Co-ordination is the unification and integration of the efforts of group members and to provide unity of action in the achievement of common goals. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. No function of management can be efficiently performed unless the activities under the function are coordinated. Coordination is helpful in achieving the objectives of the organization. Coordination is a process and it is not fixed. Individual activities are not applied in coordination, it prefers group activities. The managers have to make special efforts for coordination. Coordination does not come automatically. Coordination leads to unity of action. It is essential at every level of management in order to achieve the organizational goal.
In the words of Newman, "Co-ordination is a part of all phases of administration and that is not a separate and distinct activity."
In the words of Charles Worth, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly whole to achieve the purpose of understanding”.
Coordination is a process of binding the activities of various departments and persons in the organization so that the desired goal can be easily achieved. Management achieves its basic functions of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling through co-ordination. No function of management can be efficiently performed unless the activities under the functions are coordinated. It is essential at every level of management in order to achieve the organizational goal.
Co-ordination is an integral part of all the managerial functions. Its elements are discussed as follows:
From the above discussion, we know that coordination is the essence of management. It is required for each and every function and at each and every stage. Therefore it cannot be separated.
Managers use a variety of techniques for achieving coordination. The main techniques for effective coordination are as follows:
Management Study Guide. 2008. Electronic. 14 06 2016 http://www.managementstudyguide.com/coordination.htm
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Co-ordination is the process of harmonizing and integrating the resources and activities if various departments, branches, and individual for the achievement of harmony and unity. It is the process of binding all the components of an organization in systematic order. It is based on personal contact, co-operation, mutual confidence and good human relations. Coordination is helpful in achieving the objectives of the organization. The objective of co-ordination is to harmonize the goals of units and subunits with each other. It is a continuous and rational process. It is essential at every level of management in order to achieve the organizational goal.
In the words of Henry Fayol, " Co-ordination is to harmonize all the activities of a concern so as to facilitate the working and its success."
In the words of Koontz and Donnell, “A good co-ordination is that which forecasts the problems and takes necessary preventing measures so that it may not arise at all."
Coordination is a process of binding the activities of various departments and persons in the organization so that the desired can be easily achieved. Management achieves its basic functions of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling through co-ordination. A manager should coordinate all the resources and activities of the organizations effectively and efficiently for achieving the goals.
Any six techniques f co-ordination are as follows:
1. Sound Planning
Coordination facilitates sound planning in the organization. The Plan, policies, and comprehensive programmers prefer coordination of activities and individuals. Thus, coordination is regarded as an essential element for sound planning
2. Sound Organizational Structure
Coordination is possible only in a sound organizational structure. A sound organizational structure has a clear meaning of authority and responsibility relationship. This helps in reducing conflicts among the different positions. It clearly defines the authority relationship which provides an effective means of integrating the activities of different departments. Hence, coordination is essential for sound organization.
3. Clearly defined Objectives
The goal of the organization must be clearly defined. The individual in the organization should understand the overall objectives. An organization must have clearly defined goal as it support the employees to understand for coordinating all the efforts and activities.
4. Formation of Committees
A committee is a group of a person entrusted with functions collectively as a group. It promotes coordination through better and free interchange of ideas, feelings and opinions. All who are represented on the committee are bound to follow the committee decisions.
5. Comprehensive Policies and Programs
Coordination becomes very easy if there are well-defined and comprehensive policies and programs. They bring uniformity in action because everybody understand the policies and programmes in the same sense. Well defined and comprehensive policies and programmes are also important instruments of coordination.
6. Voluntary Cooperation
Coordination is more effective and long lasting when it is achieved through the voluntary cooperation of employees. Voluntary cooperation of employees is more helpful to promote effective communication. Voluntary cooperation can be developed among the employees by encouraging them through contacts and communication.