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Arts, cultures, customs which have been prevailing in the society, for example: different festivals, Jatras etc., are called traditions.
Those things which help to maintain peace, love, understanding in the society are called social values. For example: To respect elders is a social value because they have given birth, education, knowledge, to the young ones so they should be respected.
Norms means ideas that are prevalent in the society. For example: To be honest, sincere, hard working are social norms.
All the cultural features and resources which are created, protected and promoted by our ancestor and handed to future generations are called heritages.
1. Natural Heritage:
All those things created by nature for example: mountains, rivers, lakes are is called natural heritage.
2. Cultural Heritage:
All those things created by our ancestors and are modified, used and handed over to new generation is called Cultural Heritage. For example: festivals, temples etc.
Importance of Cultural Heritage:
Sagarmatha National Park:
Chitwan National Park:
Bhaktapur Durbar Square:
Patan Durbar Square:
The ecosystem is different according to geographical belt. There is diversity in religious and cultural aspect in the life of the people of Nepal. The people pass their life by utilizing the natural resources of environment. The nature aspects are interrelated with the lifestyle. The culture and religious heritages are related with the activities of human life. There is some difference in religious and cultural heritage in every geographical belt. There are many temples of religious importance in our country. They have their own values characteristics and cultural importance.
The need and importance of cultural can be describes with the following topics: -
The Hilly Region of Nepal is rich in religious and cultural diversity. It hosts many ethnic communities like of Brahmins, Chhetri, Newar, Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Mangar,etc. Majority of people follow Hinduism and Buddhists rank second. Dashain, Tihar, JanaiPurnima, Maghesangkranti etc. are the main festivals celebrated by the people. Along with these festivals, people celebrate some local festivals too. Temples, Gumbas, Patipauwas, rivers etc. represent the religious and cultural heritage there. Religious heritage like Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Budhanilkantha, Dakshinkali, Dolakha Bhimsen, Manakamana etc. are among the famous religious shrines of this religion.
The total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge which constitute the shared bases of social action is termed as culture. As Nepal is rich in multi-cultural country, it has a great importance of various cultural aspects existing in our society.
Social norms, values and tradition are the creations of human society which promote goodwill and tolerance in the people. In fact, the society's progress and prosperity depends on how it is developed on the basis of its norms, values and tradition.
The public properties like cultural heritages are found being misused in our society. People do not feel responsible to preserve, promote and utilize them in a scientific way. There are both, good and bad aspects of using them commercially. Some of them are listed below:
a. Have consensus among the political parties. b. Encourage people's participation in their renovation. c. Allocate sufficient budget . d. Check corruption and irregularities in the name of reconstruction and renovation. e. Earn the faith of donor agencies by accelerating the renovation work effectively.
When was Chitwan National Park established?
Gautam Buddha was born in which district of Nepal?