Notes on Composition and Distribution of Population | Grade 7 > Social Studies > Population Education and its Importance | KULLABS.COM

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#### Composition of Population

Population composition is the distribution of a population according to the characteristics such as age, caste, religion, language, and sex. It is the distribution of population on the basis of the population attributes. Population composition can guide us for making successful plans and programs for ensuring

the welfare and quality life of the people. Some of the population compositions in Nepal are as follows:

1. Population Composition by Age
Population composition by age refers to the structure of the population of a place or a country by the age. The study of population composition by age helps to calculate the number of people in the country. The population can be categorized on the basis of age groups such as 1-14 years, 15-59 years, 60 years and above. Generally, the population of the age group between 15 to 59 years is known as economically active, and the people below this age group (0-14 years) and above this age group (60 years and above) are considered as economically dependent. However, some people in the economically dependent age group are found to be active in our society.
According to the census of 2011 A.D, the population by age groups can be listed below:
 Age Groups Population Percentage 0 - 14 9,249,232 34.91 15 - 59 15,091,269 56.96 60+ 2,154,003 8.13
2. Population Composition by Sex
Population composition by sex divides the total number of thepopulation into two types, male and female. Sex ratio (the number of males per 100 females) at the national level has decreased from 99.8 in 2001 to 94.2 in 2011. In abstract number, there are 796,422 more females than males in the country. Sex ratio is highest (127) in Manang district and lowest (76) in Gulmi district.
According to the census report of 2011 A.D, sex composition of population is listed below:
 Sex Population Female 13,645,463 Male 12,645,463

The number of females is higher than male by 6 in average.

3. Population Composition by Religion
Nepal is a country of various religious groups.
According to the 2011 census, some major religious groups existing in Nepal are listed below:

 Religions Population percentage Hinduism 81.34 Buddhism 9.04 Islam 4.38 Kirant 3.04 Christianity 1.41 Prakriti 0.46 Bon 0.04 Jainism 0.01 Bahai 0.004
4. Population Composition by Caste
Nepal is a country of different castes. According to the census of 2011 A.D, there are 125 castes in Nepal. It shows the diversity of the population. The population of Nepal is composed of many caste groups. Some of them are listed below:

 Caste Population Chhetri 4,398,053 Brahmin 3,226,903 Magar 1,887,733 Tharu 1,737,470 Tamang 1,539,830 Newar 1,321,933 Musalman 1,164,255 Kami 1,258,554 Yadav 1,054,458 Rai 620,004 Gurung 522,641 Damai/Dholi 472862 Limbu 387,300 Thakuri 425,623 Sarki 374,816
5. Population Composition by Language
According to the census report of 2011, there are 123 languages spoken in Nepal. Some of the major linguistic groups and their corresponding population are listed below:

 Languages Population percentage Nepali 44.6 Maithili 11.6 Bhojpuri 5.98 Tharu 5.77 Tamang 5.11 Newari 3.2 Bajjika 2.99 Magar 2.98 Doteli 2.97 Urdu 2.61

#### Distribution of Population

Population distribution is the spread of people into different political and physical divisions of a particular country. The population of Nepal can be divided into three ecological zones, five development regions,

districts as well as towns and villages. Population distribution of Nepal can be listed below:

• Population by Ecological Zones

 Physical Regions Population (percentage) Himalayan 1,781,792 (6.73%) Hilly 11,394,007 (43%) Terai 13,318,705 (50.27%)
• Population by Five Development Regions

 Development Regions Population Percentage Eastern 5,811,555 21.94 Central 9,656,985 36.45 Western 4,926,765 18.59 Mid-Western 3,546,682 13.39 Far-Western 2,552,512 9.63

According to the population distribution, the Terai region has the highest population. The main reason behind this is the migration of people to this region is due to the availability of fertile soil and various other facilities and services. Similarly, Central Development region has the highest density of population and Far-Western has the lowest population.

• Population composition is the description of the population defined by characteristics such as age, race, sex and marital status.
• The distribution of population on the basis of the population attributes is called as the composition of population.
• Population distribution means the pattern of people living in the country.
.

#### Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

Population of Nepal are composed of many castes groups, some of them are listed below:

 Caste Population Chhetri 4,398,053 Brahmin 3,226,903 Magar 1,887,733 Tharu 1,737,470 Tamang 1,539,830 Newar 1,321,933 Musalman 1,164,255 Kami 1,258,554 Yadav 1,054,458 Rai 620,004 Gurung 522,641 Dhamai/Dholi 472862 Limbu 387,300 Thakuri 425,623 Sarki 374,816

Nepal is a country of various religions. The population of Nepal is divided into many religious groups. Some major religious groups existing in Nepal are listed below:

 Religions Population percentage Hinduism 81.34 Buddhism 9.04 Islam 4.38 Kirant 3.04 Christianity 1.41 Prakriti 0.46 Bon 0.04 Jainism 0.01 Bahai 0.004

In the context of physical regions, the Himalayan region has the lowest population and according to the Development regions, the Far-Western development region has the least population. It is because the services and facilities provided in these regions are less than other regions.

Population by age represents the structure of population in different age groups. It is very significant to make plans for workforce and their management, according to the age group of the people. According to the census of 2011 A.D, the population by age group are listed below.

 Age Groups Population Percentage 0 - 14 9,249,232 34.91 15 - 59 15,091,269 56.96 60+ 2,154,003 8.13

According to the census of 2011 A.D, there are altogether 125 castes in Nepal.

According to the census of 2011 A.D, Chhetri has the highest (4,398,053) population and Sarki has the lowest (374,816) population.

Population by ecological zones

 Physical Regions Population (percentage) Himalayan 1,781,792 (6.73%) Hilly 11,394,007 (43%) Terai 13,318,705 (50.27%)

According to the census report, there are 123 languages spoken in Nepal.

Central development region has the highest population density.

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• ### ____________has the highest density of population owing to favourable fertile land, industries and other services and facilities.

Himalayan Region
All of the above
Hilly Region
Terai Region
• ### _______________has the highest density of population.

Central Development Region
None of the above
Eastern Development Region
Western Development Region
• ### ____________has the least pressure of population on land.

Mid-Western Development Region
None of the above
Central Development Region
Eastern Development Region