Notes on Importance and Shortage of Drinking Water in Nepal | Extra References > Social Studies > Class 9 | KULLABS.COM

Importance and Shortage of Drinking Water in Nepal

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Importance of Water

water'.jpg

Water is one of the essential conditions of life. Only the earth has a life because of water. But drinking water should be clean and free from contamination. If it is contaminated, it causes many diseases. The health of people greatly depends on the quality of drinking water. Supply of poor drinking water may affect the manpower provision of development because unhealthy people cannot be useful manpower. The demand for drinking water is growing with population growth and urbanization. It is the prime duty of the government to make the proper supply of drinking water to its citizens while it is consumer's duty to cooperate with the distribution system and help make proper utilization.

Distribution system of drinking water

1. Source

2. Tank near the source

3. Water valve (key) controlling water

4. Reservoir for storing water for a long time consumption

5. Tap

6. Cement-plastered region

7. Branch pipelines to supply to other taps

8. Outlet to waste water

9. Pipe for disposal of excess water

Storage of our drinking water

river.jpg

Nepal is the second richest country in the world in water resources. There are more than 6000 rivers and rivulets. Many of these are snow-fed or perennial. There are quite many lakes in our country. In the Terai and Kathmandu valley, underground water can easily be supplied. There is also good monsoon rain at least in monsoon. Though rich in resources, we are thirsty. We have not been able to make proper use of these vast resources. The poor economic condition, difficult landscape, poor technology and insufficient planning are causing wastage of water. Hardly about 60% of the people in Nepal have access to good water. The scarcity is very acute in dense cities. Kathmandu has long been waiting for the completion of Melamchi project which has been prolonging. In addition, these sources of drinking water are getting polluted due to garbage, sewage, and improper use. people are also not very aware of the need for safe drinking water.

Study this table

SN Plan Aim of the 3-yr interim plan Achievement
1 Basic drinking water service: Total population to be benefited 85% 80%
2 Safe drinking water service: Total population to be benefited 15% 10.5%
3 Sanitation service: Total population to be benefited 60% 43%

Things needed

Nowadays there is a shortage of drinking water due to an explosive growth of population. The government should give topmost priority to the supply of safe drinking water. Large projects should be launched with international assistance for the supply of water in large city areas. Consumers must be alert about water leakage and environmental pollution. Uncontrolled urbanization also needed to be checked.



  • Water is one of the essential conditions of life.
  • Nepal is the second richest country in the world in water resources.
  • Source, tank near the source, water valve controlling water, reservoir, cement plastered region, branch pipelines to supply, an outlet to waste water and pipe for disposal of excess water are the distribution system of water.
  • Poor economic condition, difficult landscape, poor technology and insufficient planning are causing wastage of water in Nepal.
  • The sources of drinking water are getting polluted due to garbage, sewage, improper use and lack of awareness about the need for safe drinking water.
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Very Short Questions

0%
  • In distribution pipes, drain valves are provided at

    anywhere possible
    lower point
    higher point
    junction point
  • How many rivers and rivulets are there in Nepal?

    about 600
    less than 6000
    more than 6000
    about 450
  • How many percentage of the people in Nepal have access to good water?

    about 60%
    about 90%
    about 70%
    about 40%
  • How much percentage is achieved of 3-yr interim plan in the sector of basic drinking water service?

    >80%
    60%
    50%

  • Life is possible in earth because of

    Water
    Food
    Culture
    Sanitation
  • What is the most common waterborne disease?

    Diarrhoea
    Measles
    Dysentery
    Pneumonia
  • Why is the demand of drinking water not enough in the capital?

    Contamination
    Pollution
    Waterborne disease
    Population growth and urbanization
  • How can the supply of drinking water be provided in our country?

    Waiting for monsoon rain
    Launching water projects and preventing water leakage
    Preventing pollution
    Expanding cities
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