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Governance refers to the system or manner the government works in. According to the World Bank 'using political power for the management of various affairs of a state is governance'. Governance describes the process of decision-making and process by which its decisions are carried out. Good governance maintains that decisions are taken and carried out in a fair manner. The decisions are directed towards the promotion of public welfare.
The concept of good governance was developed with the demand that political power should be used in favour of people. Donor nations and international financial institutions like IMF, ADB or World Bank impose good governance as 'aid conditionally' They agree to offer aid and loans on the condition that reforms for good governance are made. Good governance, in a broader sense, is to rule according to the need and wish of people as well as for their welfare.
Good governance is important because of the following reasons:
The following are the challenges of good governance:
A good governance refers to the fair manner in which a government works.
A good governance is important as it not only gives the local community confidence in its council, but improves the faith that elected members and officers have in their own local government and its decision-making processes.
Accountability is the soul of democratic government as all government and private institutions along with civil societies are essentially responsible to respective groups of people for their decisions and actions.
The obstacle of Good Governance can be removed by taking measures to remove poverty, implementing laws, coordinating government and civil society, expansion of social opportunities, etc.
The Interim constitution of Nepal, 2063 has determined the responsibility of the state for implementing good governance which incorporates the concept of political system encompassing account ability, responsibility, peoples participation, impartiality, clean and efficient bureaucracy and driving away the corruption procedural administration and impurity.
Good governance has major 8 characteristics. They are:
The challenges of good governance in Nepal are as follow:
Which one is not the characteristic of good governanace?