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Safe motherhood is considered as an important part of reproductive health. It includes various measures used to protect a mother from the problems related to pregnancy and delivery. A mother has to struggle for life while giving birth to a child. In this context, the International Convention on Population and Environment held in Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, has reported the death of annual five lakhs women in the world from the problems related to pregnancy in the decade of 1990. Moreover, a target is made to reduce this rate to 1. 25 lakh by 2015 A.D. Safe motherhood is the part of reproductive health and rights. It is the process of giving birth without any harm and injury during delivery and the cases done during pregnancy. In Nepal, many females die each year due to the complicated pregnancy and the problem of childbirth. To achieve this goal, mother's health should be made well. She should be provided with the nutritious diet. She should properly care in every respect of the complications. Safe motherhood is series of guidelines consequences during delivery.
It teaches us to perform the following aspects:
Safe motherhood begins before conception with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle and continues with appropriate prenatal care the prevention of complications when possible, and the early and effective treatment of complications.
Safe motherhood is one of the most important aspects of reproductive health. Worldwide statistical records reveal that every year about five lakhs women die due to pregnancy complication. Women died per one lakh, whereas, in developed countries only 26 died in one lakh. Early pregnancy, short interval between each birth and maximum number of birth are the major problems responsible for the higher mortality of mothers.
Safe motherhood can be defined as the process of protecting a mother from complicated pregnancy, child birth and recovery. Moreover the term, 'motherhood' refers to the state of being mother, and the term 'safe' refers to the condition of being protected from danger or harms. Thus safe mother hood refers to the harmless and well protected state of being true.
The following points must be considered for safe motherhood: