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Nepal's Natural Resources

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Nepal’s Natural Resources

Nepal is a small and beautiful country full of natural resources. Natural resources are the gift of nature found in the earth. It can’t exhaust from the world. It plays a vital role in the human and animal’s life.

source ; sunita-naturalresourcesofnepal-sunita.blogspot.com Fig :Natural resources of Nepal
source ; sunita-naturalresourcesofnepal-sunita.blogspot.com
Fig :Natural resources of Nepal

Nepal is rich in various natural resources. Some of them are as follows:

  1. Forest
  2. Soil
  3. Mineral
  4. Water

Forest

The forest is a gift of nature. Green forest is the wealth of Nepal. It occupies about 39.6% of the total land of Nepal. We can’t survive in this world without it. It is a very important resource of Nepal to help in the economic development of Nepal. It provides wood, fuel, herbs, timber etc. Its features are based on its altitude, climatic condition, and land forms. Nepal has a tropical forest climate in the south and temperate and alpine climate in the north. According to the climatic conditions, the types of forest varies from place to place. Some of them are given below:

  1. Sub – tropical Evergreen Forest:
    These types of forest are found in the Terai plains and the broad flat valleys found between the hills. Evergreen forests are found in the altitude from 150 m to 1200 m above the sea level. This forest mainly comprises of the Sal (Shorea Robusta), Khair-Sisou (A catechu/Sisou), Semal (Bombax Malabricum) forest, grasses etc. These types of forest are very rich in the wildlife in the country. Some of them are tigers, rhinos, bears, leopards, elephants etc.
  2. Deciduous Monsoon Forest:
    These types of forest are found in the lower temperate region of the Himalayan range which is called the Mahabharat range. This range reaches to the higher hills up to 2100 m above the sea level. These consist of broad-leaved with dotted plant species. Castenopis Indica, Schma Wallichii, Alnus Nepalensis, Acer Oblongum, Oak, Rhododendron etc are common flora of this forest. Barking deers, serows, ghorals, bears, leopards etc. are common animals found here. Many species of birds are also found here.
  3. Coniferous Evergreen Forest:
    These are the alpine forests found in the Himalayan region. These types of forests are found from 3100 m to 3300 m above the sea level. The region features rhododendron, juniper scrub, and woody vegetations. The animal species in this region are Himalayan marmots, mouse hares, musk deers, snow leopards etc. These are very useful for match, paper and furniture industries.

Soil

The soil is another natural resource of Nepal. In the context of Nepal, most of the people are dependent on soil for agriculture. It consists of water, dead leaves, roots, worms, bacteria, minerals, and humus. The soil is the

source ;www.rhs.org.uk Fig : Soil
source ;www.rhs.org.uk
Fig : Soil

base for living beings and non-living things. On the basis of types, there are five types of soil in Nepal.

  1. Alluvial Soil
    Alluvial soil is formed by a mixture of materials deposited by rivers and decayed vegetation. It is very fertile to grow crops. It is especially found in Terai and rivers basins. It consists of particles of various organic and inorganic substances. It is suitable for growing paddy, wheat, jute, oilseed, tobacco, sugarcane etc.
  2. Sandy and Stony Soil:
    Sandy and stony soil is made up of a mixture of sand, rocks and other rough, loose particles deposited by the river. It contains less humus in it. So, it is not suitable for agriculture. The maximum part of these types of soil is covered by the forest of Sal, Sisso etc.
  3. Rocky Soil:
    The broken rocks are mixed with decayed vegetation in hills and mountains and form a rocky soil. The parent rock is disintegrated through continuous weathering. This soil contains less nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium etc. In spite of less humus, millet, tea, potato, maize, etc. are grown in it.
  4. Glacial Soil:
    It is formed by boulders, sand, and stone deposited by the glaciers. This type of soil is found in the mountain region. Fertility of this soil is minimum as the climate is too cold and the deepness of the soil is less. It is suitable for the cultivation of specific plants such as barley, millet, potato, buckwheat etc.
  5. Lacustrine Soil:
    The soil is made by the drying of lakes in the basins and valleys is known as Lacustrine soil. It is very fertile soil in black color. It contains a huge amount of humus for cultivation. Kathmandu valley has this type of soil where varieties of vegetables and crops can be grown easily.

Minerals

Minerals are the chemical elements found in the earth’s crust. Nepal is quite rich in mineral resources. It is very important for industrial development. Mineral deposits such as gold, diamond, mica, limestone, iron

source : www.pinterest.com Fig : Minerals
source : www.pinterest.com
Fig : Minerals

ore, copper, petroleum, uranium etc. are found in the different parts of Nepal. Because of financial constraints, lack of technical and skilled manpower, adequate progress in the field of mining mineral resources of Nepal has not been achieved. The areas where minerals are found in Nepal are as follow:

Minerals

Places/Area

Iron

Fulchoki, Doti, Myagdi, Bhainse, Pyuthan, Bandipur.

Copper

Budha Khola, Ilam, Thamakhani, Barhabise, Myagdi, Sisakhani, Kulekhani.

Mica

Langtang, Sundarijal, Sindhuligadhi, Bajhang, Nuwakot, Bhojpur, Gosainkunda.

Limestone

Godawari, Chitwan, Palpa, Makwanpur, Udayapur, Chovar, Surkhet.

Zinc

Namche, Fulchoki, Ganesh Himal.

Marbel

Godawari

Lead

Fulchoki, Ganesh Himal, Galkot, Marfa, Baitadi.

Gold

Sunkoshi, Budhi Gandaki, Kaligandaki.

Silver

Chisapani, Baglung, Fulchoki.

Petroleum

Muktinath, Nepalgunj, Koilabas, Dhangadhi.

Slate

Gorkha, Ramechhap, Bandipur, Dhading, Lalitpur.

Magnesite

Barahachetra, Chisapani, Gosainkunda.

Water

Water is the basic component for the survival of human life. Nepal is rich in water resources. Nepal can generate more than 43000 MW of hydro electricity from the possible volume of hydropower generation of 83000 MW. But due to lack of possible manpower, we are able to generate only 600 MW hydroelectricity.
According to the report of the study, Nepal is the second richest country in the water resources after

source :permaculturenews.org Fig : Water
source :permaculturenews.org
Fig : Water

Brazil. Water is one of the main natural resources of Nepal. Water resources are found in two forms. They are as follows:

  • Surface water:
    Surface water is found on the surface of the earth's crust. Rivers, lakes, streams, springs etc. are the main sources of surface water.
  • Underground water:
    Underground water is found beneath the earth surface. They are available in valley and Terai region. Well is the example of it.


Hydro Electricity in Nepal

source : energypedia.info Fig : Hydro Electricity in Nepal
source : energypedia.info
Fig : Hydro Electricity in Nepal

Name

Capacity (KW)

Pharping

500

Sundarijal

640

Panauti

240

Trishuli

2400

Fewa

1088

Sunkoshi

10050

Tinau

1024

Gandaki

15000

Kulekhani – I

60000

Kulekhani – II

32000

Devighat

14100

Seti

1500

Marsyangadi

69000

Adhikhola

5900



  1. Natural resources are the gift of nature found in the earth. 
  2. Green forest is the wealth of Nepal. It occupies about 39.6% of the total land of Nepal. 
  3. Subtropical Evergreen  forest is found in the Terai plains and the broad flat valleys found between hills. Evergreen forests are found in the altitude from 150 m to 1200 m above the sea level.
  4. Deciduous Monsoon forest is found in the lower temperate region of the Himalayan range which is called the Mahabharat range. This range reaches to the higher hills up to 2100 m altitude above the sea level.
  5. Coniferous Evergreen forest is the alpine forest found in the Himalayan region. These types of forest are found from 3100 m to 3300 m altitude above the sea level. 
  6. Alluvial soil is formed by a mixture of materials deposited by rivers and decayed vegetation. It is very fertile to grow crops.
  7. Sandy and stony soil is made up of a mixture of sand, rocks and other rough, loose particles deposited by the river. It contains less humus in it.
  8. The broken rocks get mixed with decayed vegetation in hills and mountains and form a rocky soil. 
  9. It is formed by boulders, sand, and stones deposited by the glaciers. This type of soil is found in the mountain region. 
  10. The soil made by the drying of lakes in basin and valleys is known as Lacustrine soil. It is very fertile soil in black color. 
  11. Minerals are the chemical elements found in the earth’s crust. 
  12. Surface water is found on the surface of the earth's crust. Rivers, lakes, streams, springs etc. are the main sources of surface water.
  13. Underground water is found beneath the earth's surface. They are available in valley and Terai region. Well is the example of it.
.

Very Short Questions

The main natural resources of Nepal are as follows:

  • Forest
  • Soil
  • Minerals
  • Water

Nepal has the potentiality to generate 83000 MW hydro-electricity. The present condition of hydro-electricity is very weak. We are able to generate only 600 MW hydro-electricity.

We can find 5 kinds of soil in Nepal. They are as follows:

  1. Alluvial Soil
  2. Sandy and Stony Soil
  3. Rocky Soil
  4. Glacial Soil
  5. Lacustrine Soil

The five important minerals found in Nepal along with their locations are as follows:

  • Iron = Fulchoki, Bhainse, Doti, Pyuthan, Bandipur, Myagdi
  • Copper = Thamakhani, Sisakhani, Kulekhani, Budha khola, Barhabise, Myagdi, Ilam.
  • Mica = Bajhang, Bhojpur, Lamgtang, Gosainkunda, Sundarijal, Nuwakot, Sindhuligadhi
  • Zinc = Fulchoki, Ganesh Himal, Namche
  • Limestone = Makwarpur, Chovar, Udayapur, Godawari, Surkhet, Palpa, Chitwan.

The forest is a very important resource for the survival of all living beings. It provides us shelter, foods, fuel, air etc. It helps to maintain the eco-system and also help to reduce globe warming. It provides beautiful scenery to the nation. It also provides the flora and fauna to the people and also helps in the medical field.

Soil is the composition of disintegrated and discomposed rock materials.

The six hydro-electricityof Nepal and their capacity are as follows:

  1. Kaligandaki ‘A’ = 144000 KW
  2. Kulekhani – I = 60000 KW
  3. Pharping = 500 KW
  4. Sunkoshi = 10050 KW
  5. Gandaki = 15000 KW
  6. Marsyangadi = 69000 KW

Surface water is the water found on the surface of the earth's crust. Rivers, lakes, streams, springs etc. are the examples of surface water.

Underground water is found beneath the earth's surface. Well is an example of it.

 

Kaligndaki 'A' has the highest potentiality to generate electricity of 144 MW.

Alluvial soil is formed by a mixture of materials deposited by rivers and decayed vegetation.

Subtropical Evergreen forest is the forest found in the Terai region of Nepal having dense trees like Sal, Simal, Sisou etc.

0%
  • __________ soil is very fertile.

    Alluvial soil
    Sandy soil
    Stony soil
    Rocky soil
  • ______________ is found in Fulchoki.

    Mineral
     Iron
     Silver
    Gold
  •  Gandaki is a ___________ class river of Nepal.

    fourth
    third
    second 
    first
  • _____________ is the first hydro project of Nepal.

     Pharping
    Tinau
    Chaurjahari
    Seti
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sneeha

green forest napal's wealth


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there is no answer of my question


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