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Taxonomy: The functional science that deals with the identification classification and nomenclature of living things is called taxonomy.
Classification: The systematic arrangements of living things into different groups based on their closely related characters are called classification.
Nomenclature: the process of giving scientific names to the living beings is called nomenclature.
Binomial system of nomenclature: The process of giving scientific names to the living beings by using two Greek words which are for genus and species is called binomial system of nomenclature.
Genus: The group of closely related species is called genus.
Species: The groups of organisms that are morphologically identical and sexually isolated are called species.
E.g. Homo sapiens (Electronic) Homo sapiens (when handwritten)
|Common name||Generic name||Specific name|
Any living organism is given two names, the first name is Genus and the second name is Species. Both these names are in Latin. This process of giving two names of any living organisms is called binomial system of nomenclature. The scientific name of mango is Magnifera indica and that of frog is Rana tigrina.
The plants that do not bear flower or have no or less developed vascular systems are called cryptogams. Cryptogams are divided into three divisions- Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta.
The scientific name of mustard plant is Brassica campestris.
The branch of science that deals with the study of classification of living organisms is called taxonomy. The largest taxon is 'kingdom'.
Those organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring are said to belong to one species. Homo sapiens (Humans) and Rana tigrina (frog) are the two examples of species.
Cryptogam consists of all non flowering plants. These plants are simple and most of them lack vascular bundles. As ferns bear vascular bundles to conduct water, mineral, photosynthesis products from one part to another, they are considered as the most developed cryptogams.
Fern plants belong to pteridophyta of cryptogams. These plants are often called amphibian plants because of their habitat. They are mostly found in cold, moist and shady places.
The science which deals with the identification, nomenclature and classification of plants and animals is known as taxonomy or systematic biology. Caroleus Linnaeous is regarded as the “Father of Taxonomy”.
Any living organism is given two names, the first name is Genus and the second one species. Both these names are in Latin. This process of giving two names to any living organism is called binomial system of nomenclature.
The arrangement of taxonomic groups in their proper order according to their taxonomic character is called taxonomic hierarchy. The basic components of taxonomic hierarchy are classification, identification, description and nomenclature.
The arrangement of living beings (plants and animals) into groups based on the particular characters is called classification of living beings.
Any two importance of classification of organisms are:-
The three significances of binomial system of nomenclature are as follows:-
A group of organisms living in an area and capable of breeding together can be termed as species. The species is fundamental unit of classification.
The scientific name of human being is Homo sapiens.
The plants that do not bear flower and have no or less developed vascular systems are called cryptogams. Cryptogams is divided into three divisions:- Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta.
The scientific name of mustard plant is Brassica campestris.*
Kingdom - Plantie
Sub-kingdom - Phanerogams
Division - Angiosperms
Man Generic name is Homo but the specific name is ______.
The functional science that deals about the identification classification and nomenclature of living things is ______.
Dividing elememts in different groups according to their similarities and dissimilarities is called ______.
arrangement of elements
distribution of elements
classification of living beings
classification of elements