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Consumer health is a recently introduced subject in the context of our country. It has been started in Nepal with the objective of making consumers aware of their health. In the beginning, the concept of consumer health was initiated keeping in mind the adverse effect to consumer while buying and using the medicines randomly. Now, the scope of consumer health has been widened as it deals with all kinds of health problems created due to the consumption of the goods and products available in the market.
The person who avails the services or purchases the available goods from the market is called a consumer. In this sense, all of us at one time or other purchases goods and services, and thus we all are consumers. In other words, we may say that the consumer is the individual who purchases goods and services from the market for the personnel or family needs without the interest of profit. People buy food and drink, articles, clothes, medicines, etc. and use the health services facilities and workers. Needs of the people are unlimited. So, to fulfill their needs they go to the market and purchase goods and use the services according to their knowledge, capacity and available resources. In this regard, it is observed that the consumers but their goods from the shopkeeper or merchant, who has the motto of gaining maximum profit from the minimum investment, and thus he tries to sell low quality product through various ways which may be harmful to the consumer's health. Consumer health is a social movement seeking to secure rights and powers of the buyers in relation to seller of goods and services. Thus, consumer's health is condition of health, which is affected by consuming goods and services available in the market.
In fact, consumer health deals with the decisions of the individuals made about the purchases and use of the available health products and services that will have a distinct effect on their health. In involves the economic or monetary aspects of health over which individuals have control. In brief, we can say that, The term consumer health refers to that are of health teaching concerned with giving consumers a background that will enable them to make sound decisions in the selection, purchase and use of professional health services and products.This also includes a consideration of health advertising by mass media of communication aimed at influencing such choices, and the topics of misinformation, misconceptions, fake quackery and superstitions which influence health attitudes and consequently health practices.Consumer health education has been becoming more important day by day due to its following advantages.
Consumer health is a social movement which preserves the right and strength of the consumer. Consumer health encourages seller and merchant to protect health of consumer by providing quality product and services. It is considered with selection of products and services. Consumer health education enables consumers for proper selection of goods and services and makes seller responsible to consumer health.
Thus, consumer health is an indispensible human right. It is related to preservation, protection and promotion of consumers from the harmful effects of low quality food.