A reporter is a person who gathers information and writes about it. A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in the mass media. A reporter is a person who writes news stories for a newspaper, magazine, etc and also tells news on the radio and television. Reporters gather their information in a variety of ways including tips, press releases and witness events. They perform research through interviews, public records, and other sources. The information gathering part of the job is sometimes called “ reporting” as distinct from the production part of the job.
To become a good reporter, h/she usually should have a college degree. The degree is often in journalism, but it is not compulsorily. While hiring reporters, editors give much weight to the reporter’s previous work. Their work can often make them into minor celebrities. Most reporters earn less salary. Reporters must exercise their multiple responsibilities with sincerity and honesty. The competent reporters follow the principles of writing in good form and style.
Reporters are always in the midst of the real action. They face the finest as well as the worst situation. They usually meet with the most powerful leaders or the most famous celebrities. They face danger and death with courage and dedication. They are always curious and adventures. The news report eventually lands on the news desk. The process of editing comes into operation, through a series of steps produces a package of information ready for the mass communication.
Some of the common qualities of reporter as follow:
1. Quality education
To become a good reporter they must complete their graduation in journalism as the major subject. Otherwise, they have to get some training course on journalism. They must be quick in writing down the facts.
2. Good Health
Good health is the another common quality of all the reporters. Sometimes the Reporters have to wait long to get the news. They also don’t get time to sleep, sometimes. So, they must be careful to maintain their health.
3. Stress management
Today, stress is a big problem to many people. Reporters go and meet different people to interact, so sometimes they themselves may lose their temper. Sometimes they may lose their public relations, audience and news source. The reporter should speak politely. They should be patient and contingent to handle the situation.
The reporters must be punctual as the media house itself is a timely organization. Reporters must meet the deadline to publish or broadcast the news. Otherwise, they will lose the important news. The value of news may remain no more if the suitable chance is missed. Reporters must be like the needle of the watch, it must run with the time likewise, the reporters should be able to report on time .
5. Firm determination
A firm determination is a basic factor for the news reporter. News media always run with first and foremost basis. If the reporter loses a news, not only the reporter but the media organization will go behind in the competition market. Reporters should not rest until they find the news completely.
Discipline is one of the major ornaments of the reporters. They should not forget their goal of being the successful reporter. They must go anywhere at any time to collect important news. Therefore, self-discipline is very important to control and guide them to the right path of reporting.
Reporters should be sincere in each and every task of reporting .They should do what the journalistic ethics allow them to do and don’t do something that they promised to avoid.
Credibility is something that every good reporter should have. In other words, a reporter must exhibit characters and behaviors that make him or her trustable person in the society.
9. Courage and Confidence
Without courage and confidence, it is difficult for a person to be a good reporter.A good reporter should be courageous and confident. Timidity on the part of any reporter will get them nowhere.
10. Experience and Efficiency
A person who is experienced must be efficient also. A reporter endowed with such two qualities can perform his reporting with quality and standard.
Every reporter is supposed to have qualities. Some of them have special qualities. Some of the special qualities that are to be in reporter are as follow:
1. Nose for news
The nose of the news is the most important quality for professional reporters. The good reporters must have to have good news hunting capacity. They must be careful to find out what is strange and unique to many people. Even a tiny matter can be big scandals news if a good reporter really tries to dig out the roots. Good reporters should have the ability to disseminate the good news .
2. Curiosity, alertness, and impartiality
Good reporters must be curious. They enjoy reading and appreciate the details. They are always alert to all probable news, news sources and news sense. They are quick to reach the destination, where important news can be available. They are equally critical to inspect and evaluate all related sides of the news story.
3. Intelligence and Courage
Good reporters must be intelligent and courageous. Courage helps them to develop a skin to deflect the inevitable criticism. They must write something that may hurt someone’s prestige but not the ethics of the journalism. Intelligence is also the most important attribute a reporter could have. Similarly, courage is necessary to stand corrected, courage to take criticism, courage to grow with the experiences, courage to accept what you don’t understand.
4. Language expertise
Good reporter should learn to communicate idea in correct and effective language. They should write in simple, direct pose without using complicated sentences. A good reporter should report in such a way that the targeted audience can understand. Otherwise, his news will not make any sense. We know that a good student is a half journalist. He has the sense of journalistic presentation. So, a reporter must be a language expert.
5. Handling media equipment
The Professional reporters must know how to operate Dictaphone, digital movie camera, mobile and satellite phones, essential computer programming like the word, excel, power-point, page maker, photoshop, Dreamweaver etc. He must have knowledge of English/Nepali typing skills, knowledge to operate email and the internet etc.
6. Faithfulness and Neutrality
The Report must be free from biased information. The information provided in the report must be reliable and valid. False, invalid and biased information are supposed to hamper the decision .
7. Knowledge of Structure and Presentation
How to write down all relevant and necessary information maintaining a proper structure should be known to a good reporter. He must know how to present the facts and information in a simple but effective way. So, Knowledge of structure and presentation are necessary qualities to be possessed by a reporter.
Making a good and perfect report is a complicated task. It may need time and labor. A good reporter should have such patience for completing the task properly and timely.
BUSINESS CONSI. Copyright 2011-2016. Electronic. 18 07 2016 http://bconsi.blogspot.com/2013/06/essential-features-or-qualities-of-good-reporter.html
Khadka, Binaya Devkota, and Leelawati. "News Reporting." Acharya, Copyright B.B. Mass Communication, and Journalism. Kathmandu, Nepal: Pradhan Book House, 2011. 205-207. Electronic.