singh, Mrigendra Lal. Understanding Research Methodology. Nepal: National Book centre, 2013.