Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on Fundamental Duties
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Duty means doing something good for others' benefit. It is a responsibility that a person assumes to other individuals and the society he/she lives in. Rights, on the one hand, are facilities. benefits or opportunities obtained by a person from others. They are never absolute. They correspond to respective duties. For example, to get the education is your right but to obey rules of your school is your duty connected with your right to education. Similarly, someone's right is another duty. It's your parent's duty to make necessary arrangement for your education. One cannot claim right without the commitment to do his/her duties. So rights and duties emerge and go together. They can be considered to be the two sides of a single coin or the wheel of a single cart.It is the duty of every person to uphold the provisions of the constitution of Nepal.
There are three types of duties as implied by our constitution. They are explained below:
To lead a simple and honest life with the sense of respect and honours shown to others in the family, teachers, guest and strangers are a moral duty. Failure to discharge a moral duty may not bring legal actions but the bad impression from the society.
Legal duty means a duty done lawfully or as the laws require us to do. Stealing, burgling, swindling, teasing and injuring are prohibited under law. We should not indulge in all those things to fulfill a legal duty. Anyone failing to fulfill legal duties invites legal action against him/her.
Civil Duties can be divided into following four types:
The difference between rights and duties are given below:
|Right is the legal, social or ethical principles country provides a citizen.||Duty is a responsibility one does for the country.|
|Rights benefits citizens.||Duties benefit others.|
|Rights include Human rights, Child rights, Justice etc.||Duties include paying taxes, moral duties, casting votes etc.|
Moral duties are different from legal duties as following:
|Moral duties||Legal duties|
|Moral duty is a duty to lead a simple and honest life with sense of respect and honor.||Legal duty is a duty done lawfully or as law requires us to do.|
|Failure to moral duties may not bring legal actions but bad impression from the society.||Failure to legal duties invites legal actions and may also lead to degradation to their status .|
|Moral duties are: Allegiance, obedience, payment of taxes, etc.||Legal duties are: not to be negligent, to keep safe, public watchfulness, etc.|
The duties of student include:
Students should follow these duties as students are the future of the country and if they are trained to fulfill their duties from now then in the future, they will be able to fulfill their responsibility and develop the country. Students should follow these duties also because, if not followed, not only their studies get hampered but also other students.
The right to vote can be misused by voting for the wrong candidate. In an election, every vote counts and if people don't attend the election then the majority may go towards the wrong candidate and the country goes in the wrong hands. Therefore it is very essential to make sure that the right vote is not misused.