Advantages and Disadvantages of Partnership Firm

Advantage of Partnership Firms

  • Easy to get loan
  • Sufficient Capital
  • Incentive to work
  • Effective Management
  • Facility of loan
  • Flexibility
  • Secrecy
  • Prompt decision
  • Equal right of partners
  • Easy to dissolve

  • Easy to start

A partnership form can be started by making the agreement between partners and concern department of Nepal government. This business does not require complex legal procedures for an establishment.

  • Sufficient Capital:

In comparison to sole trading concern, partnership can generate sufficient capital for business. Different partners have the different source of money. Because of this, partnership can generate too large sum of money for its establishment of growth and its expansion.

  • Incentive to work:

In partnership business, the partners are directly or indirectly involve in business activity. That partner who directly (actively) involve in business will get salary as well as share in profit. Therefore, a hardworking partner will get the incentive in the form of profit share.

  • Effective Management:

The works and responsibilities of partnership firms are divided among the partners. Different partners are allocated different work responsibility. This helps to bring effectiveness in the management of the business of an organization.

  • Facility of loan:

As partnership firm is established by two or more than two people i.e. the size of the partnership is comparatively large. The goodwill and reputation are also high,because of this, a partnership firm has the large source of the loan. It can generate sufficient money for expansions growth.

  • Flexibility:

Partnership business is more flexible than sole trading concern because the business can be easily financed for growths and expansion. On the other hand, partners may go out or come into business but the partnership business is not affected.

  • Secrecy:

In the partnership, there is no legal obligation to partners to publish its finance information, if the partners intend to keep information secret. It is possible to maintain information secret.

  • Prompt Decision:

As the partners are directly involved in business activity, they are readily available for decision making. Because of this, partnership firm has higher chances of getting the prompt decision. This could be much more beneficial for the emergency situation.

  • Equal rights of partners:

The concept of minority and majority is not allowed in partnership. All the partners have equal rights to participate in decision-making and involve in business activity. The concept of share is applied only in profit distribution.

  • Easy to dissolve:

A partnership business can be dissolved after making the agreement between partners regarding the dissolution of a business. The dissolution of partners does not require any complex legal procedure.

Disadvantages of Partnership

  • Limited capital
  • Unlimited liability
  • Difficult to transfer share
  • Uncertain existence
  • Lack of public faith
  • Problems of dispute
  • Lack of prompt decision
  • Disk of implied authority
  • Limited Capital:

As the partnership business is established and managed by few partners it has less chance of accumulating a large amount of capital. In comparison to the joint stock company, partnership has less capital.

  • Unlimited liability:

The liability of partnership firm is not limited to the property of a business. It means the partners are required to sell their personal property in case of more debt over the property of a business.

  • Difficult to transfer share:

The share of the partnership is only transferable after the agreement of own partners. A partner wishing to sell the share of a partnership must get consensus before selling it. Therefore, it has difficulty in share.

  • Uncertain existence:

A partnership business may face dissolution in case of death, insolvency or mental or physical illness of active partners. The partnership of business could be shut down by the partner after making the agreement between them. Therefore, it has uncertain existence.

  • Lack of public faith:

Since the partnership business has limited sizes, non-existence in the eye of the law, it has less public faith. Public don’t believe in partnership business as much as the joint stock company because it has difficulty in both expansion and growth.

  • Problem of dispute:

Even though partnership business firm is firm by the agreement of partners, the partners may not agree all the time. The partners may disagree (dispute) regarding dispute of profit/use of authority. This dispute between partners may create problem in existence of business

  • Lack of prompt decision:

The partners are required to build consequences before making any decision in the partnership business. For this, all the partners must be together to discuss the matter of business. It takes a long time and brings delay in decision making.

  • Risk of implied authority:

In partnership business, active partners authorized to make a decision on behalf of business other partners. There is no certainty that active partners will make a decision for the betterment of the business. There is a risk that active partners may take a decision on personal benefits. Therefore, a partnership has the risk of implied authority.


Khanal, Soma Raj, Surendra Thapa Aslami and Sitaram Dhakal. Business Studies. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan, 2067.

Pant, Prem R., et al. Business Studies. Kathmandu: Buddha Academic Publishers and Distributors Pvt. Ltd., 2010.

Advantage of Partnership Firms

  1. Easy to get loan
  2. Insufficient Capital
  3. Incentive to work
  4. Effective Management
  5. Facility of loan
  6. Flexibility
  7. Secrecy
  8. Prompt decision
  9. Equal right of partners
  10. Easy to dissolve

Disadvantages of Partnership

  1. Limited capital
  2. Unlimited liability
  3. Difficult to transfer share
  4. Uncertain existence
  5. Lack of public faith
  6. Problems of dispute
  7. Lack of prompt decision
  8. Disk of implied authority
  • __________are the characteristics of partnership business.

    Two or more persons
    Unlimited liability
  • Which one is not a characteristics of partnership business?

    No profit sharing
    Two or more persons
    Unlimited liability
  • Which one is the characteristics of partnership business?

    Single Ownership
    Sole Management and Control
    No profit sharing
    Sharing of profit/loss
  • _______________are the merits of partnership firm.

    Easy to commence and dissolve
    Effective management
    Adequacy of capital
  • ___________are not the merits of partnership firm

    Adequacy of capital
    Single ownership
    Easy to commence and dissolve
    Effective management
  • ________is the disadvantage of partnership firm.

    Limited capital
    Chances of misunderstanding
    Uncertain life
    Limited liability
  • Who one is not a disadvantage of partnership firm?

    Delay in decision
    Limited liability
    Unlimited liability
    Chances of misunderstanding
  • _________are the disadvantage of partnership firm.

    Lack of public confidence
    Delay in decision
    Uncertain future
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