Please scroll down to get to the study materials.
Natural resources are very large in their types and importance. People use natural resources for their benefits. Each natural resource has its own importance.
Air is colorless, order less, and tasteless mixture of gases found in the earth's atmosphere. It forms a layer on the earth above land and water surface. It comprises 78 % nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.03% carbon dioxide, 0.1% other 4 gases and water vapor.
The importance of air are given below:
It covers about seventy one percent of the earth's surface. Water is used use for drinking and other human activities, growing crops, and most in industrial used. In Nepal, people have the severe problem of drinking water practically in the urban areas. Sources of water is degrading where as the demand of water is increasing for the growing population.
The importance of water is given below:
It is essential natural resource. The Geo- physical structure of the country varies according to the nature of rock and its structure. Soil is formed by weathering of rock and mixing of dead plants and animals. The formation of soil depends upon the climate, topography, nature of rock and biological changes. Due to this reason, soil formation may take from a few years to hundreds of years according to place.
The land feature of Nepal can be summarized as given below:
The importance of soil is given below:
Nepal has board variation of altitude from place. This is the reason that Nepal has been a land of different ecosystem and water ships. Because of the climate and topographical condition, there are diverse types of forest in our country. On the basis of physical features, climate, soil and local surrounding.
Forests can be divided into various types or groups, they are given below:
Importance of forest is given below:
The uncultivated plants and non- domesticated animal resources are called wildlife. Nepal is rich is rich in its biodiversity. According to project profile 1995, Nepal has got 181 species of mammals, 844 species of birds, 6356 species of butterflies, 5000 species of insects and 185 species of fishes. Reptiles like golden monitor lizard, gharal, and Asiatic rock python are also found in Nepal.
The importance of wildlife is given below:
The metallic or non metallic substance found on the c rust of the earth is called mineral. Mineral is an important natural resources needed in construction and decoration. Soil, coal, clay and limestone are some of the examples of non metallic minerals. Copper, aluminum, etc. are the metallic minerals. It takes thousand years to form such minerals. As they are the non renewable natural resources, special care is needed while consuming them.
The status of major of our country is given below:
The development of mineral resources to the availability of the mineral resources. Minerals are the sources of income generation.
The importance of mineral resources is given below:
The importance of natural resources are:
The importances of natural resources are:
The major importance of air are as follows:
|Name of gases||
The importance of water resources are:
The forest of Nepal can be divided onto four categories:
Temperate forest is divided into two groups: Lower forest and upper temperate forest. The lower forest is found at an altitude of 2000 to 2700 m in the west and 1700 to 2400 m in the east. The upper forest is found at an altitude of 2700 to 3100 m in the western part and mid western part and 2400 to 2800 m in the eastern part. The plants are coniferous in shape because of cold climate in this region. This type of forest extends from east to west hilly part of Mahabharata region. The main trees of this region are Timur, Chiraito, Panchaule, Jatamasi etc. The trees in this forest are covered with mosses. The forest products of this forest can be used for making papers, color and paints attractive furniture, medicine, etc.
There are three sources of water:
The creatures that live in the forest are known as wildlife. Nepal is rich in animals because of geographical feature and varied climate. A number of wild lives are found in Nepal due to rich biodiversity. The number of animals and birds are being depleted day by day due to lack of conservation activities. So, for the conservation of wildlife various national parks are wildlife reserves should be established. There are various NGOs and INGOs working for the conservation of wildlife. People from various places come to these national parks to know different species of animals, their habitat. Some of them come for trekking in jungle as an adventure. There are various activities done with the animals like elephant ride, elephant bath, jungle Safari, Sports like elephant polo attracts numbers of people and tourists. People enjoy and get satisfaction by watching the wildlife. Aldo, there are some wildlife reserve like Dhorpatan in Nepal which allows hunting. Hence, every activities related to wildlife attracts tourists and thus foster tourism development.
The importance of forest resources are:
The valuable treasures which are found in the crust of the earth are called mineral. Metallic and non-metallic things, fuel, gases etc are some of the minerals.
The importances of mineral resources are:
Minerals found in Nepal are:
The importance of mineral resources on the economic and social development of the country are:
There is wide variation in altitude of land of Nepal. That's why Nepal has become the land of difficult ecosystems and water sheds. Because of the geographical variation, there are different types of natural forests in our country. In the southern plain and mid terai region there is tropical forest and vegetation. In the mid halls and Himalayan region, we find the sub tropical forests and vegetation. Forest is one of the various natural resources. About 29% of the land is covered by the bushes and herbs where the bushy area is the defrosted area. About 11.8% is covered by the grassland. Forests are classified into different groups on the basis of physical feature, climate, soil, local surroundings, etc. They are tropical forest, subtropical forest, temperate forest and Alpine forest.
Natural resources like hills, mountains, birds, lakes, waterfalls, forests, etc. decorates the nature very beautifully. The beauty and diversity of natural resources attract everyone. People can have the pleasure of these aspects of nature. So, the people from various countries travel various places to observe the beauty of nature. Due to this reason, tourists are attracted toward it. A number of students, researchers, visitors are attracted to see and visit the natural resources for this different kinds of conservation area, wildlife resources national parks can be established. They are the main tourism sectors to attract them as people come for different kinds of adventures like jungle safari, elephant riding, hunting, trekking etc. Thus, natural resources help to develop tourism industry.
Land is one of the most important natural resources. Geographical structure of every country is different because of nature, structure and quality of rocks. It affects the condition and structure of land. Soil is formed from weathering of rocks, decomposition of dead and decaying creatures and from other physical and chemical process. The soil formation process depends on the climate, geographical feature, time, original rocks; biological activities etc. land is main settlement of all terrestrial animals and human beings. Our settlement is impossible in the absence of land. People use land for making their houses and planting food crops. They produce grains, fruits and vegetables from the land. Land is only place where road, building, parks etc. are constructed. Utilizing land properly, human beings can uplift their living standard.
Water is the main constituent of human body. It occupies about 65% of the total body weight. One third of the earth surface is covered by water. Water is one essential natural resource for all living beings. Water is used in various ways in human life from birth to death. Water is used for drinking, cooking food, cleaning, irrigating land etc. In the absence of water human beings cannot even get food grains in a regular interval of time, the weather becomes dry. As a result, the temperature rises. If it is too dry, it becomes unfavorable environment to all living beings including human beings. Different human activities pollute water which adversely affects their health. So, it is necessary to pay proper attention on cleanliness of water resources.
Minerals are the valuable treasures which are found in the crust of the earth. Metallic and nonmetallic things, fuel, gases etc. are some of the minerals. Minerals are one of the important natural resources. Minerals like copper, iron, gold, coal, etc. are found under the land. Minerals are not equally distributed in all countries. Those countries, which have lots of mineral, can develop their economy easily by utilizing them. Various industries for example: copper based industries can be established where people can get employment. As the result, people can uplift their living standard. Human beings can make different kinds of materials from metals and a country can gain economic benefits. Minerals like gold, silver are used for aesthetic purpose. Minerals are used in construction and decoration of house and building. Minerals act as source of fuel which is used for variety of purpose.
Wildlife is the creatures that live in the forest. There are different types of geographical situations, climate, and temperature in Nepal. A number of wild lives are found in Nepal due to the rich biodiversity in here. According to record of Biodiversity project profile, prepared in 1995 AD, about 5160 species of Angiosperms, 181 species of mammals, 844 species of birds,635 species of butterflies, 5000 species of insects and 185 species of fishes are found in Nepal. Reptilians like Gharial crocodile, golden monitor lizard and Asiatic rock python are found in Nepal. There are different types of snakes in the river s of Nepal. But the numbers of animals and birds are being depleted day by day due to lack of conservation activities, illegal hunting activities increment of pollution, natural disasters etc.
How many species of buterflies are there in Nepal?