Notes on Compound and Mixed Drinks | Grade 12 > Hotel Management > Food and beverage service deparment | KULLABS.COM

Compound and Mixed Drinks

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Compound Drinks

Compound alcoholic beverages are defined as a mixed beverage, which is blended or composed carefully by extracting flavor, color and sweetness from various fruits, herbs, plants, and nuts. Such beverages include:

  • Liqueurs
  • Bitters

Liqueurs

aquavit(sourcewww.france44.com320 × 320)

Fig: Aquavit (source: www.france44.com)

Liqueurs are sweetened, flavored and colorful spirits which are taken after a meal as natural digestive drinks, served in small quantity and used mostly in making cocktails. These are composite drinks prepared by a mixture of spirits and different aromatizing and flavoring agents. Liqueurs contain 40% alcohol, 40% sugar, and 20% flavoring agents. Herbs act as traditional flavoring agents.

There are mainly four categories of liqueurs. They are:

  1. Herb liqueurs
  2. Citrus liqueurs
  3. Fruit liqueurs
  4. Bean and kernel liqueurs

Different flavor and spirit based liqueurs

S.N

NAME

COLOR

FLAVOR/ SPIRIT BASE

COUNTRY

1.

Aquavit

White

Caraway/ Whisky

Denmark

2.

Benedictine

Yellow

Cognac

France

3.

Cointreau

Clear

Orange/ Brandy

France

4.

Chartreuse

Green

Herbs/ Brandy

France

5.

Crème de menthe

Green

Mint/ Brandy

France

6.

Grand Marnier

Amber

Orange/ Brandy

France

7.

Drambuie

Golden

Honey and herbs/ Scotch

Scotland

8.

Kahlua

Pale

Coffee/ Rum

Mexico

9.

Tia Maria

Brown

Coffee/ Rum

Jamaica

10.

Crème de cacao

Brown

Cocoa beans/ Brandy

France

11.

Apricot bandy

Golden

Apricot/ Brandy

France/ Hungary

12.

Curacao

Golden

Orange/ Bandy

Holland/ France

13.

Kirsch

Clear

Cherry/ Brandy

U.S./ France/ Germany

14.

Triple sec

White

Orange/ Brandy

France

15.

Galliano

Golden/ Yellow

Spicy/ Herbs

Italy

16.

Bailey’s Irish cream

Light Brown

Creamy chocolate/ Whisky

Ireland

Bitters

campari(souce:www.foodandwine.com1000 × 1000)

Fig: Campari (source:www.foodandwine.com)

Bitters are compound alcoholic drinks made from a mixture of spirits, various plants, barks, roots and many other aromatic agents. Bitters are usually served as aperitifs or mixed with spirits and other ingredients in cocktails. They have much high alcoholic content than vermouth.

The most popular varieties of bitters are:

  • Angostura Bitter: It comes from Venezuela in a town then called Angostura. They are used as flavoring agents in the preparation of pink gin and various cocktails. It is also much used in cooking food. Alcoholic content may be 44% by volume.
  • Campari: A pink bittersweet Italian aperitif that has a light flavor of orange peel and quinine. Alcoholic content may be 24.5% by volume. Campari is usually served mixed with soda. It is also used in many mixed drinks. The standard measure for Campari is 60ml.
  • Fernet Branca: It is strong Italian bitter brewed from mixed herbs. The alcoholic content is about 40% by volume. It is usually served straight or with soda water. It's standard measure is 60ml.

Mixed Drinks

Mixed drinks are compound beverage prepared by mixing various types of drinks, that can be alcoholic or not- alcoholic. Such beverages includes:

  • Cocktail
  • Mocktail

Cocktail

cocktail(source:www.bbc.co.uk608 × 344)

Fig:Cocktail (source:www.bbc.co.uk)

Cocktail is an alcoholic mixed drink prepared either by shaking or mixing or blending or direct building. It is made up of base liqueur, a modifying ingredient and a mixer presented with a garnish.

Elements of cocktail

  • Base liquor: It determines the type of cocktail. It consists of single spirituous liquor or combination of wines, liqueurs or aromatic wines.
  • Modifier: It gives flavor and smell to the cocktail. E.g. grenadine syrup, almond extract, tobacco, Worcestershire sauce, Angostura Bitters, mint, Gomme syrup, etc.
  • Mixer: It neutralizes the sharpness in the base liquor and perking up the drink itself and also called as fillers. E.g. tonic water, sodas, ginger ale, colas, fresh fruit juice, etc.
Methods of making cocktail

There are different methods of making cocktails as follows:

  1. Shaking or stirred method:

Put ice into the cocktail shaker or mixing glass and pour necessary ingredients. Shake shortly and briskly unless it is mixed thoroughly and strain into a required glass. There are cocktails which contain thick and cloudy elements such as eggs, creams, syrup, fruit juices, etc., cocktails can be stirred if not shaken well.

  1. Building or pouring method:

Pour the necessary ingredients directly into a suitable glass without pre-mixing, pouring layers on top of another, add ice only if required by the recipe. The ingredients are not stirred; instead, they are poured in carefully one above the other so that they appear in distinct layers in the glass. Mixed drinks made in this way are usually served with a stirrer.

  1. Blending method:

Put the ingredients into an electric blender; add crushed ice if required by the recipe and blend until the required consistency is achieved. Pour unstrained into a suitable glass. Cocktails with fruit juices, cream and egg are usually blended.

Equipment used in cocktail makings

  • Standard and Boston shaker
  • Mixing glass
  • Strainer
  • Bar spoon, muddler
  • Blender, Drink mixer
  • Ice bucket, Ice pink, Ice scoop, Ice tongs
  • Fruit forks and fruit tongs
  • Assorted glass measures
  • Wing basket, soda siphon
  • Water jugs
  • Colored sugars, assorted bitters
  • Cutting board and knife, bottle opener
  • Bar optics, cork extractors
  • Assorted fruits for garnish, muslin cloth, and funnel
  • Ice machines
  • Citrus press, drinking straw
  • Cocktail sticks, glass coasters
  • Salvers and trays
  • Wine and cocktail list
  • Napkins

Mocktail

Mocktail(souce:allrecipes.com656 × 369)

Fig: Mocktail (source:allrecipes.com)

Mocktails, an abbreviation for “mock cocktails” are festive, non-alcoholic party drinks. They blend of one or more non-alcoholic beverages. Mocktails come in many vertices such as frozen, hot, fizzy, non-fizzy and cream-based recipes.

Some of the recipes of mocktail

Cranberry Sparkle

Garnishing this drink with a mint leaf will, without a doubt, attract repeat business!

Ingredients:

1/3 cup 100% cranberry juice

Sugar

1/4 cup passion fruit juice

1/4 cup soda water

Squeeze of fresh lime or lemon juice

Mint leaf (optional)

Directions:

  1. Pour 1/3 cup cranberry juice into pitcher
  2. Sweeten lightly with sugar (to taste)
  3. Add 1/4 cup passion fruit juice and 1/4 cup soda water
  4. Squeeze of fresh lime or lemon juice
  5. Place a halved slice of lemon or lime on the rim of the glass and insert a mint leaf into the slice

Virgin Mary

A non-alcoholic version of the Bloody Mary, also known as a Bloody Shame in England and Australia.

Ingredients:

1/3 cup tomato juice

1/3 cup cranberry juice

1/2 teaspoon Tabasco

1 teaspoon lime juice

Ground pepper

Celery stick

Directions:

  1. Pour all ingredients over crushed ice
  2. Stir to combine flavors
  3. Garnish with a celery stick

Substitute a cilantro sprig, lime wedge or pickle for the celery stick.

Soda Shop Cola

Soda Shop Cola is a delicious cherry flavored cola drink.

Ingredients:

3/4 cup cola

1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract

1/3 teaspoon cherry juice

Lemon

Directions:

  1. Fill glass with ice
  2. Add cherry juice and vanilla extract
  3. Top with cola and lemon slice

Coco Colada

A Coco Colada (or virgin Pina Colada) is a non-alcoholic version of the Frozen Pina Colada. This refreshing blended mocktail is perfect for summer afternoons.

Ingredients:

1/4 cup pineapple juice

1/2 cup pina colada mix

Orange

Directions:

  1. In a blender, add 1/2 cup ice, pineapple juice and pina colada mix
  2. Blend until slushy and pour into glass
  3. Top with an orange wheel

References:

Joshi, Basant Prasad et.al., Fundamentals of Hotel Management-XII, Sukunda Pustak Bhandar, Kathmandu

Bhandari, Saroj Sing et.al., Principle of Hotel Management-XII, Asmita Publication, Kathmandu

Oli, Gopal Singh et.al., Hotel Management Principle and practices-XII, Buddha Prakashan, Kathmandu



  1. The compound beverage is also known as mixed beverages.
  2. Bitters is traditionally an alcoholic preparation flavored with botanical matter such that the end result is characterized by a bitter, sour, or bittersweet flavor.
  3. Liqueurs are alcoholic beverages that are bottled with added sugar and have added flavors that are usually derived from fruits, herbs, or nuts
  4. The elements of the cocktail are base liquor, modifier, and mixer.
  • There are mainly four categories of liqueurs:

- Herb liqueurs
- Citrus liqueurs
- Fruit liqueurs
- Bean and kernel liqueurs

 

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