Judiciary is the independent organ of the government whose function is to provide justice for the innocent, punishment for the culprit and safeguard the rights and duties of the citizen.
i. Advisory functions:
Judiciary gives advice to the other organs and constitutional organs when required. Suggestion on national issues is the work of judiciary and also finds remedies for complicated legal matters.
ii. Judicial functions:
The main function of judiciary is to punish the culprit and give a proper verdict in support of innocent on the basis of the existing law. It decides the punishment for criminals and gives a decision regarding national issues.
Another main function of the Judiciary is to explain the laws made by the legislature and implemented by the executive. It supervises the laws and clarifies the meaning of the laws and their provisions.
The rights granted by the state are protected by the constitution as judiciary gives clear decisions about the rights and duties of an individual. It gives justice or verdict if any rights are violated.
Judiciary maintains law and order in the country. It interprets the law enforced by executive and made by the legislature. It investigates, identifies and punishes wrongdoers. It establishes precedence which later on becomes law. It solves the various legal obstacles. Judiciary provides legal advice to the government and its employees. Moreover, it safeguards the fundamental rights as provides by the constitution. Indeed, judiciary plays an important role to maintain the rule of law in the state.
People are considered as the supreme power in the democratic country. Sovereignty is manifested in the people. Therefore, people are state power. In this context, judiciary should have the following rights.
Judiciary does the following works:
Law, justice, and order are the components of the truth associated with judiciary body. These things are reflected by the judges at different tiers of the judiciary body of Nepal. In regard to the judge cases of various imparted by the judges. It is considered that the judges should be true, competent and impartial if they ignore these ideologies in the temptations of money; it corrupts and pollutes the glory of the court. The judges should always have their religion of truth, fairness, and impartiality. This strengthens the country, the legal system and the high attitude of people towards the judiciary body.
Supreme court is the only central level of court in Nepal. Under it there are 16 Appellate and 75 district courts all over Nepal. It is called the court of records as well. The powers and functions are: it exercises original, appellate, extraordinary powers, advisory power, legislative power etc.
Within these power, this court co-operate the executive body or with the serious issues concerned with the country, legal treatment of the people discussed in another level of court.
How many District Courts are there in our country?
How many Supreme Courts are there in our country?
Which court is called a court of records?
None of above
What is the judiciary?
Branch of government that makes constitution.
Branch of government that appoints judges.
Branch of government that makes laws.
Branch of government that gives justice.
Who appoints the chief justice of Supreme Court?
Chief justice can hold office for ______.