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Motivation is a human factor in management. A manager feels some sort of challenge to motivate the people in their respective job because this motivation relates to that internal force which directs the people to act in a particular way to get something or satisfy their needs. From the previous study, we learn that a manager gets work done through others. To get the work performed is not an easy task. A manager has to make the people work as per the direction was given to him. But the question is why people work? Why they behave as they do? What motives may direct people to behave in a particular work?
The term motivation is derived from the English word- Motive, and it is borrowed from the Latin word – “Movere: The meaning of “Movere” is to move. Motives mean the drives, needs, desires, wants or impulses within the individuals.
According to Dale S. Beach, "Motivation can be defined as a willingness to expend energy to achieve a goal or reward."
According to Harold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich, "Motivation is a general term applying to the entire class of drives, desires, needs, wishes."
Motivation is important to both the organization and the individual. To achieve organizational goals, motivation has become very effective tools and a manager has to use this tool to motivate or inspire the staff member in their respective job in such a manner that they could work effectively and efficiently.
From the viewpoint of organization and individuals, motivation is important and plays a significant role and is also considered as an important determinant of performance. Following are some of the importance of motivation:
Sharma, P., Shrestha, A., Pant, H., Gautam, I., Thapa, R. B., & Upadhyay, P. (2011). Buddha Publication.
Poudyal, Santosh Raj et.al., Business Studies-XII, Asmita Book Publication, Kathmandu
Bhandari, Kedar Prasad, Business Studies-XII, Bundipuran Prakashan, Kathmandu
The term motivation is derived from English word- Motive, and it is borrowed from the Latin word – “Movere:. The meaning of “Movere” is to move. Motives mean the drives, needs, desires, wants or impulses within the individuals. The needs give rise to motivate and to satisfy the needs, people may be motivated to work hard.
Motivation is a human factor in management. Motivation represents the willingness of an individual to put his efforts in a particular direction so as to achieve his goals. Motivation is what makes people perform or do the things. It energizes behavior of subordinates and directs them to perform the assigned activity by using their zeal and enthusiasm. Motivation is important to both organization and individual. To achieve organizational goals, motivation has become very effective tools and a manager has to use this tool to motivate or inspire the staff member in their respective job in such a manner that they could work effectively and efficiently.
According to Dale S. Beach , ‘Motivation can be defined as a willingness to expand energy to achieve a goal or reward.’
According to Harold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich, ‘ Motivation is a general term applying to the entire class of drives, desires, needs, wishes.'
In conclusion, motivation is the act of inspiring and encouraging employees to devotes maximum efforts for the achievement organizational objectives.
Any five importance of motivation are as follows:
Motivation induces men to work efficiently and it results in increased production and productivity. Motivation stimulates employees to work effectively and efficiently. When employees are motivated, they will improve their working efficiency. The improvement in efficiency among workers leads to maximize production and productivity.
Motivation makes the human resource (employees) work sincerely and performing / completing task efficiently. If employees work efficiently then only there will be a possibility of utilizing of other factors of production properly and that too in maximum. Hence, motivation helps to utilize the factor of production in a managerial way.
An organization operates in a dynamic environment. Changes are a usual phenomenon in an organization. When any changes occur in the organization, the workers may not be happy, discomfort, assume insecurely and show their disagreement and protest against such change. But if they are properly, timely and tactfully motivated and managers give knowledge and inspiration, they will accept the change even more enthusiastically.
Motivation creates confidence among the employees. It leads to job satisfaction and high morale of employees which reduces employee turnover and absenteeism.Higher turnover and absenteeism creates many problems in the organization and affects the reputation adversely.
Motivation helps to build the good relationship between management and employees. The employees are invited to participate in the decision-making function of the management. If the employees are properly motivated then the act of disobedience, demonstration against management, strike, lock-out etc are not shown by the employees.