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Population Growth in Nepal

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Population Growth in Nepal

The population is defined as the total number of people living in a particular place at a particular time. Population growth is the average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. Nepal has a high population growth rate. The average population growth rate of 1991-2001 is 2.24 percent. The growth

source :www.missosology Fig : Population growth
source :www.missosology
Fig : Population growth

rate of population for the decade of 2001 to 2011 A.D was just 1.35 % per year. The pattern of growth rate is very uneven. According to the census of 2011 A.D., the population of Terai Region is 50.27%, the population of Hilly Region is 43% and the population of Mountain Region is 6.73%. The population growth trend can be studied from the following table:

Census Year (AD) Population Growth rate %
1911 5338749 -
1921 5573788 -0.12
1931 5532574 -0.07
1941 6283649 1.16
1951 8256625 2.28
1961 9412996 1.64
1971 11555983 2.05
1981 15022839 2.62
1991 18491097 2.08
2001 23151423 2.25
2011 26494504 1.35

From the above table, we can say that the population of Nepal has been growing since 1931 A.D. The current census report indicates the decrease of the population growth. It is because of the increased rate of family planning devices and their use, foreign employment, population education etc. The increment and decrement of a country are determined by some factors. They are mentioned below:

Illiteracy:
Illitrate people think that children are the gift from god. So, they never stop giving birth to children. Illiterate people are economically incapable. So, uneducated parents believe that if they have more children, they can earn money. They have no idea about the family planning. People get married early due to illiteracy. Because of early marriage, females produce more children thereby increasing the population.

Religious Beliefs:
Religious belief is the social factor that changes the population. Conservative people do not believe in modern thoughts. They believe that the use of family planning is against the religion. They accept the birth of a child as a gift of god. It promotes population growth.

Early Marriage:
Marriage is compulsory in the Nepalese society. Early marriage is preferred by most of the parents. People get married early because of the parental pressure, ignorance and social beliefs. Ignorance is the most responsible factor for early marriage. Even child marriage is in practice. There will be the possibilities of the higher number of children in a family because of the longer span of fertile period.

Education:
Uneducated people are likely to be unaware of the importance of small family and disadvantages of bearing a large number of children. Illiterate people are indifferent to the use of family planning. Hence, there is higher fertility in an uneducated family. The educated family does have a lower birth rate.

Unemployment:
Unemployment has played an active role in the growth of population in our country. The majority of labour power has to sit idle without work. Thus, the male and female have to pass their lives without the source of entertainment, so they are induced to indulge in sex. In such situation, there is a higher possibility of producing children.

Gender Discrimination:
In the Nepalese Society, a son is preferred than a daughter. Sons are regarded as wealth while daughters are a burden. They have a strong belief that managing their daughters for marriage is their sole responsibility. This kind of gender discrimination has promoted early marriage. Early marriage is risky for both men and women. The girl may start to bear a child at the early age resulting in the possibility of giving birth to more than two children.

Source of Income:
Poor people are uneducated, unaware and not rational enough to the negative consequences of having more number of children. Children are their income source. They think that the children will help in their work to earn. So, they bear more children. They do not know the negative consequences of having more number of children. A family with a better income source and status are likely to have a small size of the family.

Social Customs and Traditions:
The population growth has been favored by social customs and traditions. Because of our social and cultural customs, people usually produce more children. People of our society believe that a family becomes stronger if it has many members. Females of the ages between 15 years and 49 years have the capacity to produce children. Because of the early marriage, females have more chances of producing more children. It increases the population.



  • The population of Nepal is growing constantly.
  • The increment in the size of the population is referred to as the growth.
  • The changes of size, whether increment or decrement is termed as the growth of population.
.

Very Short Questions

Population growth is the average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. Generally, increment in the size of the population is referred as the population growth. Nepal has a high population growth rate.

Unemployment has played an active role in the growth of population in our country. The majority of labour power has to sit idle without work. Thus, the male and female have to pass their lives without the source of entertainment, so they are induced to indulge in sex. In such situation, there is a high possibility of producing children. So, unemployment and population change has a great relation between them.

In the Nepalese society, a son is preferred than a daughter. Sons are regarded as wealth while daughters are a burden. They have a strong belief that managing their daughters for marriage is their sole responsibility. This kind of gender discrimination has promoted early marriage. Early marriage is risky for both men and women. The girl may start to bear a child at the early age resulting in the possibility of giving birth to more than two children. It may increase the population of the country.

Marriage is compulsory in Nepalese society. Early marriage is preferred by most of the parents. People get married early because of the parental pressure, ignorance and social beliefs. Ignorance is the most responsible factor for early marriage. Even child marriage is in practice. There will be the possibilities of a higher number of children in a family because of the longer span of fertile period. So, early marriage is an important factor of population growth.

The population of Nepal has been decreased for the decade of 2001 to 2011 A.D because today everyone lives in the modern lifestyle. The influence of population education, foreign employment, increased rate of family planning devices has prevented the population growth. Now, the people are also aware of the future of the children.

Poor people are uneducated, unaware, and not rational enough to the negative consequences of having more number of children. Children are their income source. They think that the children will help in their work to earn. So, they bear more children. So, people think bearing more children as the source of income.

Uneducated people are likely to be unaware of the importance of small family and disadvantages of bearing a large number of children. Illiterate people are indifferent to the use of family planning. Hence, there is higher fertility in an uneducated family. The educated family does have a lower birth rate. So, education plays an important role in the population growth.

A family with a better income source and status are likely to have a  small size of the family.

According to the census 2011, the population of Terai was 50.27%.

Th population growth rate of the census year 2011 is 1.35%.

The population of Nepal has been growing since 1931 A.D.

Conservative people do not believe in modern thoughts and lifestyle.

0%
  • Change in the size of population of a particular country within a fixed period of time is known as ______________.

    Census
    Population Growth
    Population diversification
    None of the above
  • _____________are the factors of population growth in Nepal.

    Belief
    Education
    Economy
    All of the above
  • According to the census 2011, the population growth rate of Nepal is_____.

    1.07%
    3.05%
    2.02%
    1.35%
  • Mainly_______is preferred in Nepalese society.

    gay
    daughter
    none
    son
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saraj shrestha

how does population growth effects social aspects of our life?


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