It is one of the important organ composed of representatives who are either directly or indirectly elected by the citizens of a country. It is formed to formulate laws of a country.
At present, there is no legislature and it is currently represented by the Constituent Assembly whose task is to draft constitution and enact laws. According to the constitution of 2047 B.S, there was bicameral legislative in which the House of Representatives and National Assembly formed the legislature. But, presently there is no drafted constitution and election for the House of Representatives is not held so only the Constituent Assembly is considered the legislative today.
Criteria to be a candidate for legislative parliament:
Functions of Parliament:
Executive functions of legislature:
Bill is a draft of law which when discussed and if passed by the parliament becomes formal law for something.
In a democracy, majority decide, but the decisions of the minority are also respected.
Parliament (sansad) is a national body of elected representatives. It legislates (make laws) for the smooth running of the government. So, it is called national legislature. Different names are given to this body of representatives of the people in different countries. It is called congress in the United States of America, 'diet' in Japan, national assembly in France and National people congress in china.
The major cause behind the end of the tenure of the constituent assembly of Nepal on Jestha 14, 2069 was the misunderstanding and conflicts among the major political parties which couldn't fulfill the objectives of the constituent assembly.
The legislature is an institution of the people's representatives. It is given the responsibility of formulating and enacting laws to govern the nation. The members of the legislature are involved in the formulation of law according to the wish and desire of the people. Different proposal are tabled at the meeting of the legislature discussion are held on the proposals in different committees and sub committees formed in the legislature, necessary revisions, modification are made and finally put forth as bills for enactment. After, such bills have been endorsed by the legislature, they become laws. In our country according to the interim constitution, 2063 BS, the president certifies approved bills and they become laws.
There are three organs of the state (government). They are legislative, executive, and judiciary. Legislative prepares law for the nation and amends the existing law if necessary. Similarly, executive executes the law prepared by the legislative. Judiciary checks the process of preparing the law and implementing it.
The election of the constituent assembly was held on 4th Mangsir, 2070 for the second time. Though the election was held for 575 members, there are 601 members in the constituent assembly. Other 26 will be nominated by the government.
There were two different election methods applied. 240 members would be directly elected according to the first-past-the-post method. For this the country was divided into 240 elections constituency with minimum one and maximum 10 in districts. The one who gets the highest votes from among the total candidates registered in the constituency would be declared the winner. For the proportional methods, parties would name the candidate to the percent of total votes they get from the country. 335 members of constituent assembly are elected by this method of election.
The two similarities between the constituent assembly and Legislature Parliament are:
I'm 16 now. I should be 35 to be the member of the national assembly. I will have to render prominent service in various field of national life within 20 years. I will continue my study and complete masters within 8 years. During the period of my study, I will think of and explore the possible areas need that my contribution. My father has enough money for development of my back ward community. After the completion of my study, I will establish a campus in my own land. I will also widen the roads and connect the area with the means of communication. I will also establish a hospital with the assistance of local people. I will also launch afforestation and cleanliness programme and make the area beautiful. Now this area will be attractive for tourists. I will delineate this area as a tourist destination and foster the economy. Then the people will talk of my deeds and the parliament will nominated as a member of the national assembly.
Sovereignty is the power of the state which manages internal affairs. At the same time it is free from external control. If there is sovereignty in the country, then its people are legally independent of external control and supremacy in internal affairs. Sovereignty has both internal and external aspects. The internal aspects mean that the state is the supreme authority within the territory. The external aspects mean that the state is completely independent of sovereignty. It is exercised only by one state and its government sovereignty is one of the components of state's population, area, government and sovereignty.
Legislative body is the most vital part of any democratic country. It is a national body of representatives called parliament. Thus, it is in this body that the burning needs and wants of the people are discussed. It is in a way, a guide for the government. Similarly, for passing any bills, voting has to take place in the legislature and it also here that issues of national interest are considered. It is also from legislative body that a government is formed which rules the country. The government in fact, solely depends on the legislature; the parliament can at any time withdraw its support to the government. In that case the government collapses. Legislature has absolute control over the finance of the country. It also exercises procedure. So, legislative body is very important in democratic country.
Legislature is an organ of government that prepares the laws. It amends the existing laws according to time and situation. Our country has recently formed Constituent Assembly. It consists of 601 members. The two hundred and forty members are elected from first-past-the post and 335 are selected as proportional representative. Rests of the members are nominated from the parliament.
In a democratic country, the pressure of the three organs of the government is very essential. Their independent existence but interrelated functions make democracy stronger. If all the organs legislative. Executive and judiciary work effectively then the country can really gear up its mission of development. In our country, there are the provisions of these organs in our constitution. Their functions are:
Legislative body directly refers to the parliament system. It may have a unicameral or bi-cameral parliament system. Through the general election, the parliamentarians get elected or nominated and these people discuss on various issues regarding the people and the country. Dedicated parliamentarians can bring great change in the country. Its functions are:
This organ is one of the most respect and value owing in the state, it is called the government in another word. It is law enactment body with various administrative, security units throughout the country. The elected highest seat winning political party in the election becomes the "Prime Minister" and appoints other ministers. This body represents the government domestically and internationally. Their functions are:
This organ is another very important organ of the state. The law making organ makes it by making authentic real and it is this organ which protects, explains and gives justification over it. It has got a supreme court in power and function. Such as:
Among 601 members, how many members are elected directly by Nepalese people?