Please scroll down to get to the study materials.
Stitch is the most fundamental element in sewing. Stitch refers to a single turn or loop of thread. There are two types of stitches.
A decorative stitch is the series of stitch with decorative function. It is used for adding beauty and decoration in the cloth. The following are some of the decorative stitches.
i) Cross stitch– It is one of the most popular as well as the oldest type of decorative stitch. In the cross stitch, the stitch is made in x or + shaped. The cross stitch is used in the decoration of tables covers, pillow covers, etc.
A basic cross stitch is made by bringing the needle out at 2 with the insertion at 1 and repeating the process again that is inserting at 3 and bringing out at 4.
ii) Blanket stitch – Blanket stitch is the stitch that is used in reinforcing of the edge of thick materials like the blankets, towels, sweaters etc. We can see blanket stitch on both sides of blankets and towels.
iii) Satin stitch – Satin stitch is also damask stitch. It is a series of flat stitches that completely covers a section of the background fabric. This kind of decorative stitches is used for creating a beautiful design in broader clothes. Using satin stitch, we can create any kind of designs like flowers, fishes etc.
Different types of satin stitches are:
iv) Chain stitch - It is one of the oldest decorative stitches. One can use chain stitches in creating a variety of beautiful works to the monotonous even line.
v ) Lazy-dazy stitches – Lazy-dazy stitch is used for making embroidered flowers and other embroidery design on crocheted and knitted items. It is the common name for the detached chain stitch.
A Handkerchief (kerchief or hanky) is a small folded square of clothes carried in the pocket or purse for cleanliness purposes. Handkerchiefs are generally made of cotton or cotton/linen blend. The major utility of handkerchief lies in the cleanliness of body. Hence, in every individual life, the handkerchief is an integral component.
Materials required for making handkerchief:
Handkerchief is found in three sizes:
Introduction to Hosiery items
Hosiery items are prepared by knitting method. The knitting technique is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric. It creates multiple loops of yarn, called stitches in a line. In this method, single thread or yarn is used to make dresses such as caps, sweaters, mufflers, shawls, gloves, etc. Knitting may be done by hand or by using a machine.
Simple weaving by hand loom
Weaving is the art in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced and the thread are called the warp and weft. They are interlaced with each other at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The method by which these threads cross each other determines the textural design of the woven cloth.
A loom is a device used to weave cloth and a hand loom is a simple machine used for weaving. In wooden, vertical-shaft looms, the heddles are fixed in place on the shaft. This loom is powered by hand. The warp threads pass alternately through a heddle, and through a space between the heddles so that raising the shaft raises half the threads and lowering the shaft lowers the same threads and the threads passing through the spaces between the heddles remain in place.
The word fabric refers to the weaved cloth. Fabric painting refers to a simple way that adds beauty to the clothes. It is the art of filling colour in the design created in fabric or cloth. Special types of colour are used in fabric painting. Slowly, the art of commercial fabric painting is getting prominent in Nepal. One can create fabric painting in any kind of clothes. For example, handkerchiefs, bed set, pillow covers, tv covers, sofa covers, t-shirts, salwar suits, saris etc.
The major materials that are essential in the process of fabric painting are enlisted below:
Methods of fabric painting in a piece of fabric
Stitch is the most fundamental element in sewing. Stitch refers to a single turn or loop of thread.
There are two types of stitches..
There are two types of stitches and they are basic stitch and decorative stitch.
Fabric painting is a simple activity that adds beauty to the clothes. It is a great way to add a new life to plain old clothes.
The lazy-dazy stitch is used for making embroidered flowers and other embroidery designs on crocheted and knitted items.
The major utility of a handkerchief lies in the cleanliness of body.
Satin stitch is used for creating the beautiful design in broader clothes and designs like flowers, fishes etc.
Blanket stitch is the stitch that is used for reinforcing the edges of thick materials like the blankets, towels, sweaters etc.
Stitching is done mainly for _____________________.
Decorative stitch is used for _________________.
Cross stitches are made in ____________.
Blanket stitch is used for _____________________.
The major utility of a handkerchief lies in the ___________________.
Handkerchiefs are made of _______________________.
Aromatic plants are used to make essential ________________.
______is the most fundamental element in sewing.
A ______is a small folded square of clothes carried in a pocket or purse.