Birth, also known as parturition, is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth new ones. It is an important component mainly related to fertility. It is the process of producing offspring. In a country, if the women they are producing more babies then it means the size of the population is growing or the size of the country is changing. There are different factors which affect Birth. Like socio-cultural, environmental and economic. The factors which affect them are given below:
Society is the place where we learn and get different types of knowledge. Every society says something about social values, beliefs, and traditional norms. Social practices and religious values regarding fertility come under this group:
Climate: The people living in the hot climate have the high level of fertility rate than the people who live in the cold climate. It is seen that the women in hot climate become early matured and fecund than the women in the cold climate. The number of babies is more in the hot region. Whereas the number of babies is less in a cold region. The size of the population in the hot region is growing fast in comparison to the cold region. So, the climate is considered as one of the important factor affecting the population.
The determinants of fertility are as follows :
Population study remains incomplete without fertility or birth . It is birth that is responsible to replace the old people with young ones . So , that the biological replacement is possible only through of people . It maintains human society . The society which have more death then birth will face danger ofof becoming extinct . So, fertility is important to save society and human civilization.
Economic factors concern about earning or involvement in the activities that provide monitory profit to the family . In under developed and developing countries where education and awareness level of people is low at par, more number of members in a family is taken as wealth of the family . Uneducated people give birth to more number of children to get help in their household works , farm , land etc. So, economic factor largely helps to increase fertility rate .
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