The earth is our common home where survival and development are possible without the environment. But the environmental resources are limited and have certain technological discoveries, human needs are always growing. The earth cannot be made bigger and richer to supply our growing needs. On the one hand, our development activities should be enabled to continue in the long term. On the other hand, the future generations must get what we have got. So we must use the resources wisely, carefully and responsibly to let our coming generation live the comfort we lived. This is called sustainable development.
The concept of sustainable development is new though it has been somewhat practiced even by the people of the distant past. Excessive utilization of the natural resources and their destruction taking place in the modern time made the environmentalist anxious. They began to advocate for better exploitation of nature. However, the term was first used in 1980 by the World Conservation Strategy which explained sustainable development as a path to human progress that has the capacity to continue in the long term. Later in 1987, the term got international reorganization through the report from the Brundtland Commission chaired by the Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland. According to the report, sustainable developing is an economic and social development that meets the needs of the current generation without under determining the ability to future generations to meet their own needs.
The need and importance of sustainable development are to balance our economic, environmental and social needs, allowing well-being for now and up-coming generations.Sustainable development encourages us to conserve and enhance our resource base, by gradually changing the methods in which we develop and use technologies. Countries must be allowed to meet their basic needs of employment, food, energy, water and sanitation.It implies those ways in which development activities does not cause damage to the environment. No doubt it sets certain limits on the human activities. When supply cannot be increased the needs must be reduced; there is no other way out. Sustainable development increased the use of perpetual natural resources and decreases that of the non-renewable ones. It makes careful management of the renewable natural resources. Sustainable development brings harmony between human beings and nature. Needs of people are better fulfilled and it makes human consumers realize the value of nature. Sustainable development ensures the meaningful investment of capital and other means because development is smooth and durable, and the environment is protected. But sustainable development brings conflict between the human beings and nature. Money invested is wasted because development cannot be durable. Instead brings troubles like the ones explained in above example.
There is no alternative to sustainable development. But the job of environmental care cannot be left to no one or two individuals or countries. As our distant forbears collaborated for obtaining food and warding off wild animals, we need to collaborate today both in meeting our needs and in environmental protection. A Greater level of collaboration is needed to manage to tackle great environmental changes such as climate change. Countries at their individual levels should integrate conservation activities. Private sector which controls national economy to a large extent should also be responsible towards environmental care.
Our religions imply that forest, land, water, etc must be reserved and preserved as they preserve life. Respect for the environment should be developed among all human consumers. Civil societies should give pressure to the government towards building proper co-ordination among population, resources, environment and development.
The Earth is one but there are various faces of the world. We all depend on one biosphere for sustaining our lives as it provides fresh water, clean air, land for food production, living space for human being but all these are under pressure because of the world population' increasing consumption and pollution. Economic development threatens natural resources like forests, minerals and rivers which directly affects our survival and development.
Environmental resources are limited and have certain carrying capacities but due to the explosive growing population and large scale technological discoveries, human needs are always growing. To fulfill our luxurious needs we are degrading the environment but cutting trees for housing and other purposes, using private vehicles instead of public vehicles, overusing marginal land etc. Due to which environment is getting polluted. This directly affects our health by causing us many diseases like asthma, lung cancer etc., which lessens our healthy years of survival. An unhealthy person is not capable of developing a country. Development of a country halts if the citizens of the country are unhealthy. Therefore degrading the environment means affecting our own lives and development of the nation.
Sustainable development is a path for economic and social development that meets the needs of the current generation without undermining the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Sustainable development is important as it saves national budget, fulfills the need of people, conserves natural resources, helps in the coordination between the natural resources and people and conserves natural resources for future generation. It also makes careful management of the renewable natural resources and brings harmony between the human beings and environment.
The three vital aspects of sustainable development are as follows:
The villagers are repenting for constructing the road which went through a hillside and would be shorter as well as cheaper as they didn't have to gravel the road. As the geographical structure of the land was not strong enough to bear summer rain the road was badly damaged and the forest area was destroyed. Not only this, the private land was buried in mud and stones. The road could not be further used.
The methods of sustainable development are as follows: