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Musical Instrument produces melodious sound. They make the songs very pleasant to the ears. They are played when songs are sung during festivals, jatras, and marriages and according to the place, caste, religion and culture.
Traditional Nepali musical instruments can be divided into three general categories:
The descriptions about the Nepali musical instruments into these three groups are given below:
The Madal is a very popular instruments of Nepali Life. Magars were first community to use it, but now it has become common to all communities. It is made of a hollow wooden cylinder with its both open sides covered with skin. It is hung round the waist and played with both hand
The Basuri/Murali is a popular musical instrument all over Nepal. It is made up of thin hollow bamboo pipe. One end of it is cut obliquely and small piece of wood is pushed into it. A rectangular hole is made on the opposite side of the mouth. A little away several small holes are made. The other end remains open. The Murali is played by holdling its oblique end between lips but the Bansuri is played through by blowing.
Sahanai: This musical instrument is made of metal. It is played by putting it between the lips and by blowing. The music it products is very sweet. It is the leading Panchai Baja.
Tyamko: The Tyamko is like a damaha / nagara but small in size. It is beaten by two drumsticks.
Nagara/Damaha: It is a large kettledrum made of copper and covered with skin. It is played by hitting with a strong stick.
Narsinga: The Narsinga is a musical instrument like a horn. It is made of copper. It half circle in shape. It is blown at one end. The longest available narsinga is at Kaskikot, Kaski. It is about nine feet long.
Jyali/Jyamta/Jhurma: It is made of a bronze metal. It has two pieces. It is played by hitting one piece with another.
The sarangi is originally the traditional musical instrument of the ganarvas and is very popular to them. It is especially made of the wood of khirro. It has four strings. It is played by rubbing a bow on the wires.
Nowadays, Panche Bajas are being displaced slowly by western musical instruments. Now we should play a vital role in conserving them. The roles to be played by us the use of them are:
|Tyamko||This is the smallest musical instruments of Panche Baja and Naumati Baja. It is a radius of wood of about the span of thumb and the pinky finger wrapped by leather. It is played by hitting on it with a Gajo.|
|Damaha||This is also one of the musical instruments of Panche Baja. It is made up of wrapping leather on radius of copper. We should make it dump for one or two days to be played well by hitting with a Gajo.|
|Jhyali/Jhyampta/Jhurma||This is another musical instrument from among the Panche Baja. It consists of two pieces of bronze which is played by hitting one to another in different tunes.|
|Sahanai||This is most popular musical instrument of Panche Baja. It is made up of the combination of metal and wood. It produces imploring sound while blowing by putting between the laps. The people of Dhading district called it Tipshane.|
|Narsinga||This musical instrument also fails under the group of Panche Baja. Made of copper, it resembles the shape of half moon. This kind of musical instrument bears gradual expansion to the lower part. It is played by blowing it.|
Recently a wedding ceremony is going to be organized in my locality. Here, there was a contradiction of opinions among the youngsters and matured ones regarding the use between Panche Baja and band Baja. As such I suggested the following ways: