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Different types of organization are established in the society. These organizations are established to achieve definite objectives. In order to achieve these goals, such organizations are required to perform a number of functions on a regular basis. To perform these functions efficiently, those organizations require a number of resources like men, materials, money, means of communication and transportation. These resources should be utilized in the best possible manner to meet ever changing the need of the society. Hence, every organization requires an office for the effective management of resources and information for achieving objectives.
Meaning and definition
The office is the center of an organization. It is the focal point of the organization which carries out different functions like planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and communicating are performed. It can be regarded as the information center, decision-making place as well as public relation center. The following are the main definition of an office:
"Office is a place where clerical operations are carried out." -J.C Denyer
"The office is the administrative center of a business." -Mills and Standing Ford
"An office is the place where the control mechanisms for an enterprise are located, where records are initiated for communication, control and efficient operation of the enterprise." -George R. Terry
"The office is that part of a business enterprise which is devoted to the direction and coordination of its various activities. It is the seat, not only of the administration activities which determine the policy of whole business but also of the principal executive activities whereby that policy is carried into effect." -James Stephenson
An office has to perform a number of functions in order to achieve the objectives of the organization. They are given below:
Administrative functions are performed for the smooth and efficient operation of whole activities of the organization. These functions are performed by the board of directors, office chief, and sectional chief. The major administrative functions are as follows:
Clerical functions are also known as routine functions. These functions are performed regularly to assist for the smooth operation of administrative functions. These functions are performed by clerical staff or office assistants. The main clerical functions are given below:
The personnel function is concerned with selecting and appointing the right candidates in different managerial and clerical posts. The personal function also includes the activities relating to placing, training, promoting, transferring, remunerating, keeping a personal record and retiring the office staff. The organization establishes a separate personnel department to carry out such personal functions.
The full form of P.A is personal assistant.
According to George. R. Terry, '' An office is the place where the control mechanisms for an enterprises are located, where records are initiated for communication, control and efficient operation of the enterprises.'' According to J.C Denyer, '' An office is any place where clerical operations are carried out.''
An office is the place where administrative and clerical task are carried out to achieve orgational goal is known as office.
"Office is a place where clerical operations are carried out." Who gave this definition?
George R. Terry
Mills and Standing Ford
The process of linking the activities of different persons and department for the achievements of organizational objectives is called ______.
Administrative functions are performed by the ______.
board of directors
all the options are correct