Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on Fundamental Rights
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You know the target of all democratic governments is to promote the welfare of the people. They run according to the will of the general public and provide a wide range of opportunities for public participation and progress. All the civil rights enshrined in the constitution are known as fundamental rights.In other words,the fundamental rights are basic human rights that enable people to enjoy freedom, protection, respect and chances to develop their personality.
Characteristics of fundamental rights
The following are the major characteristics of fundamental rights:
The following are the major fundamental rights of the citizens:
Right to freedom is the freedom given to the countrymen by a country. This is the freedom of expressing of thoughts, right to assemble peacefully without arms, right to move and settle freely within the state territory and many more. Right to freedom makes a person live his life without hesitation. Right to freedom makes a person capable of do anything, besides illegal stuffs.
Children's rights are the human rights of children with particular attention of the rights of special protection and care afforded to minors. Children have the right to an adequate standard of living, health care, education and services and to play and recreate. These provisions include a balanced diet, a warm bed to sleep in, and access to schooling.
Every citizen of the country have right to live and work in their country but exiling one from a country abandons him from all the rights. His crime maybe unforgivable but banishing one from a country is against the rights of people.
During Rana regime, there were no rights for human. Ranas only thought for themselves and do as they wished. If the citizens did a slightest mistake against Ranas they had to get banished as no rights for the citizens that time.
Constitution has secured the right of every community to get basic education in their mother tongue. The children will learn faster if they get education in their mother tongue. If the learning will be effective, the interest and desire of children will also increase. Child will not understand if the language of the school and their mother tongue differ. If they get the education in their mother tongue, the learning can be exchanged easily and learning will be easier. Thus, constitution has emphasized to get education in their mother tongue.
In my community, the following fundamental rights are in practice out of the fundamental rights mentioned in the constitution:
a. Right to freedom
b. Right to religion
c. Right to social justice
d. Right to education
e. Press and publication right
f. Right to property
If I were given to draft a constitution, I would add the following fundamental rights:
i) Right to employment,
ii) Right to health,
iii) Right against human trafficking and slavery.
It is because they have become one of the fundamental needs of human beings. However, many people of our country are unemployed. All people should have right to employment. Similarly, health has also become one of the basic needs of human beings. No one can live a prosperous life without a good health. So, everyone should have right to health. Girl trafficking, child trafficking and enslaving human beings have become serious problems in our country. So, every people should have right against trafficking and slavery.
The duties are:
a) Moral duties: Moral duty of a person is to lead an ideal, sacred and honest life, to respect and obey one's parents and teachers and not to have ill will against anyone.
b) Legal duties: We should not go against the law. It is our length duty to refrain from stealing, swindling, destroying others property or harming them, discriminating against people and hampering their freedom.
c) Civil duties: Civil duties include serving the nation, to abide by the law, to pay taxes, to use the right to vote.
The differences are:
|Fundamental Rights||Fundamental Duties|
|a. To adopt own religion.||a. To follow the law of the country.|
|b. To earn property under the law.||b. To use vote for the benefit to the people by the citizens.|
|c. All citizens have to preserve and promote their language and culture.||c. To live a free life.|
Right to equality means rights given to all the citizens, which says that all the citizens irrespective of sex, class, caste, etc. are regarded equal in front of law.
The special provisions are:
a. All the citizens are guaranteed with equal rights and protection of law.
b. All citizens, irrespective of religion, race, sex, caste, tribe or ideology are regarded equal.
c. There shall be not discrimination between any citizens.
d. All citizens have free access to public places, the use of wells, taps, roads, etc.
No, a right can never be 'absolute', because rights are only those with limited conditions and claims that are not recognized by an organized society as necessary for an all-round development of a person. So, rights are never absolute. There are only those claims or conditions, which are necessary for good and moral life permitted to be enjoyable.
Right to equality, Right to freedom, Press and publication right, Right to property, Cultural and educational right, Right to privacy, Right against exile, Right to constitutional remedies.
a) Moral duties: lead an ideal, sacred and honest life, to respect and obey one's parents and teachers and not to have ill-will against anyone.
b) Legal duties: Not going against the law, duty to refrain from stealing, swindling, destroying others property or harming them, discriminating against people and hampering their freedom.
c) Civil duties: serving the nation, to abide by the law, to pay taxes, to use the right to vote.
What is included in article 13?
What is included in article 18?